Matoury

Matoury
A view of the port of Larivot in Matoury
A view of the port of Larivot in Matoury
Flag of Matoury
Location of the commune (in red) within French Guiana
Location of the commune (in red) within French Guiana
Location of Matoury
Coordinates: 4°50′50″N 52°19′52″W / 4.8472°N 52.3311°W / 4.8472; -52.3311Coordinates: 4°50′50″N 52°19′52″W / 4.8472°N 52.3311°W / 4.8472; -52.3311
CountryFrance
Overseas region and departmentFrench Guiana
ArrondissementCayenne
IntercommunalityCA Centre Littoral
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Serge Smock[1]
Area
1
137.19 km2 (52.97 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[2]
33,458
 • Density240/km2 (630/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−03:00
INSEE/Postal code
97307 /97351
Elevation0–234 m (0–768 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Matoury is a commune of French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America.

Matoury is a southern suburb of Cayenne, the préfecture and largest city of French Guiana. Cayenne – Félix Eboué Airport, the main international airport of French Guiana, is located in the commune of Matoury.

Air Guyane Express has its head office on the grounds of the airport.[3]

Geography

Location

Matoury is located in French Guiana situated in South America. It is bordered by 5 communes:

The city used to be called "Tour de l'Isle" because it is bordered by water :

  • Fouillé inlet ( in French "Crique Fouillée") is the limit both with Cayenne and Rémire-Montjoly
  • The river Mahury and the southern part of the river Tour de l'Île are the border with Roura
  • The Northern part of the river Tour de l'Île and the southern part of the Cayenne river are the boundary with Montsinéry-Tonnegrande
  • The Northern part of the Cayenne river is the limit with Macouria

Town planning

The town planning of Matoury is very uneven. Outside the town-centre there are some urbanized areas along the road leading to Cayenne, Macouria and Cayenne – Félix Eboué Airport. PROGT, the professional lyceum in Balata is surrounded by forests. The city is urbanizing quickly as a suburb of Cayenne

The main neighbourhoods of Matoury are:

  • Copaya and Barbadine in the town-centre
  • Concorde near the Félix Eboué airport
  • Larivot next to the Larivot harbour
  • Chemin de la Levée
  • Stoupan and Degrad on the river Mahury
  • Sainte-Rose-de-Lima
  • Balata
  • Cogneau-Larivot
  • La Chaumière

Population

The commune of Matoury experienced a rapid suburbanisation in the late 20th century, and grew from 567 people in 1967 to 31,956 in 2017.[4]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1961 517—    
1967 567+1.55%
1974 1,133+10.40%
1982 2,532+10.57%
1990 10,152+18.96%
1999 18,032+6.59%
2007 24,893+4.11%
2012 29,712+3.60%
2017 31,956+1.47%
Source: SPLAF[5] and INSEE (1967-2017)[4]

Matoury is a cosmopolitan town. It is home to Amerindians (located in Sainte-Rose-de-Lima, Cécilia and Petit-la-Chaumière), to Afro–French Guianans, Metropolitans, Haïtians, Brazilians, Surinamese, Javanese, Chinese, Maroon and people from British West Indies such as Saint Lucia.

History

In 1838, during the colonial era, the District of Matoury was the third of the French Guiana colony thanks to its large and diversely cultivated areas. The main productions were sugarcane, cotton, clove, achiote and pepper.

Matoury is also home to remains of the past:

  • The Trio fort situated in the Levée location was designed by Vauban and was used to protect the Cayenne Isle, conjointly with the Cépérou and Diamant forts (in Cayenne and Rémire-Montjoly).
  • The Macaye-Duchassis habitation which used to be a cacao and sugar plantation|
  • The Lamirande manufacture in Lamirande, next to the PROGT, which used produced sugar and rum between 1927 and 1950.

Administration

Town hall of Matoury.

Gabriel Serville was Mayor of the city between 2014 and 2020, and deputy to the French National Assembly since 2012.

Nature

The Mirande trail is located in Matoury. The trail gives access to the Mont Grand Matoury Nature Reserve on the eponymous mountain.[6]

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. ^ "Directory: World airlines." Flight International. 16–22 March 2004. 65.
  4. ^ a b Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  5. ^ SPLAF (Site sur la Population et les Limites Administratives de la France). "Agglomérations et villes de la Guyane". Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  6. ^ "Guide Matoury". Petit Futé (in French). Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  7. ^ "Éric Alex". National Football Teams. Retrieved 16 March 2021.

External links

  • Official site (in French)
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