Régina

Régina
A view of the Approuague from Regina
A view of the Approuague from Regina
Location of the commune (in red) within French Guiana
Location of the commune (in red) within French Guiana
Location of Régina
Coordinates: 4°18′42″N 52°08′13″W / 4.3116°N 52.137°W / 4.3116; -52.137Coordinates: 4°18′42″N 52°08′13″W / 4.3116°N 52.137°W / 4.3116; -52.137
CountryFrance
Overseas region and departmentFrench Guiana
ArrondissementCayenne
IntercommunalityEst Guyanais
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Pierre Désert[1]
Area
1
12,130 km2 (4,680 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[2]
854
 • Density0.070/km2 (0.18/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−03:00
INSEE/Postal code
97301 /97390
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Régina is a commune of French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America. With a land area of 12,130 km2 (4,680 sq mi), it is the second-largest commune of France.[3] The town is named after the first merchant who settled in the area.[4]

Overview

Régina lies on the Approuague River. In former times it was a gold mining centre.[5] During the 1870s, it was home to several thousand people.[4]

Guisanbourg was founded in April 1832 as the administrative centre. After the discovery gold, Régina became more important. In 1936, Régina became the capital of the commune.[5] In the 1980s, Guisanbourg became a ghost town.[5]

Villages

Transport

Following the construction of a bridge over the Approuague River in 2003, an asphalted road from Régina to Saint-Georges de l'Oyapock (a town by the Brazilian border) was opened in 2004, completing the road from Cayenne (the préfecture and largest city of French Guiana) to the Brazilian border. It is now possible to drive on a fully paved road from Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni on the Surinamese border to Oiapoque, Brazil.[6]

Nature

The Nouragues Nature Reserve is located near the town. The reserve was created in 1996, and covers 76,000 hectares.[7]

In 1998, the Kaw-Roura Marshland Nature Reserve was established, and covers an area of 94,700 hectares between Roura and Régina,[8] and is sometimes nicknamed "the Everglades of Guyana".[9]

The Petite Montagnes Tortue Biological Reserve is located the commune. It is mountain range of quartz mountains which are home to many rare or endemic plants.[10]

Climate

Régina has a tropical rainforest climate (Köppen Af) with heavy to very heavy rainfall year-round.

Climate data for Régina
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28.8
(83.8)
28.7
(83.7)
29.5
(85.1)
29.3
(84.7)
29.2
(84.6)
29.8
(85.6)
30.4
(86.7)
31.5
(88.7)
32.1
(89.8)
32.2
(90.0)
31.6
(88.9)
29.7
(85.5)
30.2
(86.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.4
(77.7)
25.3
(77.5)
25.8
(78.4)
25.8
(78.4)
25.7
(78.3)
25.7
(78.3)
25.8
(78.4)
26.3
(79.3)
26.5
(79.7)
26.4
(79.5)
26.4
(79.5)
25.6
(78.1)
25.9
(78.6)
Average low °C (°F) 22.0
(71.6)
22.0
(71.6)
22.2
(72.0)
22.4
(72.3)
22.3
(72.1)
21.6
(70.9)
21.2
(70.2)
21.2
(70.2)
21.0
(69.8)
20.7
(69.3)
21.2
(70.2)
21.6
(70.9)
21.6
(70.9)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 430
(16.9)
354
(13.9)
367
(14.4)
409
(16.1)
567
(22.3)
434
(17.1)
250
(9.8)
167
(6.6)
97
(3.8)
107
(4.2)
193
(7.6)
369
(14.5)
3,744
(147.2)
Source: Climate-Data.org[11]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires" (in French). data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises. 4 May 2022.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. ^ "Villes de plus grande taille, superficie, surface - toutes-les-villes" (in French). 2013. Archived from the original on 2013-03-02. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  4. ^ a b "Guide Régina". Petite Futé (in French). Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  5. ^ a b c "Guizanbourg: Un village au confluent des temps". Une Saison en Guyane (in French). Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  6. ^ "Le secteur des transports dans les DCOM (Page 37)". Study Lib.fr (in French). Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  7. ^ "Décret n°96-491 du 6 juin 1996 portant création de la réserve naturelle de La Trinité (Guyane)". Government of the French Republic (in French). 6 June 1996. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  8. ^ "KAW-ROURA MARSHLANDS NATURE RESERVE". Petit Futé (in French). Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  9. ^ "Guide Kaw". Petit Futé (in French). Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  10. ^ "Réserve Biologique Intégrale des Petites Montagnes Tortue". Conservatoire d’Espaces Naturels de Guyane (in French). 18 June 2018. Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  11. ^ "Climate: Régina". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved August 13, 2020.

External links

  • Régina at Annuaire Mairie (in French)
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Régina&oldid=1110413090"