President of Turkmenistan

President of Turkmenistan
Türkmenistanyň prezidenti
Emblem of Turkmenistan.svg
Emblem of Turkmenistan
Flag of the President of Turkmenistan.svg
Standard of the President of Turkmenistan
Vladimir Putin and Serdar Berdimuhamedow (2022-06-10) 02 (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Serdar Berdimuhamedow

since 19 March 2022
StyleMr President
(informal)
Distinguished President of Turkmenistan
(formal)
His Excellency[1]
(diplomatic)
TypeHead of state
Head of government
Member ofCabinet of Ministers
State Security Council
CIS Council of Heads of State
ResidenceOguzkhan Presidential Palace
SeatAshgabat
AppointerDirect popular vote
Term length7 years,
renewable
Formation2 November 1990 (Turkmen SSR)
27 October 1991 (Turkmenistan)
First holderSaparmurat Niyazov
SuccessionChairman of the Assembly of Turkmenistan
DeputyVice President of Turkmenistan
Salary10,800 USD annually[2]

The president of Turkmenistan (Turkmen: Türkmenistanyň prezidenti), officially the president and chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan, is the head of state and head of government of Turkmenistan. The president is also the supreme commander in chief of the Armed Forces of Turkmenistan and heads the State Security Council.

Serdar Berdimuhamedow is the current president of Turkmenistan, the third in the history of the country since it gained independence with the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. He succeeded his father, Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow when the latter stepped down in 2022 after a reign of 15 years, the first president to do so. In the 2022 election, Berdimuhamedow received 72.97% of the country's popular vote against nine other candidates.[3] The country passed reforms in 2016 eliminating term limits for the presidency and removing the previous age requirement of below 70, as well as extending the term from five to seven years.[4]

Requirements for presidents, removal from office, and succession

Requirements for candidates for president of Turkmenistan include the following:[5]

  • Must have been born in Turkmenistan
  • Must be fluent in Turkmen
  • Must be at least 40 years old
  • Must have resided in Turkmenistan for the past 15 consecutive years
  • Must be employed

The powers of the president of Turkmenistan may be terminated in accordance with article 57 of the Turkmen constitution in the event of:

  • Inability to perform their duties due to illness
  • Violation of the constitution and public laws
  • A vote of no confidence in the president

Should the president be removed from office as well as the in event of death or resignation, the chairman of the Assembly is legally appointed as acting president, with elections being held no later than 60 days after the fact. This has never taken place; in 2006, when Turkmenistan's only presidential vacancy occurred due to Niyazov's death in office, the State Security Council of Turkmenistan transferred the right to act as President to the first deputy chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers on an ad-hoc basis. The requirement that an acting president does not have the right to run for president was also dropped.

Residence

The Oguzkhan Presidential Palace is the principal residence/workplace of the president, located on Independence Square in Ashgabat. The various halls of the palace are used to receive foreign leaders and sign presidential decrees. Former President Saparmurat Niyazov owned a private residence in an official residence in Arshabil, a town 28 kilometres outside of Ashgabat.[6]

Transport and security

The president of Turkmenistan utilizes a specially made Boeing 777-200LR, painted in the national colours, during international and regional visits. These planes are provided by Turkmenistan Airlines. The president employs a Mercedes-Benz S-Class vehicle to transport him throughout the capital city. On some occasions, the vehicle is escorted by a mounted troop from the armed forces. The president also utilizes trains to transport them from one place to another.

A vehicle of the security service in 2011.

The ' Presidential Security Service (Prezidentiniň howpsuzlyk gullugy) is responsible for ensuring the protection and security of the president. Established in November 1990, it is a direct reporting body of the President of Turkmenistan. In the early 1990s, the Presidential Security Service was removed from the National Security Committee and transformed into an independent body. On 23 September 1994, the Law of Turkmenistan "On the operative-search activity" came into force, according to which one of the main tasks of the service is to ensure the security of the President of Turkmenistan.[7] During state visits to foreign countries, the service provides at least 10 agents to protect the president.[8] The Presidential Security Service is organized in the following way:

  • Secretariat
  • Duty Division
  • 1st Division (Personal guard of the president)
  • 2nd Division
  • 3rd Division
  • 4th Division
  • Special Operations Regiment
    • 1st Battalion
    • 2nd Battalion
    • 3rd Battalion

The Presidential Security Service is currently composed of 2,000 employees.[9]

Heads of the Security Service

No.  Name Appointed Dismissed
1  Akmurad Rejepov 1990 15 May 2007
2  Charymurad Amanov 15 May 2007 25 January 2008
3  Guycheldy Khojaberdiyev 25 January 2008 5 October 2014

After the dismissal of Khojaberdiyev, the appointment of a new chief was not reported.

List of presidents of Turkmenistan

No. Name
(birth and death)
Portrait Took office Left office Years and Days in office Election Political party
1 Saparmurat Niyazov
(1940–2006)
Saparmurat Niyazov in 2002.jpg 2 November 1990 21 December 2006
(Died in office)
16 years, 49 days 1990 Communist
1992 Democratic
Act. Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow
(1957–)
Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow at the Enthronement of Naruhito (1).jpg 21 December 2006 14 February 2007 55 days Democratic
2 14 February 2007 19 March 2022
(Retirement)
15 years, 294 days 2007
2012
2017 Independent
3 Serdar Berdimuhamedow
(1981–)
Vladimir Putin and Serdar Berdimuhamedow (2022-06-10) 02 (cropped).jpg 19 March 2022 Incumbent 261 days 2022 Democratic

Timeline

Serdar BerdimuhamedowGurbanguly BerdimuhamedowSaparmurat Niyazov

Rank by time in office

Rank President Time in office
1 Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow 15 years, 33 days 15 years, 88 days
Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow 55 days (Acting)
2 Saparmurat Niyazov 15 years, 55 days[10]
3 Serdar Berdimuhamedow 261 days

See also

References

  1. ^ UNITED NATIONS HEADS OF STATE HEADS OF GOVERNMENT MINISTERS FOR FOREIGN AFFAIRS Protocol and Liaison Service
  2. ^ "Зарплата для избранных". www.kommersant.ru. 9 October 2006.
  3. ^ "Turkmenistan leader's son wins presidential election". AP NEWS. Associated Press. 15 March 2022. Archived from the original on 15 March 2022. Retrieved 15 March 2022.
  4. ^ "The president of Turkmenistan wins re-election with 98% of the vote". The Economist. Retrieved 26 February 2017.
  5. ^ "Законодательство - «Туркменистан: золотой век»". Archived from the original on 5 August 2012.
  6. ^ Hiro, Dilip (November 2011). Inside Central Asia: A Political and Cultural History of Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz stan, Tajikistan, Turkey, and Iran. ISBN 9781590203781.
  7. ^ "Закон Туркменистана "Об оперативно-розыскной деятельности"". base.spin form.ru.
  8. ^ "Кое-что о президентской охране".
  9. ^ "Some facts about the Presidential security team | Chronicles of Turkmenistan". 14 June 2013.
  10. ^ Counting from the declaration of independence on 27 October 1991.

External links

  • U.S. State Department profile of Turkmenistan
  • Republican Party of Turkmenistan
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