Anau, Turkmenistan

Anau is located in Turkmenistan
Location in Turkmenistan
Coordinates: 37°53′N 58°32′E / 37.883°N 58.533°E / 37.883; 58.533
CountryFlag of Turkmenistan.svg Turkmenistan
ProvinceAhal Province
DistrictAk bugdaý District
 (1989 census)[1]
 • Total30,000
Mosque in Anau. By K. Mishin, 1902; Museum of Fine Art in Ashgabat
Photo of the White Wheat Museum in Anau, Ahal, Turkmenistan, behind a statue of Saparmurad Niyazov, first president of Turkmenistan

Anau (Turkmen: Änew) is a city in Turkmenistan. Until 20 December 2022 it was the capital of Ahal Province.[2] It is situated 8 km southeast of Ashgabat, to which it is connected via the M37 highway.


The name Anau derives from Persian Âbe nav (آب نو), meaning "fresh water".[3]


The city built a new stadium in 2003 and the National White Wheat Museum in 2005 to house artifacts recovered from the area.[4]

The city was designated "Cultural Capital of the Turkic World" for 2024 at the 39th session of the Permanent Council of Ministers of Culture of TURKSOY.[5][6]


Compartmented seals of eagle, monkey, and goddess, Turkmenistan or northeast Iran, early Bronze Age, c. 2200-1800 BC, bronze - Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

The Chalcolithic Anau culture dates to 4500 BC, following the Neolithic Jeitun culture in the cultural sequence of southern Turkmenistan.[7]

Anau was excavated by a joint Turkmen-U.S. archaeological expedition in the 1990s and 2000s.[7] Anau was a stopping point along the ancient Silk Road. Fine painted pottery is found here.

Notable people


  1. ^ Population census 2017 Archived 2012-01-18 at the Wayback Machine, Demoscope Weekly, No. 359-360, 1–18 January 2009 (search for Туркменская ССР) (in Russian)
  2. ^ "Постановление Меджлиса Милли Генгеша Туркменистана об отнесении к категории города нового современного административного центра Ахалского велаята и присвоении ему наименования" (in Russian). Электронная газета «Золотой век». 21 December 2022.
  3. ^ Atanyýazow, Soltanşa (1980). Түркменистаның Географик Атларының Дүшүндиришли Сөзлүги [Explanatory Dictionary of Geographic Names in Turkmenistan]. Ashgabat: Ylym. pp. 329–330.
  4. ^ Picture of Museum, at the site where the earliest settlement was located -
  5. ^ "Änew şäheri – türki dünýäsiniň medeni paýtagty boldy". TÜRKMENISTAN WE DÜNÝÄ HABARLARY (in Turkmen). 2022-11-05. Retrieved 2022-12-18.
  6. ^ Nyýazmämedow, Çerkez (26 December 2022). "Новый облик древнего города" (in Russian). Нейтральный туркменистан.
  7. ^ a b Kurbanov, Aydogdy (2018-09-14). "A brief history of archaeological research in Turkmenistan from the beginning of the 20th century until the present". ArchéOrient-Le Blog (in French). Archived from the original on 2020-07-26. Retrieved 2020-05-23.

External links

  • ANAW (Anau)
37°53′N 58°32′E / 37.883°N 58.533°E / 37.883; 58.533
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