Boldumsaz is located in Turkmenistan
Location in Turkmenistan
Coordinates: 42°08′N 59°40′E / 42.133°N 59.667°E / 42.133; 59.667
Country Turkmenistan
ProvinceDaşoguz Province
DistrictBoldumsaz District

Boldumsaz, formerly Kalinin and Voro’silovabad, is a city and capital of Boldumsaz District in the Daşoguz Province of Turkmenistan.


Scholars hold the name of the place to mean "Fortress in a Marshy Place"; a fortress, atop a square plateau, is visible from afar.[1]

Local people argue a different etymology infusing folk-lore.[1] The local Khan commissioned an architect to build the tallest minaret of the world at some place nearby but planned to execute him post-completion, lest he would replicate the designs elsewhere.[1] The architect got to know of this plan, used his resources to construct wings, and flew away from the minaret.[1] Landing at the fortress, he exclaimed the Turkmen equivalent of "Safe and Sound", which changed to the current name of the city with passage of time.[1]


The city has been identified with the medieval town of Nyzvar, which was sacked by Mongols; however, this identification has been contested.[1] During the Soviet period it was called Kalinin, in honor of Mikhail Kalinin.[2] It was renamed briefly Voro’shilovabad after Kliment Voroshilov.[2] On 5 May 1993, Presidential Decree No. 1327 assigned the present name.[3][4]


  1. ^ a b c d e f Brummell, Paul (2005). Turkmenistan. Bradt Travel Guides. p. 171. ISBN 978-1-84162-144-9.
  2. ^ a b Everett-Heath, John (2020-10-22), "Boldumsaz", Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names, Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-190563-6, retrieved 2021-10-18
  3. ^ Landau, Jacob M.; Kellner-Heinkele, Barbara (2001). "Lexcial and Orthographic Intervention". Politics of Language in the Ex-Soviet Muslim States: Azerbayjan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan. Hurst. p. 163. ISBN 978-1-85065-442-1.
  4. ^ "ПОСТАНОВЛЕНИЕ ПРЕЗИДЕНТА ТУРКМЕНИСТАНА о некоторых вопросах административно-территориальных образований" (PDF) (in Russian). Government of Turkmenistan. 5 May 1993.
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