Kaka, Turkmenistan

Kaakhka Cyrillic Russian Каахка (1927-1992)
Ginzberg, Cyrillic Russian Гинцбeрг (1919-1927)[1]
Kaakhka, Cyrillic Russian Каахка (?-1919)
Kaka is located in Turkmenistan
Location in Turkmenistan
Coordinates: 37°21′N 59°36′E / 37.350°N 59.600°E / 37.350; 59.600
Country Turkmenistan
ProvinceAhal Province
DistrictKaka District
Time zoneUTC+5
Monument outside Kaka, Turkmenistan, in memory of fallen revolutionaries.

Kaka, also known as Kaakhka, Kaakcha or Chaacha, is a city in and capital of Kaka District, Ahal Province, Turkmenistan. It lies on the Trans-Caspian railway and the M37 highway.


The name Kaka is of obscure origin.[2] Some local elders have attributed it to an eponymous "long-forgotten" local king, while others to the Persian onomatopoeic word قهقهه (Qahqahe) "ha-ha", a deep laugh, indicating that the area is a happy land.[2] The current spelling of the name, Kaka, was established by parliamentary decree in April 1992.[3]


Timur had a fortress—of unknown antiquity—restored in 1382 during his campaigns in East Caspian lands, and named it "Kahkah".[2][4] The ruins of the fortress command immense archaeological significance.[4]


Fighting took place in Kaka between the Trans Caspian Mensheviks and the Tashkent Bolsheviks on 28 August and on 11 and 18 September 1918 during the Russian Civil War. Troops of the British India Army were involved.[5]


There is a Tsarist era railway station.[4]


  1. ^ "Всемирный исторический проект. Географические названия республики Туркменистан" (in Russian). Archived from the original on 4 May 2008.
  2. ^ a b c Atanyýazow, Soltanşa (1980). Түркменистаның Географик Атларының Дүшүндиришли Сөзлүги [Explanatory Dictionary of Geographic Names in Turkmenistan]. Ashgabat: Ылым. p. 175.
  3. ^ "ТҮРКМЕНИСТАН ЁКАРЫ СОВЕТИНИҢ ПРЕЗИДИУМЫНЫҢ КАРАРЫ Областларың, районларың ве шәхерлериң атларының рус дилинде язылышыны түркмен транскрипциясына лайыклыкда үзгүнлешдирмек хакында, №- 680 — XII" (PDF) (in Turkmen). Government of Turkmenistan. 17 April 1992. pp. 2–4.
  4. ^ a b c Brummell, Paul (2005). Turkmenistan. Bradt Travel Guides. pp. 124–125. ISBN 978-1-84162-144-9.
  5. ^ Operations in Trans-Caspia Archived 4 May 2007 at the Wayback Machine, Behind the Lines, accessed 23 September 2009

37°21′N 59°36′E / 37.350°N 59.600°E / 37.350; 59.600

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