Daşoguz

Daşoguz
Dashhowuz 1992-1999
Tashauz -1992
Dashoguz (2) (46100624741).jpg
Daşoguz is located in Turkmenistan
Daşoguz
Daşoguz
Location in Turkmenistan
Coordinates: 41°50′N 59°58′E / 41.833°N 59.967°E / 41.833; 59.967
CountryFlag of Turkmenistan.svg Turkmenistan
ProvinceDaşoguz Province
Government
 • MayorMammetnyyaz Owezovich Nurmammedov[1]
Elevation
88 m (289 ft)
Population
 (2004)
 • Total210,000
Time zoneUTC+5

Daşoguz (also Dashoguz, Dasoguz; roughly "stone spring" in Turkmen), formerly known as Tashauz (until 1992; Russian: Ташау́з) and Dashkhovuz (1992–1999; Russian: Дашхову́з), is a city in northern Turkmenistan and the capital of Daşoguz Province. The Uzbekistan border is about 10 km away.

Geography

It is located at latitude 41.833° north, longitude 59.9667° east, at an average of 88 meters above sea level. It is about 76.7 km (47.7 mi) from Nukus, Uzbekistan, and 460 km (290 mi) from Ashgabat. In nearby Lake Sarykamysh 65 varieties of fish can be found.

Climate

Daşoguz has a cold desert climate (BWk, according to the Köppen climate classification), with long and hot summers. Winters are relatively short, but quite cold. The precipitation is scarce throughout the year, with an average of 100 mm (3.93 in).

History

Founded as a fort called Tashauz in the early 19th century by the Russians, the name was changed to the Turkmen form Dashkhovuz in 1992 after independence, and to Daşoguz by order of President Niyazov in 1999; the modern city has all characteristics of Soviet planning.[2] The etymology remains disputed.[2]

On September 5, 1998, an H5 meteorite weighing approximately 7 kilograms fell in Daşoguz.[3]

Town

Along the middle of the town runs the Saparmurat Turkmenbashy Shayoly, formerly Andalyp Shayoly in honor of Andalyp, a native poet c. 18th century.[2]

A pentad of statues —Oguz Han, Georogly, Gorkut Ata, and Magtymguly surrounding a seated Niyazov who is reading Ruhnama— occupy the town center.[2] Two museums —Museum of Bagshies, commemorating native traditional singers and Glory Museum, commemorating local war heroes — are prominent.[2]

Transportation

Paul Brummell notes that the town serves as a transportation-hub rather than a tourist-destination.[2] Daşoguz Airport provides regular flights to Ashgabat and Turkmenbashy.[2] At the northern perimeters of the town, lies the eponymous railway station — there runs a daily train to Ashgabat.[2] Private vehicles are available for transport to all district capitals in the Northern Region, and Ashgabat.[2]

Demographics

Daşoguz's population of 166,500 (1999 census estimate) is predominantly Turkmen and Uzbek, with smaller numbers of Russians, Koreans, Karakalpaks, and Tatars present. A large number of those forcefully displaced by ex-President for Life Saparmurat Niyazov have been resettled in lands adjoining the town.[4]

Notable people

Sport

The town has a 2 stadiums: Sport Toplumy Stadium and Garaşsyzlyk Stadium.

References

  1. ^ "Turkmenistan Project reports". Archived from the original on 2007-06-10. Retrieved 2019-11-23.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Brummell, Paul (2005). Turkmenistan. Bradt Travel Guides. pp. 164, 167–168. ISBN 978-1-84162-144-9.
  3. ^ "H chondrite meteorites". Archived from the original on 2008-07-04. Retrieved 2007-04-13.
  4. ^ "IDMC Report". Archived from the original on 2009-04-29. Retrieved 2007-04-13.

External links

  • Daşoguz travel guide from Wikivoyage

Coordinates: 41°50′N 59°58′E / 41.833°N 59.967°E / 41.833; 59.967

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