Roura

Roura
Roura as seen from the Oyak River
Roura as seen from the Oyak River
Coat of arms of Roura
Location of the commune (in red) within French Guiana
Location of the commune (in red) within French Guiana
Location of Roura
Coordinates: 4°43′27″N 52°19′17″W / 4.7242°N 52.3215°W / 4.7242; -52.3215Coordinates: 4°43′27″N 52°19′17″W / 4.7242°N 52.3215°W / 4.7242; -52.3215
CountryFrance
Overseas region and departmentFrench Guiana
ArrondissementCayenne
IntercommunalityCA Centre Littoral
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Jean-Claude Labrador
Area
1
3,902.5 km2 (1,506.8 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[1]
3,458
 • Density0.89/km2 (2.3/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−03:00
INSEE/Postal code
97310 /97311
Elevation0–462 m (0–1,516 ft)
(avg. 231 m or 758 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Roura is a commune of French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America. The city of Roura is bordered by Matoury and Montsinéry-Tonnegrande in the North, Kourou and Saint-Elie in the North West and West, and finally by Régina in the South and East.[2]

History

The town of Roura was founded in 1675 by Jesuits. In 1786, Marquis de Lafayette attempted an early emancipation of the slaves by allowing small scale agriculture on the savanna Gabriel near Roury. The experiment failed, and was abandoned in 1796.[3] Between 1809 and 1817, Roura was captured by the Portuguese and part of Brazil. In 1848, slavery was abolished.[4]

Cacao is a village of Hmong farmers. The population were refugees from Laos who were resettled in French Guiana in[5] 1977[6] The reasoning was that living, and working conditions were similar to their native land.[7]

Roads

Road to Kaw and the Kaw-Roura Marshland

The city of Roura is home to 2 main roads.

  • The RD6 road leads to the landing stage of Kaw. This 70-kilometre-long (43 mi) road follows a thalweg through the primal forest.[8]
  • The RN2 road leads to towns of Régina and Saint-Georges.[9]

Nature

In 1998, the Kaw-Roura Marshland Nature Reserve was established, and covers an area of 94,700 hectares between Roura and Régina,[10] and is sometimes nicknamed "the Everglades of Guyana".[11]

The Trésor Regional Nature Reserve is a 2,464 hectares nature reserve[12] situated on the flank of the Kaw Mountain.[13] It became a protected area in 2010.[12]

Villages

See also

References

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  2. ^ "City of Roura". Map France (in French). Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  3. ^ "Vestiges archéologiques". Roura.gf (in French). Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  4. ^ "Histoire de la commune". Roura.gf (in French). Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  5. ^ "Cacao: an authentic Hmong village". Air France. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  6. ^ "Bourg de Cacao". Roura.gf via Wikimix (in French). Archived from the original on August 3, 2020. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  7. ^ "Des Hmongs en Guyane". ANAI Asso.org (National Association of Elders and Friends of Indochina) (in French). Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  8. ^ "Etude de la biodiversité et des paysages dans le cadre de l'aménagement et l'entretien de la route RD6, communes de Roura et Régina, Guyane" (PDF). Reserves Naturelles (in French). Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  9. ^ "Prudence, nouveau glissement de terrain sur la RN2 à 40 kilomètres de l'intersection de Cacao". Guyane, la Première (in French). Retrieved 31 May 2020.
  10. ^ "KAW-ROURA MARSHLANDS NATURE RESERVE". Petit Futé (in French). Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  11. ^ "Guide Kaw". Petit Futé (in French). Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  12. ^ a b "FR9300073 - Trésor". Inventaire National du Patrimoine Nature (in French). Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  13. ^ "Présentation". Reserve Tresor (in French). Retrieved 16 March 2021.

External links

  • Official website of the commune (in French)
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