Nitzanim

Nitzanim
נִצָּנִים, ניצנים
Nitzanim Palace (2).jpg
Nitzanim is located in Ashkelon region of Israel
Nitzanim
Nitzanim
Coordinates: 31°43′0″N 34°38′2″E / 31.71667°N 34.63389°E / 31.71667; 34.63389Coordinates: 31°43′0″N 34°38′2″E / 31.71667°N 34.63389°E / 31.71667; 34.63389
CountryIsrael
DistrictSouthern
CouncilHof Ashkelon
AffiliationHaOved HaTzioni
Founded1943
Founded byHolocaust survivors
Population
 (2019)[1]
421
Websitewww.knitzanim.com

Nitzanim (Hebrew: נִצָּנִים, lit. Flower buds) is a kibbutz in southern Israel. Located between Ashkelon and Ashdod on the Nitzanim dunes, it falls under the jurisdiction of Hof Ashkelon Regional Council. In 2019 it had a population of 421.[1]

History

Nitzanim was established on 8 December 1943 on an 400-acre plot of land purchased by the Jewish National Fund in 1942. On the grounds was a large building that became known as the "mansion."[2] The first residents were new immigrants, some of them Holocaust survivors.

The kibbutz was bombarded and captured by the Egyptian army during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War in the Battle of Nitzanim. Of Nitzanim's 141 members, 37 were killed and many were taken prisoner.[3]

Following the war, the kibbutz was moved four kilometres south of the original location,[4] onto the land of the newly depopulated Palestinian village of Hamama.[5]

The original site of the kibbutz became Nitzanim Youth Village in 1949. After the youth village closed in 1990, the community settlement of Nitzan was founded there.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Population in the Localities 2019" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  2. ^ Women of Valor Center - Nitzanim Society for the Preservation of Israel Heritage sites
  3. ^ Nitzanim Beach Archived 2016-06-01 at the Wayback Machine Gems in Israel
  4. ^ Historical sites in Nitzan Israel Inside Out
  5. ^ Khalidi, Walid (1992). All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies. p. 100. ISBN 0-88728-224-5.

External links

  • [http://www.knitzanim.com Official website</ref>
  • the battle of nitzanim, exhibition in the Idf& defense establishment archives
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