Districts of Turkmenistan

Districts of Turkmenistan

The districts of Turkmenistan (Turkmen: etraplar, sing. etrap) are territorial entities below the provinces of Turkmenistan (Turkmen: welaýatlar, sing. welaýat). They may be counties, cities, or boroughs of cities. The heads of the districts (Turkmen: häkim, translated as "governor" for districts of a welaýat and "mayor" for cities or boroughs of a city) are appointed by the President of Turkmenistan (Constitution of Turkmenistan, Articles 80-81).

Regarding cities "with district status" (Turkmen: etrap hukukly), by Turkmen law, "...such cities must have population over 30,000 and be the administrative center of a province (welaýat); headed by a presidentially appointed häkim." Though this officially limits the possible number of such cities to five (the number of provinces), in reality other cities are periodically accorded the status of a district. As of 5 January 2018, 11 cities in Turkmenistan enjoyed the status of districts, including four of the five provincial (welaýat) centers. One city, the capital city of Ashgabat, enjoys the status of a province.[1]

Two cities in Turkmenistan feature subordinate districts headed by mayors. Such districts are best rendered into English as "boroughs" to distinguish them from municipal districts without their own governments, which are also called etraplar in Turkmen (but are called микрорайоны in Russian). Ashgabat has four boroughs and Turkmenbashy has two.

List of districts by first-level entity

Aşgabat City

See also Map of the Boroughs of Ashgabat

As of January 5, 2018, Ashgabat includes four boroughs (uly etraplar):[2][3][4][5][6][7]

  1. Bagtyýarlyk etraby (formerly President Niyazov, Lenin District, expanded to include former Ruhabat District plus new territory)
  2. Berkararlyk etraby (formerly Azatlyk, Sovetskiy District)
  3. Büzmeýin etraby (formerly Abadan District, expanded to include former Arçabil and Çandybil Districts)
  4. Köpetdag etraby (formerly Proletarskiy District)

This number is a reduction from the previous number of boroughs.

Ahal Province

  1. Ak bugdaý (formerly Gäwers)
  2. Babadaýhan
  3. Bäherden (formerly Baharly)
  4. Gökdepe
  5. Kaka
  6. Sarahs
  7. Tejen[8][9]

Balkan Province

  • County Districts:
  1. Bereket (previously Gazanjik)
  2. Esenguly
  3. Etrek (previously Gyzyletrek)
  4. Magtymguly (previously Garry Gala)
  5. Serdar (previously Gyzylarvat)
  6. Türkmenbaşy
  1. Awaza etraby
  2. Kenar etraby[9][10][11][12][13][14]

Daşoguz Province

See also Map of Districts (Etraplar) of Dashoguz Province

  1. Akdepe
  2. Boldumsaz
  3. Görogly (formerly Tagta)
  4. Gubadag
  5. Gurbansoltan Eje (formerly Ýylanly)
  6. Köneurgenç
  7. Ruhubelent
  8. S.A. Nyýazow (formerly Dashoguz/Dashowuz)
  9. Saparmyrat Türkmenbaşy[9][15][16]

Lebap Province

  1. Çärjew (formerly Türkmenabat/Serdarabat)
  2. Dänew (formerly Galkynyş)
  3. Darganata (formerly Birata)
  4. Döwletli (territory of former Beýik Türkmenbaşy adyndaky etrap was included in November 2017)
  5. Farap
  6. Halaç
  7. Hojambaz
  8. Kerki (formerly Atamyrat)
  9. Köýtendag (formerly Çarşaňňy)
  10. Saýat[9][17]

Mary Province

  1. Baýramaly
  2. Garagum
  3. Mary
  4. Murgap
  5. Oguzhan (formerly Nyýazow)
  6. Sakarçäge
  7. Serhetabat (formerly Gushgy)
  8. Tagtabazar
  9. Türkmengala
  10. Wekilbazar
  11. Ýolöten[9][18]

Cities with "district status"

Under Turkmen law, some cities are granted "district status" (Turkmen: etrap hukukly), meaning they are headed by a presidentially appointed mayor (Turkmen: häkim) and control their own budgets. Cities without this status (cities "in a district", Turkmen: etrapdaky) are headed by a council (Turkmen: geňeş) chaired by an arçyn rather than a mayor. Cities in Turkmenistan with district status are:[1]

Ahal Province
Tejen şäheri
Balkan Province
Balkanabat şäheri
Gumdag şäheri
Hazar şäheri
Serdar şäheri
Türkmenbaşy şäheri
Daşoguz Province
Daşoguz şäheri
Köneürgenç şäheri
Lebap Province
Türkmenabat şäheri
Mary Province
Baýramaly şäheri
Mary şäheri

Abolished districts

These districts no longer exist.

See also


  1. ^ a b Türkmenistanyň Mejlisi (2010–2018). "Türkmenistanyň dolandyryş-çäk birlikleriniň Sanawy". Türkmenistanyş Mejlisiniň Karary. Ashgabat. This document is reproduced online at https://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Districts_in_Turkmenistan.
  2. ^ "Постановление о вопросах административно-территориального деления города Ашхабада". 5 January 2018.
  3. ^ "Глава государства подписал Постановления о переименовании и структурной реорганизации некоторых хякимликов Ахалского велаята и Ашхабада". 5 January 2018.
  4. ^ "Меджлис Туркменистана внёс изменения в административно-территориальное деление города Ашхабада". 5 January 2018.
  5. ^ "Парламент Туркменистана внёс изменения в административно-территориальное деление Ашхабада". 6 January 2018.
  6. ^ "В Туркменистане изменились административные границы Ашхабада и Ахалского региона". 6 January 2018.
  7. ^ "Глава государства подписал Постановления о переименовании и структурной реорганизации некоторых хякимликов Ахалского велаята и Ашхабада". 8 January 2018.
  8. ^ "Парламент Туркменистана внёс изменения в административно-территориальное деление Ахалского велаята". 5 January 2018.
  9. ^ a b c d e "Административно-территориальное деление Туркменистана по регионам по состоянию на 1 января 2017 года". Archived from the original on 2018-07-08. Retrieved 2018-07-08.
  10. ^ "Балканский велаят: административно-территориальные изменения". 27 May 2016.
  11. ^ "ПОСТАНОВЛЕНИЕ МЕДЖЛИСА ТУРКМЕНИСТАНА Об административно-территориальных вопросах Балканского велаята". 27 May 2016.
  12. ^ According to Türkmenistanyň dolandyryş-çäk birlikleriniň Sanawy Turkmenbashy is divided into the city of Turkmenbashy proper and the Awaza borough, which consists of the Awaza National Resort Zone plus an administrative center and bedroom community a short distance away as well as the city airport. However, parliamentary and presidential decrees established Kenar borough (Kenar etraby) and that name is attested in these statutes, though it is omitted from the official list of administrative subdivisions. The portion of the city of Turkmenbashy not in Awaza borough is thus referred to as the Kenar borough (Kenar etraby), after the former village of Kenar that was annexed by Turkmenbashy city.
  13. ^ "Расширенное совещание по дальнейшему развитию Национальной туристической зоны «Аваза"" (in Russian). «Туркменистан: золотой век». 31 July 2013.
  14. ^ "Türkmenistanyň Prezidenti "Awaza" milli syýahatçylyk zolagyny mundan beýläk-de ösdürmek boýunça giňişleýin maslahat geçirdi" (in Turkmen). "Türkmenistan: Altyn asyr". 31 July 2013.
  15. ^ "Map of Districts (Etraplar) of Dashoguz Province]".
  16. ^ "Изменения в административно-территориальном делении Дашогузского велаята (Changes in the Administrative-Territorial Division of Dashoguz Province)". 17 June 2016.
  17. ^ "Внесены изменения в административно-территориальное деление Лебапского велаята". 27 November 2017.
  18. ^ "Административно-территориальные изменения Марыйского велаята". 24 July 2016.

External links

  • Statoids
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