Aşgabat International Airport

Ashgabat International Airport

Aşgabat halkara howa menzili
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerGovernment of Turkmenistan
OperatorTurkmenhowayollary Agency [1]
ServesAshgabat, Arkadag, Änew
LocationAshgabat, Bagtyýarlyk District[2]
Hub forTurkmenistan Airlines
Time zoneTMT (UTC+05:00)
Elevation AMSL692 ft / 211 m
Coordinates37°59′13″N 58°21′39″E / 37.98694°N 58.36083°E / 37.98694; 58.36083
Websiteashgabatairport.gov.tm
Map
ASB is located in Turkmenistan
ASB
ASB
Location of airport in Turkmenistan
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
11L/29R 12,467 3,800 Concrete
11R/29L 12,467 3,800 Concrete
Statistics (2016)
Number of Passengers1,300,000
Source: AIP Turkmenistan[3]

Ashgabat International Airport (Turkmen: Aşgabat halkara howa menzili) (IATA: ASB, ICAO: UTAA), formerly known as Saparmyrat Türkmenbaşy International Airport, is one of five international airports in Turkmenistan. It is located within the city limits of Ashgabat (Ashkhabad). The old airport, with its air traffic control tower and a 3,700-metre-long (12,000 ft) precision approach runway (12L-30R), opened in 1994 and was named after the country's first president, Saparmyrat Niyazov. The new airport terminal opened in September 2016, after being completely redesigned and rebuilt and after the south runway was moved and lengthened to parallel the north runway.

Citizens of all countries have the right to visa-free transit through the international transit area of Ashgabat International Airport.[4]

History

Soviet

Outside the airport in Askhabad, 1964

Turkmen civil aviation began in 1927, the year air communications began between Chardzhou and Tashauz, flying through the settlements of Turtkul and Novo-Urgench (both in the Uzbek SSR). For this route, four-passenger Junkers F.13 aircraft were purchased in Germany, as well as Soviet four-passenger Kalinin K-4 aircraft. Eight aircraft served this airline. Later, in 1932, newer Soviet aircraft were purchased for the transport of passengers. The Kalinin K-5 aircraft seated six, and the Tupolev ANT-9 aircraft had twelve seats. With this replenishment of the Turkmen SSR air fleet, in 1932 an air division was formed at Chardzhou Airport that directly served the Chardzhou-Tashauz route, without stops in other settlements.[5]

The first airport building in Ashkhabad was built in 1932, and at the end of 1934 two air units were formed there: one was equipped with Po-2 aircraft (for agricultural use), and the other consisted of TB-3 aircraft (for cargo transportation) .[5] In 1935, was opened Ashkhabad-Tashauz airline route.[5]

In 1944, Turkmen SSR air fleet was replenished with the Li-2 aircraft, which transported passengers and mail from Ashkhabad to Moscow via Baku, Astrakhan and Volgograd.[5] Since 1946, Soviet aircraft Ilyushin Il-12, Il-14, An-2, Yak-12 began to be used on airlines. In the 1950s, Tu-104, Tu-114, Il-18, and An-24 aircraft appeared in the Turkmen SSR’s fleet. Powerful airliners made it possible to connect Ashkhabad by air lines with the largest cities of the USSR, the capitals of the union republics.[5] In 1935, was opened Ashkhabad-Tashauz airline route.[5]

In the 1980s, the civil aviation of the Turkmen SSR had the Tu-154, Yak-40, Yak-42, An-24, An-26 aircraft. Ashkhabad Airport has modern radio and radar equipment that allows it to receive aircraft at any time of the day and under adverse weather conditions.[5]

In Soviet times, the airport was used exclusively for servicing flights within the USSR. Currently, in addition to the aircraft of the local airline fleet, the airport serves the planes of several foreign airlines of the world, performing both passenger and cargo flights.[citation needed]

Independent Turkmenistan

The former terminal from 1994 to 2013

The first modern airport terminal opened in 1994 with a capacity of 1,600 passengers per hour. In Soviet times, the airport was used exclusively for domestic flights.[citation needed]

As part of Saparmurat Niyazov's aspiration to transform Turkmenistan into 'the new Kuwait', he sought to construct a distinctive airport. This zeal resulted in the control tower being constructed on the wrong side of the runway. The 'gaudy new terminal' now blocked the view of air traffic controllers as they guided pilots. The builders warned him of this, however, he responded that, "It looks better this way."[6]

The building was dismantled in 2013.

Temporary Terminal-2

Temporary Ashgabat Airport Terminal-2 building

On 26 March 2014, was opened a small passenger Terminal-2.[7][8] The terminal is located on the site of a pre-existing Turkmen SSR airport (behind the bus station) on 2013 Street (Cosmonaut Boulevard). For the period of construction of the main passenger terminal the temporary terminal served passengers departing from and arriving to Ashgabat. After commissioning of the main terminal in 2016, the terminal was used for domestic routes and charter flights.[9] Currently used as a cargo storage facility.[10]

New building (2016)

Interior of the new terminal

The Turkmen government let an international tender in 2012 for reconstruction of the airport in Ashgabat, to be named "Oguz Han". Polimeks, a Turkish construction company active in Turkmenistan since the late-1990s, was declared winner of the tender. The new airport was opened on 17 September 2016 by President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow.[11] The project cost $2.3 billion (€1.7 billion) and features a highly unusual terminal design in the shape of a falcon. The new airport has capacity to serve 14 million passengers per year at a rate of 1,600 passengers per hour. The airport covers 350,000 m2 and includes a passenger terminal, VIP terminal, cargo terminal with capacity to handle 200,000 tonnes of freight per year, a new air traffic control tower (ATCT), a maintenance hangar for three narrow-body aircraft, new fueling stations, catering, fire brigade, flight simulation, repair and maintenance buildings, parking space for 3,000 cars, a civil aviation school as well as a medical center. The airport has also a second 3,800-meter long runway to serve wide-body, double-deck jet airliners such as the Airbus A380 and Boeing 747-8.[12]

Facilities

Airport check-in area

There are two artificial runways, equipped with the second category ILS and platform, enabling them to take aircraft of all types. All services of the airport work around the clock. The airport includes passenger waiting rooms, immigration, customs, border control, a 24-hour reference service, VIP and CIP rooms, a business club, a ticket office for (Turkmenistan Airlines), shops, bars, fast-food outlets, currency exchange, a new baggage handling conveyor system, international telephone, a mother and child room and the offices for (Star Alliance air carriers and Turkish Airlines).[citation needed]

Airlines and destinations

Ashgabat Airport.JPG
Boeing 737 in Ashgabat International Airport

Passenger

AirlinesDestinationsRefs
China Southern Airlines Ürümqi
flydubai Dubai–International[13]
S7 Airlines Moscow–Domodedovo[14]
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Turkmenistan Airlines Abu Dhabi,[15] Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi,[16][17] Beijing–Capital,[18] Daşoguz, Delhi,[19] Dubai–International, Frankfurt,[20] Ho Chi Minh City (begins 5 March 2024),[15] Istanbul, Jeddah,[21] Kazan, Kerki, Kuala Lumpur–International,[21] London–Heathrow,[22] Mary, Milan–Malpensa (begins 6 March 2024),[15] Moscow–Domodedovo,[23] Türkmenabat, Türkmenbaşy

Cargo

Cargo plane Antonov An-124 in Ashagbat Airport
AirlinesDestinationsRefs
Cargolux Budapest, Luxembourg, Taipei–Taoyuan [24]
Turkmenistan Airlines Cargo Abu Dhabi,[25] Daşoguz, Dubai–Al Maktoum, Frankfurt, Hanoi,[26][27] Istanbul,[25] Mary, Milan–Malpensa,[28] Moscow–Sheremetyevo,[29] Seoul–Incheon, Shenzhen,[28] Türkmenbaşy, Ürümqi [30][31]

Ground transportation

The airport is located near M37 highway and connect to them as a four-lane motorway. Terminal parking, short-term and long-term parking is available at the airport. Passengers driving their own cars can park in multilevel parking garages (mostly underground) along the terminal.[32]

Bus

There is regular bus service by bus line 1, 18, 22, 58 from the airport to Ashgabat city.[33] Complete list of local services is available at the Ashgabat passenger motor transport enterprise website.

Means of transport at Ashgabat Airport
Means of transport Operator Route Destinations Notes
Bus Bus Ashgabat passenger motor transport enterprise 1, 18, 22, 58

Taxi

There are Awtomobil Ulag Hyzmaty company offering services at Ashgabat Airport.[34]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Общая информация". caa.gov.tm.
  2. ^ "ASHGABAT INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT" (PDF).
  3. ^ "AIP". aviadocs.net. 7 February 2013. Archived from the original on 31 March 2013.
  4. ^ "Ещё больше транзитных рейсов в Таиланд из Казани". Kazan International Airport (in Turkmen).
  5. ^ a b c d e f g "История аэропорта" (in Turkmen).
  6. ^ Ghost Wars, Steve Coll; pg. 303 along with the corresponding footnote on pg. 627.
  7. ^ "В Ашхабаде открыт пассажирский терминал нового Международного аэропорта | Интернет-газета". Turkmenistan.Ru (in Turkmen).
  8. ^ "President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov attends the opening ceremony of a new terminal of the Ashgabat International Airport". Turkmenistan. 26 March 2014. Archived from the original on 24 May 2014. Retrieved 22 April 2014.
  9. ^ "Туркменистан: золотой век". Turkmenistan.gov.tm. Archived from the original on 12 August 2017. Retrieved 22 April 2014.
  10. ^ "Грузовой терминал международного Аэропорта АшхабадИнформация". Turkmenistan Airlines (in Turkmen).
  11. ^ "The President of Turkmenistan took part in the opening of new Ashgabat International Airport". Turkmenistan. The Golden Age. 17 September 2016. Archived from the original on 18 September 2016. Retrieved 17 September 2016.
  12. ^ "Türk firması Türkmenistan'da 2.25 milyar dolarlık ihale kazandı – Hürriyet EKONOMİ". Hurriyet.com.tr. 12 January 2013. Retrieved 22 April 2014.
  13. ^ "Стало известно расписание рейсов FlyDubai из ОАЭ в Туркменистан и обратно | Туризм". 30 June 2023.
  14. ^ "S7 Airlines flight schedule". S7 Airlines. Retrieved 20 June 2023.
  15. ^ a b c "Turkmenistan Airlines 1Q24 network additions". aeroroutes.com. 26 December 2023.
  16. ^ "Первый рейс Ашхабад-Бангкок". Türkmenistan Habarlar Portaly. 22 December 2023.
  17. ^ ""Airline Turkmenistan" Open Joint Stock Company informs you that from December 22, 2023, regular passenger flights will be operated on the route Ashgabat - Bangkok - Ashgabat with a frequency of 2 times a week". Turkmenistan Airline OJSC. Retrieved 9 December 2023.
  18. ^ "Стали известны цены на рейсы "Туркменских авиалиний" в Пекин и Лондон из Ашхабада | Туризм". 30 June 2023.
  19. ^ "TURKMENISTAN AIRLINES RESUMES DELHI SERVICE IN NS23". Aeroroutes. Retrieved 3 April 2023.
  20. ^ "Авиакомпания "Туркменистан" станет реже летать из Ашхабада во Франкфурт-на-Майне | Туризм". 30 June 2023.
  21. ^ a b "Turkmenistan Airlines Plans Jeddah / Kuala Lumpur Feb 2024 Launch". AeroRoutes. 8 January 2024. Retrieved 8 January 2024.
  22. ^ "Turkmenistan Airlines NW23 London Service Changes". AeroRoutes. 20 October 2023. Retrieved 20 October 2023.
  23. ^ ""Airline Turkmenistan" Open Joint Stock Company informs you that from December 15, 2023, regular passenger flights will be operated on the route Ashgabat – Moscow - Ashgabat". Turkmenistan Airline OJSC. Retrieved 11 December 2023.
  24. ^ "Cargolux Schedule Worldwide May 2023" (PDF). Cargolux. Retrieved 11 May 2023.
  25. ^ a b ""Туркменские авиалинии" открыли регулярные грузовые рейсы в Стамбул | Интернет-газета". Turkmenistan.Ru (in Turkmen).
  26. ^ ""Туркменские авиалинии" совершили первый грузовой рейс во Вьетнам на самолёте Airbus A330-200P2F". TurkmenPortal (in Turkmen). 24 April 2023. Archived from the original on 24 April 2023.
  27. ^ "Авиакомпания "Туркменистан" обеспечит грузовые перевозки между Вьетнамом и Великобританией". TurkmenPortal (in Turkmen). 22 May 2023. Archived from the original on 3 June 2023.
  28. ^ a b "Авиакомпания "Туркменистан" начинает грузовые перевозки в Милан и Шэньчжэнь". TurkmenPortal. Archived from the original on 29 September 2023.
  29. ^ "Шереметьево наградил пунктуальные и динамичные авиакомпании 2023 года // АвиаПорт.Новости".
  30. ^ "A CARGO SHIP OF "AIRBUS" COMPANY HAS ARRIVED IN TURKMENISTAN". Turkmenistan Airlines (Press release) (in Turkmen). 17 March 2023. Retrieved 20 June 2023.
  31. ^ "WELCOME CEREMONY OF THE SECOND CARGO AIRCRAFT AIRBUS 330-200 OF THE AGENCY "TURKMENHOVAELLARY" IN ASHGABAT INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT". Turkmenistan Airlines (Press release) (in Russian). 27 April 2023. Retrieved 20 June 2023.
  32. ^ "Парковка машин" (in Turkmen).
  33. ^ "Route | Automobile ministry of Turkmenistan".
  34. ^ "Taksi hyzmatlaryny onlaýn usulynda sargyt etmek".

External links

  • Official web-site
  • Accident history for ASB at Aviation Safety Network
  • Airport information for UTAA at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective October 2006).
  • Current weather for UTAA at NOAA/NWS
  • Ashgabat International Airport presentaion
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