Karmia

Karmia
כרמיה
كرميا
קיבוץ כרמיה, מ.א חוף אשקלון.JPG
Karmia is located in Ashkelon region of Israel
Karmia
Karmia
Coordinates: 31°36′15″N 34°32′33″E / 31.60417°N 34.54250°E / 31.60417; 34.54250Coordinates: 31°36′15″N 34°32′33″E / 31.60417°N 34.54250°E / 31.60417; 34.54250
CountryIsrael
DistrictSouthern
CouncilHof Ashkelon
AffiliationKibbutz Movement
Founded20 May 1950
Founded byFrench and Tunisian Hashomer Hatzair members
Population
 (2019)
650[1]

Karmia (Hebrew: כַּרְמִיָּה) is a kibbutz in southern Israel. Located between Ashkelon and the Gaza Strip, it falls under the jurisdiction of Hof Ashkelon Regional Council. In 2019 it had a population of 650.[1]

History

Kibbutz Karmia was established on 20 May 1950 by a Nahal gar'in of Hashomer Hatzair members from France and Tunisia who had been trained in Beit Zera. It was established on the land the Palestinian village of Hiribya, which was depopulated during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War.[2] Its name is derived from the Hebrew for vineyard (Hebrew: כרם, Kerem), which were common in the area.

In 1972 a blanket factory was established in the kibbutz.[citation needed]

The kibbutz absorbed 54 families from Elei Sinai and Nisanit, which were evacuated as part of the disengagement plan.[3] Since 2006 it has been repeatedly hit by Qassam rockets fired from the Gaza Strip, including one that landed on its football pitch, and another Qassam rocket that landed inside a house and injured 3 people severely in 2005.[citation needed]

References

  1. ^ a b "Population in the Localities 2019" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  2. ^ Khalidi, Walid (1992). All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies. p. 102. ISBN 0-88728-224-5.
  3. ^ Evacuees: First we were expelled, now we're abandoned[permanent dead link] The Jerusalem Post, 8 February 2006
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