Prime Minister of Saudi Arabia

Prime Minister of Saudi Arabia
رئيس وزراء المملكة العربية السعودية
Royal Standard of Saudi Arabia.svg
Incumbent
Mohammad bin Salman October 2019 (cropped).jpg
Mohammed bin Salman
since 27 September 2022 (2022-09-27)
Details
ResidenceAl Saud Palace

The prime minister of Saudi Arabia is the chair of the Council of Ministers and head of government of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Mohammed bin Salman has been Prime Minister since 27 September 2022.[1] The post has always been held by either the King or the Crown Prince.

History

The office was created along with the Council of Ministers on 9 October 1953, by decree of King Saud. Due to unrest within the royal family over his rule, Saud was forced to appoint his half-brother, Crown Prince Faisal, as prime minister. An ongoing power struggle between the two led to Faisal's resignation in 1960, allowing Saud to reclaim the reins of government, but continued discontent saw Faisal return as prime minister in 1962. After the deposition of Saud in 1964, Faisal succeeded him as king, while remaining prime minister.[2] Since the reign of King Khalid, others have done much of the "heavy lifting" as the king was either unwilling or unable to carry the workload, especially as the kingdom became a gerontocracy during the 1990s and 2000s. The current one is the King's son Mohammad, who is his father's top aide.

List of Prime Ministers of Saudi Arabia

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Time in office Notes
Took office Left office Days in office
1 Saud of Saudi Arabia.jpg Saud of Saudi Arabia 9 October 1953 16 August 1954[3] 311 Saud created the post of Prime Minister for himself, and appointed Crown Prince Faisal Prime Minister in 1954. The two would engage in a power struggle which would ultimately lead to Saud's abdication of the throne and exile.
2 King Faisal bin Abdulaziz.jpg Faisal 16 August 1954 21 December 1960 2319 First Prime Minister who was not the King at time of appointment.
1 Saud of Saudi Arabia.jpg Saud of Saudi Arabia 21 December 1960 31 October 1962 679 Saud lost a power struggle to Crown Prince Faisal and was forced to abdicate in 1964.
2 King Faisal bin Abdulaziz.jpg Faisal of Saudi Arabia 31 October 1962 25 March 1975 4528 Faisal became King on November 2 1964 and was assassinated on 25 March 1975.
3 Fahd of Saudi Arabia Portrait.jpg Fahd of Saudi Arabia 25 March 1975 21 February 1996 7638 De facto Prime Minister during Khalid's reign and through his own until suffering a stroke in 1996. Second Prime Minister who was not the King at the time of his appointment.
4 Abdullah of Saudi Arabia Portrait.jpg Abdullah of Saudi Arabia 21 February 1996 23 January 2015 6911 De facto Prime Minister after Fahd's stroke in 1996. From 9 October 2005 to 23 January 2015. Some regard Khaled al-Tuwaijri as a de facto Prime Minister from 9 October 2005 to 23 January 2015.
5 Rodrigo Duterte meets with Salman of Saudi Arabia (2017-04-11) (cropped).jpg Salman of Saudi Arabia 23 January 2015 27 September 2022 2742 Most day-to-day governance was handled by the King's son Mohammed bin Salman.
6 Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman Al Saud - 2017.jpg Mohammed bin Salman 27 September 2022 Incumbent 69

See also

References

  1. ^ "Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince to become Kingdom's Prime Minister: Royal decree". Al Arabiya English. Retrieved 2022-09-27.
  2. ^ أرشيف-شاهد على العصر-الأمير طلال بن عبد العزيز ج1 [Watch the Times – Prince Talal bin Abdul Aziz] (in Arabic). Al Jazeera. 31 July 2016. Archived from the original on 2021-12-21 – via YouTube.
  3. ^ *"Saudi Arabia". WorldStatesman. Ben Cahoon. Retrieved 2014-03-31.


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