Macouria

Macouria
View of the Church of Saint-Jean-Baptiste of Tonate, along the RN1 road
View of the Church of Saint-Jean-Baptiste of Tonate, along the RN1 road
Location of the commune (in red) within French Guiana
Location of the commune (in red) within French Guiana
Location of Macouria
Coordinates: 5°00′50″N 52°28′27″W / 5.0139°N 52.4742°W / 5.0139; -52.4742Coordinates: 5°00′50″N 52°28′27″W / 5.0139°N 52.4742°W / 5.0139; -52.4742
CountryFrance
Overseas region and departmentFrench Guiana
ArrondissementCayenne
IntercommunalityCA Centre Littoral
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Gilles Adelson[1]
Area
1
377.5 km2 (145.8 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[2]
16,219
 • Density43/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−03:00
INSEE/Postal code
97305 /97355
Elevation0–183 m (0–600 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Macouria is a commune of French Guiana located midway between Cayenne and Kourou, an overseas region and department of France located in South America. The seat of the commune is the settlement of Tonate, and so the commune is also known unofficially as Macouria-Tonate.[3] The French Guiana Zoo is located in the commune.[4]

Geography

Macouria is one of the smallest cities of French Guiana. The town is separated in the east with Matoury, by the Larivot Bridge, crossing the Cayenne River. Its southern limit is marked by the Montsinéry River, which is a separation with the eponymous city. Westward there is Kourou and in the north the town is the Atlantic Ocean.

Urbanization

The population is mainly located south and along the national road RN1 because of 2 km wide mangrove swamp situated in the North.

  • From the Larivot bridge to the town centre, on approximately 28 km, there are many villages.
  • From the town center to Kourou, there are few inhabitants except in the farming areas of "La Césarée" and "Matiti".

The main inhabited zones are:

  • Maillard : a neighborhood which will host 600 houses on the long run organized around the blue lake, which is a former quarry.
  • Soula : located in the East of the town not far away from Cayenne.
  • Matiti: situated 10 km after the town centre, it is based on land given back by the Guiana Space Centre.

History

The area was first described in 1604 by Daniel de La Touche de La Ravardière. He counted many Amerindian settlements.[5] Around 1716, the commune was settled with plantations. Tonat build the first house and cotton mill.[6]

In the middle of the 19th century, Macouria was part of the canton of Cayenne. 1488 slaves stood for 93% of the population of the "neighborhood" led by Jean-Baptiste Tonat. They worked in a plantation called "La Béarnaise". On it, there were :

  • 25 ha of sugar cane
  • 8 ha of cofe
  • 60 ha of roucou
  • 1100 ha of cotton

In tribute to the leader of the neighbourhood Tonat, the zone was called "Tonate Bourg" and given to the state.

In 1848, year of the abolition of slavery some free Africans and 55 Indian migrants arrived in the city. From 1864 to 1970 the population decreased, mainly because of the lack of activity on it.

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1967 384—    
1974 490+3.54%
1982 446−1.17%
1990 2,069+21.14%
1999 5,050+10.42%
2007 8,191+6.23%
2012 10,358+4.81%
2017 14,202+6.52%
Source: INSEE[7]

Sights

The French Guiana Zoo is located in Macouria on the road to Montsinéry.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. ^ "MACOURIA TONATE". Le CodePostal (in French). Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  4. ^ a b "Zoo de Montsinéry". Montsinery-Tonnegrande (in French). Retrieved 18 March 2021.
  5. ^ "Histoire de Macouria". Macouria.fr (in French). Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  6. ^ "Guide Macouria". Petit Futé (in French). Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  7. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE

External links

  • Official site (in French)
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