Seýdi

Seýdi
Neftezavodsk, Cyrillic Russian Нефтезаводск
City
Seýdi is located in Turkmenistan
Seýdi
Seýdi
Coordinates: 39°25′N 62°54′E / 39.417°N 62.900°E / 39.417; 62.900
Country Turkmenistan
ProvinceLebap Province
DistrictDänew District
Population
 (2010)
 • Total21,160
Time zoneUTC+5
Area code(+993-446)

Seýdi, formerly Neftezavodsk, is a city in Dänew District, Lebap Province, Turkmenistan.[1]

Etymology

Neftezavodsk derives from two Russian words — neft (нефть; oil) and zavod (завод; factory).

History

The city was founded in 1973 with construction of the oil refinery; acc. to Russian census data, it was categorized as a "town of urban type".[2] On 23 August 1990, it was upgraded to city, and renamed Seýdi in honor of Turkmen poet Seýitnazar Seýdi.[3]

On 25 November 2017, Seýdi was downgraded from a city with "district status" to a city "in a district" (i.e., subordinate to the district government).[4]

Geography

Seýdi lies on the edge of the Transuguz Desert, 70 kilometers NW of Türkmenabat on the left bank of the Amu Darya.

Economy

The lifeline of the city remains the Seydi refinery, which was built during the late Soviet period to process oil, piped from Siberia; it remains one of Turkmenistan's only two oil refineries.[1] Since the collapse of Soviet Union, the Seydi refinery has been reintegrated with the Kokdumalak, Yashyldepe, Yoloten, and Kerwen oil-fields.[1][5][6] The unit processed about half a million tonne of oil in 2020; among the products were gasoline, asphalt, and diesel.[7][8]

The city houses the headquarters of the Amudarya State Nature Reserve, including a museum.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c d Brummell, Paul (2005). Turkmenistan. Bradt Travel Guides. pp. 192–193. ISBN 978-1-84162-144-9.
  2. ^ "Нефтезаводск". Great Soviet Encyclopedia.
  3. ^ Всемирный исторический проект. Лебапский велаят Archived 2009-07-28 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "Парламент Туркменистана внёс изменения в административно-территориальное деление Лебапского велаята". Информационный портал Туркменистана «Turkmenportal» (in Russian). 28 November 2017. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
  5. ^ "В Туркменистане построят современные газохимические комплексы" (in Russian). Neftegaz.ru. 3 December 2012.
  6. ^ "Туркменистан в Каракумах ввел в эксплуатацию очередное газоконденсатное месторождение Кервен. После 2009 г это первый успех туркменских газовиков" (in Russian). Neftegaz.ru. 11 March 2012.
  7. ^ "Seydi Oil Refinery Processes 135.5 Thousand Tons of Oil". Business Turkmenistan. April 20, 2020.
  8. ^ "Seydi Oil Refinery Processes Around 441.2 Thousand Tons of Oil". Business Turkmenistan. December 16, 2020.
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