Regions of Indonesia

This is a list of some of the regions of Indonesia. Many regions are defined in law or regulations by the central government. At different times of Indonesia's history, the nation has been designated as having regions that do not necessarily correlate to the current administrative or physical geography of the territory of the nation.

Geographical units

Regions of Indonesia according to ISO 3166-2:ID
  ID-SM
  ID-JW
  ID-KA
  ID-NU
  ID-SL
  ID-ML
  ID-PP

According to ISO 3166-2:ID, Indonesia is divided into seven geographical units, with each unit consisting of major islands or an island group. These geographical units are as follows:

Code Geographical unit Provinces Population
(mid-2021)[1]
Largest city
  ID-SM
Sumatra Aceh, the Bangka Belitung Islands, Bengkulu, Jambi, Lampung, North Sumatra, Riau, the Riau Islands, South Sumatra, and West Sumatra 59,185,800 Medan
  ID-JW
Java Banten, Central Java, East Java, the Special Capital Region of Jakarta, the Special Region of Yogyakarta, and West Java 152,787,800 Jakarta
  ID-KA
Kalimantan Central Kalimantan, East Kalimantan, North Kalimantan, South Kalimantan, and West Kalimantan 16,817,400 Samarinda
  ID-NU
Nusa Tenggara (Lesser Sunda Islands) Bali, East Nusa Tenggara, and West Nusa Tenggara 15,140,400 Denpasar
  ID-SL
Sulawesi Central Sulawesi, Gorontalo, North Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, Southeast Sulawesi, and West Sulawesi 20,077,000 Makassar
  ID-ML
Maluku Islands Maluku and North Maluku 3,161,800 Ambon
  ID-PP
Papua (Western New Guinea) Central Papua, Highland Papua, Papua, South Papua, Southwest Papua, and West Papua 5,512,300 Jayapura

Eastern Indonesia and Western Indonesia

During the last stages of the Dutch colonial era, the area east of Java and Kalimantan was known as the Great East and later known as Eastern Indonesia. On 24 December 1946, the State of East Indonesia was formed covering the same area (excluding Western New Guinea). It was a component of the United States of Indonesia, and was dissolved into the unitary Republic of Indonesia in August 1950.[2] Currently, Eastern Indonesia consists of 17 provinces: Bali, East Nusa Tenggara, West Nusa Tenggara, Central Sulawesi, Gorontalo, North Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, Southeast Sulawesi, West Sulawesi, Maluku, North Maluku, Central Papua, Highland Papua, Papua, South Papua, Southwest Papua, and West Papua.[3][4][5] Meanwhile, the region comprising the other 21 provinces in Sumatra, Java, and Kalimantan is known as Western Indonesia.[6]

Development regions

According to the National Development Planning Agency, Indonesia is divided into four main development regions, with each being led by the major cities of Medan, Jakarta, Surabaya, and Makassar.[7][8][9]

Four main development regions of Indonesia
Main development region Central city Development region Province(s)
Main Development Region A
(Wilayah Pembangunan Utama A)
Medan Development Region I Aceh and North Sumatra
Development Region II Riau, the Riau Islands, and West Sumatra
Main Development Region B
(Wilayah Pembangunan Utama B)
Jakarta Development Region III The Bangka Belitung Islands, Bengkulu, Jambi, and South Sumatra
Development Region IV Lampung, Banten, Central Java, the Special Capital Region of Jakarta, the Special Region of Yogyakarta, and West Java
Development Region V West Kalimantan
Main Development Region C
(Wilayah Pembangunan Utama C)
Surabaya Development Region VI East Java and Bali
Development Region VII Central Kalimantan, East Kalimantan, North Kalimantan, and South Kalimantan
Main Development Region D
(Wilayah Pembangunan Utama D)
Makassar Development Region VIII East Nusa Tenggara, West Nusa Tenggara, South Sulawesi, Southeast Sulawesi, and West Sulawesi
Development Region IX Central Sulawesi, Gorontalo, and North Sulawesi
Development Region X Maluku, North Maluku, Central Papua, Highland Papua, Papua, South Papua, Southwest Papua, and West Papua

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2022.
  2. ^ Ricklefs 2008, pp. 362, 374.
  3. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber (6 March 2012). "13 Provinsi di Indonesia Timur Gelar Konsultasi Regional - Kompas.com".
  4. ^ Agency, ANTARA News. "BI Catat Bali Raih Inflasi Terendah KTI - ANTARA News Bali".
  5. ^ "Bawaslu Siap Kelola Keuangan Pilkada 2018 Secara Akuntabel - Badan Pengawas Pemilihan Umum Republik Indonesia". bawaslu.go.id.
  6. ^ Badan Riset dan Inovasi Nasional Republik Indonesia (2021-03-19). "Sosialisasi dan Bimtek Indeks Daya Saing Daerah untuk Kawasan Barat Indonesia (Sumatera, Jawa dan Kalimantan) | Berita - Index Daya Saing Daerah (IDSD)". Indeks-inovasi.brin.go.id. Retrieved 2022-04-23.
  7. ^ "26. Z. Irian Jaya". bappenas.go.id (Word DOC) (in Indonesian).
  8. ^ Geografi. ISBN 9789797596194.
  9. ^ Geografi: Jelajah Bumi dan Alam Semesta. ISBN 9789799281623.

References


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