Turkmenistan Airlines

OJSC Turkmenistan Airlines
«Türkmenistan» awiakompaniýasy[1]
Turkmenistan Airlines logo.svg
IATA ICAO Callsign
Founded1992; 31 years ago (1992)
HubsAshgabat International Airport
Focus cities
Fleet size29
Destinations11 [2]
Parent companyGovernment of Turkmenistan
HeadquartersAshgabat, Turkmenistan
Key peopleDovran Saburov, CEO[3]

OJSC[4] Turkmenistan Airlines (Turkmen: «Türkmenistan» awiakompaniýasy açyk görnüşli paýdarlar jemgyýeti,[4] commonly known as Türkmenhowaýollary) is the flag carrier and only airline of Turkmenistan, headquartered in Ashgabat.[5] It operates domestic and international passenger and cargo services mainly from its hub at Ashgabat International Airport.


The state-owned service Turkmenistan Airlines was founded 4 May 1992.[6][7] In 1992, Turkmenistan Airlines became the first airline in the former Soviet Union to purchase a Boeing 737-300.[8] In April 1993, Turkmenistan became a full member of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). The first flight on a cargo aircraft IL-76 was completed on 19 April 1993 from Ashgabat to Brest, Belarus.[9]

From 2001, the airline phased out its Soviet-era fleet for a more modern fleet of Boeing 717s, which were extensively used for service on domestic routes until their retirement. Seven of the 717 series were purchased; the first was presented at the MAKS air show in 2001.[10] On 29 April 2009 a Boeing 737-700 was demonstrated in Ashgabat and on 2 September Boeing announced that Turkmenistan Airlines had confirmed an order for three more such aircraft worth $192 million.[11] Autumn airline supplemented by three Boeing airliners. In May 2009, the airline opened the Lachyn (Turkmen: Laçyn) Hotel in Ashgabat for transit passengers. Designed for 200 guests, it is located on Bitarap Türkmenistan şaýoly, which connects the city center to the Ashgabat Airport.[12][13] On 1 July 2011, the airline began to operate an Electronic ticket system[14][15] on all flights. Booking flights can be carried out in the standard way, but information about air travel began to be given out in the form of a passenger itinerary receipt.[16]

On 8 May 2013, a Boeing 737-800 was delivered.[17][18] On 3 June 2013 a fourth Boeing 737-800 arrived,[19] and on 18 December 2013 a fifth Boeing 737-800 arrived.[20]

In 2012, the airline began printing the full-colour magazine Lachyn ("Falcon"). This was the first in-flight product in Turkmenistan. The magazine is also distributed in the halls for official delegations and VIP-zones of airports in Turkmenistan.[21] In the same year, the airline carried 57,500 passengers to 15 international destinations and approx. 90,000 passengers on domestic routes per month (c. 1.77 million passengers per year).[22]

In January 2013 regular cargo flights to Brno commenced.[9] In March 2013 a new ticket sales centre was opened at 61 Atatürk Street. This building houses 30 sales offices; 17 for domestic flights and 13 for international routes.[23] In August 2013 a regular passenger flight to Lviv was started.[24] In October of the same year, flights to Donetsk[25] and Riga commenced [26] followed in December by the first scheduled service to Western Europe - Paris.[27] In March 2014, Turkmenistan Airlines announced that it was to commence long-haul flights using its newly acquired Boeing 777-200LRs.[28] The aircraft are currently utilized on flights to Bangkok, Beijing, Birmingham, Delhi and Istanbul.[29]


In 2017, the air transport enterprise of the State National Service Türkmenhowaýollary was transformed into a joint-stock company Turkmenistan Airlines.[30][31]

On 4 February 2019, the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) suspended Turkmenistan Airlines' permission to fly in the EU.[32] This forced the airline to terminate its routes to the United Kingdom, France and Germany. In December, Turkmenistan Airlines resumed regular passenger traffic to European Union countries after a 10-month break.[33]

In connection with the COVID-19 pandemic and for the safety of passengers, Turkmenistan Airlines suspended all international regular passenger flights in March 2020.[34][35][36][37] In order to prevent the import and spread of coronavirus infection, all planes arriving in Turkmenistan from abroad are redirected to the Turkmenabat International Airport[38] or Turkmenbashi International Airport.

Since March 2021, Turkmenistan Airlines switched to the new Piece Concept baggage system.[39][40]

In May 2022, Turkmenistan Airlines announced the resumption of flights to Dubai, the popular UAE tourist destination as the travel industry starts recovering from the COVID-19 impact.[41] In 2022, regular passenger flights to Istanbul, Kazan, Moscow, Dubai, Frankfurt and Abu Dhabi were resumed.[42] Aircraft began to return to Ashgabat (during the pandemic, they were redirected to Turkmenabat and Turkmenbashi). [43]


Turkmenistan Airlines Boeing 737-800
Turkmenistan Airlines Boeing 757-200
Turkmenistan Airlines Boeing 777-200LR
Turkmenistan Airlines Ilyushin Il-76TD

As of January 2023, Turkmenistan Airlines operates flights to only 5 domestic destinations from its hub at Ashgabat International Airport and [44][45] 6 international destinations in 4 countries.[46] The airline also operates dedicated cargo flights.

Codeshare agreements

Turkmenistan Airlines has code share agreements with the following airlines:


Current fleet

Turkmenistan Airlines British Aerospace BAe-125-1000B

As of June 2021, the Turkmenistan Airlines commercial passenger fleet is all-Boeing. The full fleet (commercial passenger, VIP, cargo) consists of the following aircraft:[47]

Turkmenistan Airlines Fleet
Aircraft In service Orders Passengers Notes
C Y Total
Boeing 737-700 2 8 118 126
149 149
Boeing 737-800 8 16 144 160
Boeing 757-200 3 16 173 189
Boeing 777-200LR 3 28 263 291 Includes EZ-A780, the last 777-200LR ever built[48]
VIP fleet
Boeing 737-700 1 VIP
Boeing 737-700/BBJ1 1 VIP
Boeing 777-200LR 1 VIP
Bombardier Challenger 870 1 VIP
British Aerospace 125 2 VIP
Cargo fleet
Airbus A330-200/P2F 2 Cargo Delivery starts from 2022.[49][50]
Ilyushin Il-76TD 8 Cargo
Total 27 3

Historical fleet

Turkmenistan Airlines historically has operated the following aircraft:[citation needed]

Corporate affairs


The headquarters of Turkmenistan Airlines are in Hero of Turkmenistan Atamyrat Nyýazow Avenue, 326 in Ashgabat.[51]


  1. ^ "Täze PROMO nyrhy". turkmenistanairlines.tm. Archived from the original on 20 April 2021. Retrieved 6 June 2022.
  2. ^ «Туркменские авиалинии» продлили приостановку международных авиарейсов
  3. ^ "Bishkek-Ashgabat direct flight opening is in plan: Transport Ministry". akipress.com. Retrieved 14 October 2018.
  4. ^ a b "Online Booking Regulations". turkmenistanairlines.tm. Archived from the original on 26 March 2019. Retrieved 6 June 2022.
  5. ^ "Directory: World Airlines." Flight International. 30 March – 5 April 2004. [1].
  6. ^ "Corporate". Archived from the original on 8 May 2015. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  7. ^ "Turkmenistan Airlines information (founded, fleet, etc.)". Retrieved 2 August 2017.[permanent dead link]
  8. ^ ""ТУРКМЕНСКИЕ АВИАЛИНИИ" ПОЛУЧИЛИ ЕЩЕ ОДИН "БОИНГ"". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  9. ^ a b "Туркменистан: золотой век". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  11. ^ "Boeing". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  12. ^ "В Ашхабаде открыт отель для транзитных авиапассажиров". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  13. ^ "About company". Archived from the original on 16 September 2013. Retrieved 2 August 2017.
  14. ^ "Turkmenistan airlines to introduce e-tickets from July 1". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  15. ^ "Electronic ticket". Archived from the original on 5 October 2013. Retrieved 2 August 2017.
  16. ^ ""Туркменские авиалинии" внедрят электронную систему продажи билетов". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  17. ^ "EZ-A015 Turkmenistan Airlines Boeing 737-800 - cn 39774 / ln 4440". Archived from the original on 10 June 2015. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  18. ^ "Воздушный парк гражданской авиации Туркменистана пополнил новый пассажирский "Боинг-737-800"". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  19. ^ "Туркменистан: золотой век". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  20. ^ "Туркменистан: золотой век". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  21. ^ "Turkmenistan: golden age". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  22. ^ ""Turkmenistan Airlines" launches specialized magazine for air travelers". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  23. ^ "В Ашхабаде будет открыто современное агентство по продаже авиабилетов". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  24. ^ ""Туркменские авиалинии" открыли рейс в город Львов". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  25. ^ "Туркменистан: золотой век". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  26. ^ "New Airlines Open Flights in the Winter Season". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  27. ^ ""Туркменские авиалинии" открывают регулярный рейс в Париж". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  28. ^ "Turkmenistan Airlines to go longhaul out of Ashgabat using B777s". ch-aviation. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  29. ^ "Timetable". Retrieved 24 April 2015.[permanent dead link]
  30. ^ В Туркменистане будет создано акционерное общество по авиаперевозкам
  31. ^ Авиакомпанию Turkmenistan Airlines акционируют
  32. ^ "Banned airline leaves thousands stranded". BBC News. BBC News. 4 February 2019. Retrieved 4 February 2019.
  33. ^ «Туркменские авиалинии» возобновили полёты в страны Евросоюза
  34. ^ ""Туркменские авиалинии" из-за COVID-19 продлили отмену международных рейсов до 31 января". Interfax-Tourism. Retrieved 11 January 2022.
  35. ^ "Turkmenistan Airlines продлила отмену международных рейсов до конца 2020 года". Interfax-Tourism. Retrieved 11 January 2022.
  36. ^ turkmenportal. "Авиакомпания "Туркменистан" решила пока не возобновлять международное авиасообщение | Общество". Туркменистан, интернет портал о культурной, деловой и развлекательной жизни в Туркменистане (in Russian). Retrieved 11 January 2022.
  37. ^ turkmenportal. "Авиакомпания "Туркменистан" запустит временный промо-тариф по международным маршрутам | Туризм". Туркменистан, интернет портал о культурной, деловой и развлекательной жизни в Туркменистане (in Russian). Retrieved 11 January 2022.
  38. ^ "Авиарейсы из-за пределов Туркменистана временно перенаправляются в Туркменабат | Общество".
  39. ^ Airlines, Turkmenistan. "Täze PROMO nyrhy". Turkmenistan Airlines. Retrieved 11 January 2022.
  40. ^ turkmenportal. "Авиакомпания "Туркменистан" перешла на новую систему провоза багажа Piece Concept | Туризм". Туркменистан, интернет портал о культурной, деловой и развлекательной жизни в Туркменистане (in Russian). Retrieved 11 January 2022.
  41. ^ «Туркменистан» частично возобновит полёты по международным направлениям
  42. ^ Авиакомпания «Туркменистан» возобновила регулярные авиарейсы в столицу ОАЭ
  43. ^ Часть международных рейсов «Туркменских авиалиний» будут перенаправлять в Ашхабад
  44. ^ "Timetable". Archived from the original on 22 April 2015. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  45. ^ "Turkmenistan Airlines - Cheap flights to Asia - - Route map". www.flyturkmenistanairlines.eu. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  46. ^ [2]
  47. ^ airfleets.net - Turkmenistan Airlines retrieved Jan 2021
  48. ^ "World's last Boeing 777-200LR for Turkmenistan Airlines". Aviation Nepal. 18 June 2021. Retrieved 13 July 2022.
  49. ^ "Туркменистан впервые закупит два самолёта Airbus" (in Russian). Turkmenportal. 7 January 2021.
  50. ^ "Turkmenistan Airlines finalises A330 P2F freighter purchase". Ch-Aviation. 20 January 2021.
  51. ^ [3]

External links

Media related to Turkmenistan Airlines at Wikimedia Commons

  • Official website
  • Flight Information Region In Turkmenistan
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Turkmenistan_Airlines&oldid=1134538018"