Bandar Lampung

Bandar Lampung
City of Bandar Lampung
Kota Bandar Lampung
Bundaran Tugu Adipura Bandar Lampung.JPG
Bandar Lampung.JPG
Tanjung Karang Train Station.JPG
Tugu Siger.jpg
Clockwise: Adipura Monument, Aerial view of Southern Bandar Lampung, Tanjung Karang Station, Siger Monument
Flag of Bandar Lampung
Coat of arms of Bandar Lampung
Nickname: 
Kota Kain Tapis (lit. 'City of Tapis')
Motto(s): 
Ragom Gawi (lit. 'Language and Culture')
Location within Lampung
Location within Lampung
Bandar Lampung is located in Southern Sumatra
Bandar Lampung
Bandar Lampung
Location in Southern Sumatra
Bandar Lampung is located in Sumatra
Bandar Lampung
Bandar Lampung
Location in Sumatra
Bandar Lampung is located in Indonesia
Bandar Lampung
Bandar Lampung
Location in Indonesia
Coordinates: 5°27′0″S 105°16′0″E / 5.45000°S 105.26667°E / -5.45000; 105.26667Coordinates: 5°27′0″S 105°16′0″E / 5.45000°S 105.26667°E / -5.45000; 105.26667
CountryIndonesia
ProvinceLampung
Founded17 June 1682
Government
 • TypeCity
 • MayorEva Dwiana [id]
 • Vice MayorDeddy Amrullah
Area
 • Total197.22 km2 (76.15 sq mi)
Elevation
15 m (49 ft)
Population
 (2020 census)[1]
 • Total1,166,066
 • Density5,900/km2 (15,000/sq mi)
Human Development Index
 • HDI (2007)0.742
Time zoneUTC+7 (Indonesia Western Time)
Postcodes
35111 to 35246[2]
Area code(+62) 721
Websitebandarlampungkota.go.id

Bandar Lampung (formerly Dutch: Oosthaven, lit. "Eastern Harbor") is the capital and largest city of the Indonesian province of Lampung. Located on the southern tip of Sumatra, Bandar Lampung was originally called Tanjungkarang–Telukbetung, since it was a unification of two major settlements in Lampung, before being renamed in 1983.[3]

The city proper and South Lampung Regency (which borders the city on its northern and eastern sides) are major transmigrasi recipients; in testimony thereof, it has become the fourth-largest city in the region of Sumatra, after Medan, Palembang and Batam. The city's area is about 197.22 km2, with a census population of 790,057 in 2005, 881,801 in 2010, 977,686 in 2015 and 1,166,066 in 2020.[4]

History

Bandar Lampung is the capital city of Lampung Province, before it was named Bandar Lampung, this city was named Tanjung Karang-Teluk Betung City. Historically, before becoming Bandar Lampung City, it was a combination of the two twin cities of Tanjung Karang and Teluk Betung City, the two twin cities were previously part of South Lampung Regency. This naming is because at that the city of Bandar Lampung consisted of the city of Tanjung Karang and city of Teluk Betung, in 1982 there was an expansion of the territory with the entry of three new districts[5][6]

Early history

A report by the Banten regent William Craft to Governor-General Cornelis Speelman states that, on the basis of a description provided by Pangeran Aria Dipati Ningrat on 17 June 1682, "Lampung-Telokbetong at the edge of the sea is the seat of power of a Dipati Temenggung Nata Negara, with power over three thousand people". This date would later be adopted by the city administration as its official founding date.[7]

Dutch East Indies

Coat of Arms of Lampung during Dutch colonial era, adopted from 1920s
Teluk Betung in the 1930s

Under the Dutch colonial administration, 1912 Staatsblad 462 codified the city as being part and parcel of the Onderafdeling Telokbetong, composed of present-day Teluk Betung and its environs. The Onderafdeling's capital was Tanjung Karang, whilst Telukbetung itself served as the seat of government for the Karesidenan Lampung.[7]

Tanjungkarang Formerly

Bandar Lampung, formerly Tanjungkarang-Telukbetung, kota (city), capital of Lampung provinsi (or provinsi; province), Indonesia. It lies at the head of Lampung Bay on the south coast of the island of Sumatra. Bandar Lampung was created in the 1980s from the amalgamation of the former provincial capital, Tanjungkarang, with the port of Telukbetung. The city's cottage industries include metalworking, hand-weaving, and pottery and tile making. With air, road, and rail connections, Bandar Lampung is the chief port and transportation center for the surrounding agricultural area, which produces rubber, tea, coffee, and pepper for export.[8]

The main port of Lampung is Long Harbor, Bakauheni Harbor, fishing port such as Fish (Telukbetung), Tarahan, and Kalianda in Lampung Bay, while in the Bay Watermelon is Kota Agung (Regency Tanggamus), and in the Java Sea there are as well as fishing ports such as Labuhan Maringgai and Ketapang, besides that, Menggala city can also be visited fishing boats along river Way Tulang Bawang, while in In the Indonesia Ocean there is a Harbor West Pesisir Regency, these ports indicate that Bandar Lampung City is in the coastal area of Lampung land which has the nickname Sang Bumi Lampung (Lampung) with the symbol of the greatness of the Siger Tower as the zero point of the island of Sumatra[9]

Under Japanese occupation

During the Japanese colonial era, present-day Bandar Lampung was administered as a city (市, shi), led by a Japanese mayor (市長, shicho) who was assisted by an Indonesian deputy mayor (副市長, fuku-shicho).[7]

Post-Independence

Tanjung Karang and Telukbetung initially fell under the jurisdiction of South Lampung Regency, until a 1948 law consolidated the two and elevated them to independent city status.[7]

Administrative districts

District divisions of Bandar Lampung.

At the time of the 2010 census, the city of Bandar Lampung was divided into thirteen administrative districts (Indonesian: kecamatan), but subsequently seven additional districts have been created by the splitting of existing districts, bringing the total to twenty districts. The new districts are Bumi Waras, Enggal, Kedamaian, Labuhan Ratu, Langkapura, Teluk Betung Timur (East Teluk Betung) and Way Halim.

The twenty districts are tabulated below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 census[10] and the 2020 census.[1] The table also includes the number of administrative urban villages (kelurahan) in each district and its postal codes.

Name Area
in
km2
Pop'n
census
2010[10]
Pop'n
census
2020[1]
No.
of
kelurahan
Post
codes
Teluk Betung Barat
(West Teluk Betung)
11.02 59,396 41,096 5 35232-35239
Teluk Betung Timur
(East Teluk Betung)
14.83 (a) 53,874 6 35231-35237
Teluk Betung Selatan
(South Teluk Betung)
3.79 92,156 42,870 6 35211-35229
Bumi Waras 3.75 (a) 63,166 5 35224-35228
Panjang 15.75 63,504 80,811 8 35241-35246
Tanjung Karang Timur
(East Tanjung Karang)
2.03 89,324 43,076 8 35121-35126
Kedamaian 8.21 (a) 57,905 8 35122-35133
Teluk Betung Utara
(North Teluk Betung)
4.33 62,663 53,552 6 35211-35215
Tanjung Karang Pusat
(Central Tanjung Karang)
4.05 72,385 55,925 7 35111-35119
Enggal 3.49 (a) 28,649 6 35111-35127
Tanjung Karang Barat
(West Tanjung Karang)
14.99 63,747 65,554 7 35151-35159
Kemiling 24.24 71,471 88,574 9 35153-35158
Langkapura 6.12 (a) 43,569 5 35152-35157
Kedaton 4.79 88,314 57,336 7 35141-35148
Rajabasa 13.53 43,257 57,589 7 35144-35145
Tanjung Senang 10.63 41,225 62,168 5 35141-35143
Labuhan Ratu 7.97 (a) 52,393 6 35142-35149
Sukarame 14.75 70,761 67,725 6 35131
Sukabumi 23.60 63,598 75,870 7 35122-35245
Way Halim 5.35 (a) 74,364 6 35123-35141
Total city 197.22 881,801 1,166,066 126

Note: (a) the 2010 population of this new district is included in the figures for the district(s) from which it was separated.

Climate

Bandar Lampung has a tropical rainforest climate (Af) with heavy rainfall year-round. Rain gets noticeably heavier from November to April.

Climate data for Bandar Lampung
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.3
(86.5)
31.0
(87.8)
31.6
(88.9)
32.0
(89.6)
31.9
(89.4)
31.7
(89.1)
31.3
(88.3)
31.4
(88.5)
31.4
(88.5)
32.0
(89.6)
32.0
(89.6)
31.1
(88.0)
31.5
(88.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.4
(79.5)
26.7
(80.1)
27.2
(81.0)
27.3
(81.1)
27.2
(81.0)
26.8
(80.2)
26.6
(79.9)
26.6
(79.9)
26.7
(80.1)
27.2
(81.0)
27.3
(81.1)
26.9
(80.4)
26.9
(80.4)
Average low °C (°F) 22.6
(72.7)
22.5
(72.5)
22.8
(73.0)
22.7
(72.9)
22.5
(72.5)
22.0
(71.6)
21.9
(71.4)
21.8
(71.2)
22.1
(71.8)
22.4
(72.3)
22.7
(72.9)
22.7
(72.9)
22.4
(72.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 280
(11.0)
281
(11.1)
255
(10.0)
175
(6.9)
135
(5.3)
119
(4.7)
100
(3.9)
121
(4.8)
118
(4.6)
139
(5.5)
149
(5.9)
250
(9.8)
2,122
(83.5)
Source: [11]

Transportation

Air

Radin Inten 2 Airport Terminal

Bandar Lampung is served by Radin Inten II Airport (TKG), in the neighbouring county of South Lampung. The airport can be accessed by public transportation, such as bus and mini bus.

Road transport

Bandar Lampung has several road transportation alternatives. The most popular is a minibus called angkot, an abbreviation from Angkutan Kota (literally translated as City Transportation). They serve routes throughout the city, operated privately and cheaply. Usually, an angkot covers some area between Tanjung Karang (heart of Bandar Lampung) and an urban area. Currently, routes covered are Tanjung Karang - Garuntang, Tanjung Karang - Teluk Betung, Tanjung Karang - Rajabasa, Tanjung Karang - Sukarame, Tanjung Karang - Langkapura and many more.

Bandarlampung Transportation Office has announced that in October 2011 will serve two of seven routes planned by bus rapid transit — the Rajabasa-Sukaraja and Sukaraja-Korpri housing complex in Sukarame.[12]

Rail transport

Tanjung Karang Station in 2015

Tanjung Karang Station in Bandar Lampung is the terminus of the railway service from Palembang, although the railway track continues all the way until Panjang harbor and Tarahan coal offloading point. Many express trains connecting this city and Palembang, including Limex Sriwijaya and Rajabasa Express.

Education

Bandar Lampung University, Campus A
Malahayati University, Old Rectorate

In 2009, Bandar Lampung has a literacy rate of 94.3%,[13] slightly increased from 2005 which was 93.5%. However, the high school participation rate kept decreasing from 69.2% (2007) down to 61.4% (2009).[14] On the other hand, high school participation rate in Indonesia rose from 54.6% in 2007, to 55.8% in 2010.[15]

There are some notable high schools and universities in Bandar Lampung such as SMP Negeri 2 Bandar Lampung (public), SMP Negeri 1 Bandar Lampung (public), SMA Negeri 2 Bandar Lampung (public, known as Smanda), SMA Negeri 9 Bandar Lampung (public, known as Smalan), SMA Negeri 1 Bandar Lampung (public, known as Smansa), SMA Al-Kautsar Bandar Lampung (private), SMA Fransiskus Bandar Lampung (private), SMP Xaverius 4 (private Catholic junior high school), SMA Xaverius Pahoman (a Catholic private school teaching students from kindergarten to high school, locally known as Xavepa), Lampung University (public, locally known as Unila), Bandar Lampung University (private, locally known as UBL: Universitas Bandar Lampung),Muhammadiyah University of Lampung (known as UML: Universitas Muhammadiyah Lampung and Malahayati University (private). In March 2011, Unila already had 70,866 alumni.[16]

Sister cities

Bandar Lampung is twinned with:

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  2. ^ "Kode POS Kota Bandar Lampung - urut Kecamatan/Distrik - hal 1". kodepos.nomor.net.
  3. ^ "Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 24 Tahun 1983". President of Republic Indonesia. 1983. Retrieved 5 July 2011.
  4. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik Kota Bandar Lampung.
  5. ^ "Kota Bandar Lampung | BPK Perwakilan Provinsi LAMPUNG".
  6. ^ "Sejarah Kota Bandar Lampung, Dimulai dari Telukbetung dan Tanjungkarang". 15 August 2021.
  7. ^ a b c d "PORTAL Berita Resmi Pemerintahan Kota Bandar Lampung". bandarlampungkota.go.id. Retrieved 3 June 2020.
  8. ^ "Bandar Lampung | Indonesia | Britannica".
  9. ^ https://www.balitbangda.lampungprov.go.id/uploads/Plana_2015_Final.pdf[bare URL]
  10. ^ a b Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  11. ^ "Lampung Town climate: Average Temperature, weather by month, Lampung Town weather averages - Climate-Data.org". en.climate-data.org.
  12. ^ "Bandarlampung to unveil BRT as passenger-friendly transport". 22 September 2011.
  13. ^ "Angka Melek Huruf Penduduk berumur 15 tahun ke atas menurut Kabupaten/Kota 2005-2009" (PDF). Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Lampung, Indonesia. 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 March 2012. Retrieved 3 July 2011.
  14. ^ "Angka Partisipasi Sekolah menurut Kabupaten/Kota" (PDF). Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Lampung, Indonesia. 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 March 2012. Retrieved 3 July 2011.
  15. ^ "Indikator Pendidikan Tahun 1994-2010". Badan Pusat Statistik. 2010. Archived from the original on 17 July 2011. Retrieved 3 July 2011.
  16. ^ "WISUDA: Unila Lahirkan 1.403 Sarjana". Lampung Post. 16 March 2011. Retrieved 3 July 2011.[permanent dead link]

External links

  • Official Lampung Provincial Website (in Indonesian)
  • Official Government Kota Bandar Lampung Website (in Indonesian)
  • Trip to Bandar Lampung (in Japanese)
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