Tulang Bawang Regency

Tulang Bawang Regency
(Kabupaten Tulang Bawang)
Tulang Bawang River near Menggala
Tulang Bawang River near Menggala
Coat of arms of Tulang Bawang Regency
Motto(s): 
Sai Bumi Nengah Nyappur
(English: one land, friendly getting along)
Location within Lampung
Location within Lampung
Tulang Bawang Regency is located in Southern Sumatra
Tulang Bawang Regency
Tulang Bawang Regency
Location in Southern Sumatra, Sumatra and Indonesia
Tulang Bawang Regency is located in Sumatra
Tulang Bawang Regency
Tulang Bawang Regency
Tulang Bawang Regency (Sumatra)
Tulang Bawang Regency is located in Indonesia
Tulang Bawang Regency
Tulang Bawang Regency
Tulang Bawang Regency (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 4°19′04″S 105°30′02″E / 4.3176618°S 105.5005569°E / -4.3176618; 105.5005569
Country Indonesia
ProvinceLampung
Regency seatMenggala
Government
 • RegentWinarti
 • Vice RegentHendriwansyah
Area
 • Total3,466.32 km2 (1,338.35 sq mi)
Population
 (2020 Census)[1]
 • Total430,021
 • Density120/km2 (320/sq mi)
Human Development Index
(2019)
 • HDI (2019)0.682 Medium
Time zoneUTC+7 (IWST)
Postcode
345xx and 346xx
Area code(+62) 736
Vehicle registrationBE
Websitetulangbawangkab.go.id

Tulang Bawang Regency (Lampung: Tuba-aksara.png) is a regency (kabupaten) of Lampung Province, Sumatra, Indonesia. It has an area of 3,466.32 square kilometres (1,338.35 sq mi) and had a population of 397,906 at the 2010 Census[2] and 430,021 at the 2020 Census.[3] The regency seat is the town of Menggala, located about 120 kilometres (75 mi) from the provincial capital of Bandar Lampung. The regency takes its name from the Tulang Bawang River which flows through the province.

Administrative districts

The Regency comprises fifteen districts (kecamatan) which are listed below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 Census[4] and the 2020 Census.[5]

District Area
(in km2)
Population
2010
Census
Population
2020
Census
Pop'n
per km2
(2020)
Banjar Agung 230.88 35,349 43,929 190
Banjar Margo 132.95 36,614 40,081 301
Banjar Baru 132.95 13,012 15,080 113
Gedung Aji 114.47 12,023 14,507 127
Penawar Aji 104.45 16,988 20,707 198
Meraksa Aji 94.71 12,894 15,543 164
Menggala 344.00 41,109 50,919 148
Penawar Tama 210.53 25,791 30,584 145
Rawajitu Selatan
(South Rawajitu)
123.94 30,756 31,363 253
Gedung Meneng 657.07 37,024 35,625 54
Rawajitu Timur
(East Rawajitu)
176.75 28,854 16,795 95
Rawa Pitu 169.18 15,883 18,114 107
Gedung Aji Baru 95.36 20,730 24,647 258
Dente Teladas 685.65 59,066 56,458 82
Menggala Timur
(East Menggala)
193.53 11,813 15,669 81
Totals 3,466.32 397,906 430,021 124

History

Early Islamization Lampung from the XIII century from Pasai is evidenced by the tombstone of Malik Al Saleh written in 1297 and the Batu Brak Site at Hanibung in 688 Hijriyah. Islam was brought by the four sons of Sultan Ratu Ngegalang Paksi. The arrival of the four pious people is a setback from the Sekala Brak kuno with the last king, queen sekekhummong (Sekerummong), the Buay Tumi tribe, who is Hindu Birawa and animist. This momentum is at the same time a milestone in the establishment of Kepaksian Paksi Pak Sekala Brak or Kepaksian Sekala Brak which is based on Islamic religious values. The four sons of Umpu Ratu Ngegalang Paksi are Sultan Ratu Buay Pernong, Umpu Nyerupa, Umpu Belunguh, Umpu Bejalan Diway. The spread of Islam throughout the land of Lampung from the 15th century started from West Lampung Regency. In 1525 Islam also entered through Labuhan Maringgai from Banten and Palembang. The entry of Islam in Tulang Bawang since the 16th century from the village of Pagar the god of the Penggala Tulang Bawang area was brought Islamic traders.[6]

The spread the Lampung tribe began in the 13th century AD since the marriage of the only daughter Queen sekekhummong nanely Sindi La Lalula in Islam with the descendants of kepaksian pernong who settled in Batu Brak, together with Putri Indar Wati (Sibulan) opened a new village in the area Tulang Bawang Regency new.[7]

Tulang Bawang Regency was inaugurated by the Minester of Home Affairs on March 20, 1997, as a follow-up to Law no. 2 of 1997 concerning the establishment of the second level of Tulang Bawang and the Second Level District of Tanggamus.[8]

Economy

Major crops include rice, orange (a growing sector), corn, cassava, soy bean and zallaca palm fruit. As of 2010, the area under plantation in the regency is 298.943 hectares (738.70 acres), mainly rubber, coconut, oil palm and sugar cane.[9] It is particularly known though for its shrimp industry.[9]

References

  1. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  2. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  3. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  4. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  5. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  6. ^ Fitri Yanti Yasin; Eni Amaliah Juhro (2019). "KITAB KUNTARA RAJA NITI Study of the Entry of Islam in Lampung". In Tulus Suryanto; Amilin Amilin; Hamzah Hamzah; Reza Ronaldo; Resista Vikaliana (eds.). ICIDS 2019: Proceeding of the First International Conference On Islamic Development Studies. doi:10.4108/eai.10-9-2019.2289343. ISBN 978-1-63190-206-2.
  7. ^ https://metropolitan.co.id/2018/08/14/4-umpu-sekala-brak-lampung-anak-raja-pagaruyung-minangkabau/
  8. ^ http://tulangbawangkab.go.id/informasi/sejarah-tulang-bawang
  9. ^ a b "Profile of Regency of Tulang Bawang". Indonesia Investment Coordinating Board. Retrieved 22 February 2011.
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