Anau, Turkmenistan

Anau
Änew
Anau is located in Turkmenistan
Anau
Anau
Location in Turkmenistan
Coordinates: 37°53′N 58°32′E / 37.883°N 58.533°E / 37.883; 58.533
CountryFlag of Turkmenistan.svg Turkmenistan
ProvinceAhal Province
DistrictAk bugdaý District
Population
 (1989 census)[1]
 • Total30,000
Mosque in Anau. By K. Mishin, 1902; Museum of Fine Art in Ashgabat
Photo of the White Wheat Museum in Anau, Ahal, Turkmenistan, behind a statue of Saparmurad Niyazov, first president of Turkmenistan

Anau (also spelled Annau, Turkmen: Änew) is a city in Turkmenistan. It is the capital of Ahal Province and is 8 km southeast of Ashgabat, to which it is connected via the M37 highway.

Etymology

The name Anau derives from Persian Âbe nav (آب نو), meaning "fresh water".[2]

Overview

In 2003, the city built a new stadium, and in 2005 the National White Wheat Museum to house artifacts recovered from the area.[3]

Archaeology

Compartmented seals of eagle, monkey, and goddess, Turkmenistan or northeast Iran, early Bronze Age, c. 2200-1800 BC, bronze - Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

The Chalcolithic Anau culture dates back to 4500 BC, following the Neolithic Jeitun culture in the cultural sequence of southern Turkmenistan.[4]

Anau was excavated by a joint Turkmen-U.S. archaeological expedition in the 1990s and 2000s.[5] Anau was a stopping point along the ancient Silk Road. Fine painted pottery is found here.

Notable people

References

  1. ^ Population census 2017 Archived 2012-01-18 at the Wayback Machine, Demoscope Weekly, No. 359-360, 1–18 January 2009 (search for Туркменская ССР) (in Russian)
  2. ^ Atanyýazow, Soltanşa (1980). Түркменистаның Географик Атларының Дүшүндиришли Сөзлүги [Explanatory Dictionary of Geographic Names in Turkmenistan]. Ashgabat: Ylym. pp. 329–330.
  3. ^ Picture of Museum, at the site where the earliest settlement was located - pinterest.com
  4. ^ Kurbanov, Aydogdy (2018-09-14). "A brief history of archaeological research in Turkmenistan from the beginning of the 20th century until the present". ArchéOrient-Le Blog (in French). Archived from the original on 2020-07-26. Retrieved 2020-05-23.
  5. ^ AYDOGDY KURBANOV (2018), A brief history of archaeological research in Turkmenistan from the beginning of the 20th century until the present.

External links

  • ANAW (Anau) iranicaonline.org

Coordinates: 37°53′N 58°32′E / 37.883°N 58.533°E / 37.883; 58.533

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