|Overseas region and department||French Guiana|
|Intercommunality||CA Centre Littoral|
|• Mayor (2020–2026)||Patrick Lecante|
|634 km2 (245 sq mi)|
|• Density||5.0/km2 (13/sq mi)|
|Elevation||0–112 m (0–367 ft)|
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
Montsinéry-Tonnegrande (French pronunciation: [mɔ̃sineʁi tɔneɡʁɑ̃d]; often unofficially spelled Montsinéry-Tonnégrande; French Guianese Creole: Mousinéri-Tonnégrann) is a commune of French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America.
Montsinéry-Tonnegrande is to the south-west of Cayenne. It contains a botanical garden, and various walking trails. Prison of the Annamites, an internment camp for Indochinese prisoners, was located 38 km outside of town, and connected with a railroad. The camp was in operation between 1931 and 1944.
The commune was previously known as Tonnegrande-Montsinéry, but on 27 March 1969 the name was officially changed into Montsinéry-Tonnegrande.
The city has 2 population centres spaced by 22 km:
Montsinéry is surrounded by rivers and inundated fields. It is located at the convergence of Timouthou and Montsinéry rivers. Life is peaceful in this burg. Tonnegrande, located on the right border of the Tonnegrande River is also peaceful.
Montsinéry-Tonnegrande used to be occupied by settlers. They used to run the sugar cane industry and to farm a spices plantation. Amerindians are also present in the city.
The 2 burgs developed with creole houses. In 1836, the population was made up of 1102 slaves and 167 free inhabitants feeding mainly on fishing. In 1878, Montsinnéry and Tonnegrande were gathered in a single municipal entity. In 1941 the Montsinnéry-Tonnegrande city was officially created.
Montsinéry-Tonnegrande is also known for its prisons. Indeed, in 1848, a first penitentiary was built and then closed at the end of the 19th century.
In 1931, a new prison was built, called "Bagne des Anamites", in order to receive Indochinese opponents to the French presence in Indochina. The prisoners men performed manual work and built in particular the railroad into the interior. In December 1944, the camp was closed.
Montsinéry is home to a shortwave transmission facility operated by the TDF Group that is designed to target listeners in the Americas and West Africa. The site is capable of DRM digital shortwave transmissions. An image of the rotatable curtain array antenna in Montsinéry can be found by searching Flickr for "Montsinery antenne". One of their broadcasting frequencies is the 7335 kHz slot that CHU (Canada) recently abandoned.
Voice of Russia began transmitting to North America from Montsinéry — its first transmissions from the western hemisphere since the early 1990s (it previously broadcast from Havana).
The transmitter site shut down in 2013 due to lack of listeners.
Montsinéry is the only place in French Guiana where you can find oysters. It is also an eco tourism location offering water bikes on the river and horse rides.
- "Répertoire national des élus: les maires" (in French). data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises. 4 May 2022.
- "Populations légales 2020". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2022.
- "IONOPSIS - LE JARDIN BOIS DE ROSE". Petit Futé (in French).
- "Prison Railways in French Guiana, 2014". International Steam. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
- "Visitez les vestiges du Bagne des Annamites". Jumbo Car (in French). Retrieved 25 March 2021.
- Donet-Vincent, Danielle (2001). "Les "bagnes" des Indochinois en Guyane (1931-1963)". Persée. Outre-Mers. Revue d'histoire (in French). p. 220.
- "Guite Montsinéry-Tonnegrande". Petit Futé (in French). Retrieved 2 July 2020.
- Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
- "Montsinéry transmitter site in French Guiana to close early April". France Guyane via Swling. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
- Official site (in French)