Esenguly

Esenguly
Hasan-Kuly, Gasan-Kuli
Esenguly is located in Turkmenistan
Esenguly
Esenguly
Location in Turkmenistan
Coordinates: 37°28′0″N 53°58′0″E / 37.46667°N 53.96667°E / 37.46667; 53.96667
Country Turkmenistan
ProvinceBalkan Province
DistrictEsenguly District
Elevation
−22 m (−72 ft)
Population
 (1989)[1]
 • Total5,823

Esenguly (formerly Hasan-Kuly, romanized Russian Gasan-Kuli) is a city in and administrative center of Esenguly District, Balkan Province, Turkmenistan. In 1989 its population was 5,823.[1]

Etymology

The name is of obscure origin. A clan of that name, part of the Yomud tribe, exists, but local elders have stated the name is of a long-dead person.[2]

Geography

Esenguly lies on a flat, barren plain, just off the coast of the Caspian Sea. The city lies at around 22 metres (72 ft) below mean sea level.

Climate

Esenguly has a desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWk), with cool winters and hot summers. Temperatures are not as extreme as other parts of Turkmenistan due to the town's proximity to the Caspian Sea. Precipitation is low, but is highest in winter and lowest in summer.

Climate data for Esenguly
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 28.3
(82.9)
30.2
(86.4)
35.0
(95.0)
39.1
(102.4)
44.1
(111.4)
46.5
(115.7)
43.7
(110.7)
44.6
(112.3)
44.8
(112.6)
37.8
(100.0)
35.5
(95.9)
29.6
(85.3)
46.5
(115.7)
Average high °C (°F) 10.8
(51.4)
12.0
(53.6)
14.7
(58.5)
20.5
(68.9)
25.5
(77.9)
28.9
(84.0)
30.8
(87.4)
31.3
(88.3)
29.0
(84.2)
24.2
(75.6)
18.0
(64.4)
12.6
(54.7)
21.5
(70.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.6
(40.3)
5.7
(42.3)
8.9
(48.0)
14.6
(58.3)
20.2
(68.4)
24.4
(75.9)
27.1
(80.8)
27.4
(81.3)
23.9
(75.0)
17.5
(63.5)
11.2
(52.2)
6.4
(43.5)
16.0
(60.8)
Average low °C (°F) 0.1
(32.2)
1.1
(34.0)
4.5
(40.1)
10.0
(50.0)
15.4
(59.7)
20.0
(68.0)
23.6
(74.5)
23.7
(74.7)
18.9
(66.0)
11.9
(53.4)
6.0
(42.8)
1.8
(35.2)
11.4
(52.6)
Record low °C (°F) −17.9
(−0.2)
−12.3
(9.9)
−9.1
(15.6)
−1.2
(29.8)
5.5
(41.9)
9.2
(48.6)
12.8
(55.0)
13.3
(55.9)
3.7
(38.7)
0.0
(32.0)
−9.3
(15.3)
−16.4
(2.5)
−17.9
(−0.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 21.5
(0.85)
20.3
(0.80)
30.7
(1.21)
19.0
(0.75)
12.6
(0.50)
7.2
(0.28)
8.1
(0.32)
7.8
(0.31)
12.1
(0.48)
24.2
(0.95)
24.8
(0.98)
25.5
(1.00)
213.8
(8.43)
Average precipitation days 5.1 5.0 4.4 3.5 1.0 0.9 0.8 1.1 1.2 2.7 5.0 5.7 36.4
Average relative humidity (%) 79.6 77.1 74.0 72.0 69.2 68.5 69.9 69.1 65.8 68.0 74.6 80.8 72.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 154.1 157.8 166.6 204.8 269.9 315.8 311.5 294.5 249.1 220.8 181.9 151.3 2,678.1
Source 1: climatebase.ru[3]
Source 2: NOAA (sun only, 1961-1990)[4]

Transportation

A road leads north to Çekişler and Ekarem. Route P-16 connects these towns to Gumdag. Another road to the east connects the town to Ajiyap, Çaloýuk, Garadegiş and Akyayla, from which route P-15 leads to Etrek and Magtymguly, and also to Serdar.

References

  1. ^ a b Population census 1989 Archived 2012-01-18 at the Wayback Machine, Demoscope Weekly, No. 359-360, 1-18 January 2009 (search for Туркменская ССР) (in Russian)
  2. ^ Atanyýazow, Soltanşa (1980). Түркменистаның Географик Атларының Дүшүндиришли Сөзлүги [Explanatory Dictionary of Geographic Names in Turkmenistan]. Ashgabat: Ылым. p. 327.
  3. ^ "Esenguly, Russia". Climatebase.ru. Retrieved 9 February 2013.
  4. ^ "Climate Normals for Esenguly". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 9 February 2013.

Coordinates: 37°28′N 53°58′E / 37.467°N 53.967°E / 37.467; 53.967

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