Vehicle registration plates of Indonesia

Vehicle Registration Plates of Indonesia
Tanda Nomor Kendaraan Bermotor Indonesia
New Indonesian License Plate for Cars.jpg
Current design of Indonesian registration plates for private vehicles since July 2022. The color scheme is changed from black plates with white letters into white plates with black letters
Country Indonesia
Country codeRI
Current series
Size430 mm × 135 mm (16.9 in × 5.3 in) (cars)
275 mm × 115 mm (10.8 in × 4.5 in) (motorcycles)
MaterialAluminium
Availability
Issued byIndonesian National Police Traffic Corps
The former design of Indonesian registration plates for private vehicles from April 2011 until June 2022,[1][2] with 2008 numbering scheme for high population regions.
The former design of Indonesian registration plates only for private vehicles that uses customized vehicle registration numbers from August 2019 to June 2022.[3] The Indonesian Police Traffic Corps logo is printed on the lower left and more prominent.

All motorized vehicles in Indonesia, including motorcycles, are required to have registration plates, which must be displayed at the front and back of the vehicles. The issuing of number plates is regulated and administered by the One-stop Administration Services Office [id] (Indonesian: Sistem Administrasi Manunggal Satu Atap) (SAMSAT), which is a collaboration between the Indonesian National Police, provincial offices of regional revenue, and the national mandatory vehicle insurance operator Jasa Raharja.

History

Colonial era

Two children standing next to a Plymouth with "AA 20" plate. The car was belong to the family of J.W. Bijleveld. c. 1936.

Vehicle registration plates were first introduced in the Dutch East Indies in 1900. The early format includes regional codes such as for the code CH for Cirebon, SB for Surabaya, and SOK for the eastern coast of Sumatra; and registration numbers with no official standards. Plates were not always installed at the front and the rear of the vehicle; some owners affixed the plates on the side of the vehicle. For international purposes, the Government of the Dutch East Indies introduced the code IN for government vehicles. IN plates were elliptical and the registration numbers were placed below on a rectangular plate.[4]

A more-structured system was introduced in 1917 with the implementation of regulations regarding the content of applications for number and driving licenses, the specification of numbers and letters, the models of number and driving licenses, the establishment of registers of holders of the licenses and the publication of the contents of the registers. The regulation obliged vehicle owners to register their vehicles. The Karesidenan-based system was first implemented on Java and afterwards elsewhere in the colony.[5] The alphabetical codes were:

Until the 1920s, regional codes were added along with the Karesidenan regional expansion. For example, Bogor used the code F, Bojonegoro used the code S, and Western Papua used the code DS.[4][6]

Post-colonial era

1980s

The license plate design during the New Order, with the expiry date above the registration numbers.

The early format of registration plates remained in use after Indonesia proclaimed its independence in 1945. At the beginning of the 1980s, plates with four-digit numbers separated by a dot at the bottom that denote the month and year of expiry (e.g. 06•87) was introduced. Vehicle owners must pay a tax to renew the plate every five years. The typefaces are embossed. There were two variations of design during the New Order; the expire date would be placed above or below the registration numbers.[6][7]

21st Century

Design of Indonesian registration plate for private vehicles from 2000s[8] to April 2011.[1]

Along with the increase of motorized vehicles in Indonesia, the technical design and specification of vehicle registration plates began to be regulated by the Direktorat Lalu Lintas Kepolisian Negara Republik Indonesia/Ditlantas Polri (Traffic Directorate) of the Indonesian National Police. The size of the license plates during the 2000s was 395 mm × 135 mm (15.6 in × 5.3 in) (four wheel vehicles or more) or 250 mm × 105 mm (9.8 in × 4.1 in) (two or three wheel vehicles) with wide alphabets and a stripe that separates the registration numbers and expiry date.[9] In the lower left and upper right corners is the Traffic Police symbol, and at the lower-right and upper-left corners is a "DIRLANTAS POLRI" sign as a security feature and proof of the originality of the license plate.

The design of Indonesian registration plate for private vehicles (especially cars, trucks, and buses) from April 2011 to June 2022.[2]

In April 2011, the design of the license plate was redesigned. The new plates are 5 cm (2.0 in) longer to accommodate more characters and the typeface is slimmer. The Traffic Corps of the Indonesian National Police (Korps Lalu Lintas Kepolisian Negara Republik Indonesia/Korlantas Polri) introduced their more-complete coat of arms, with shield and ribbon with the letter "Dharmakerta Marga Raksyaka". The phrase "DITLANTAS" became "KORLANTAS". The license plates are made from 1 mm (0.039 in)-thick aluminium with edge lines with the same color as the numbers. The size of the plate for two-or-three-wheeled vehicles now is 275 mm × 115 mm (10.8 in × 4.5 in), while for four-or-more-wheeled vehicles they are 430 mm × 135 mm (16.9 in × 5.3 in).[10][11]

The new color scheme of the personal vehicle plates since 2022.

Since June 2022, The Traffic Corps of the Indonesian National Police changed the color scheme for personal and rental vehicles from black plates with white letters to white plates with black letters. The new color scheme was implemented to ease the detection of motoring offenses with traffic enforcement cameras.[2]

Registration plate design

Design convention

Indonesian vehicle registration plates are approximately 460 mm × 135 mm (18.1 in × 5.3 in) and constructed from stamped sheet metal. With some exceptions, plates use the following format: LL NNNN LL where "L" are letters of the Latin alphabet, and "N" numbers from "0" to "9" (the first number is never a "0"). The first single-or-double-letter prefixes denote the area of registration. This is followed by number between 1 and 9999 without leading zeroes. This is then followed by one or two letters although they may be optional. For example: B 1766 RKO is a vehicle registered in East Jakarta city; it begins with B. A smaller, four-digit number separated by dot is located at the top (old format, with horizontal line as divider) or bottom (newer format, commonly without divider) of the plate with following format: NN・NN denoting the month and year of the plate's expiry (e.g. 01•28 means until January 2028). The owner must pay a tax to renew it every five years.[citation needed]

Special Code Examples

Jakarta

In Jakarta, these codes are applied based on vehicle classes. These include:[citation needed]

  • B – Code for Double Cabin Pickups
  • A/B/D/W/E/R – Code for Sedans
  • A/C/U/Z – Code for Pickups
  • D – Code for Trucks
  • F/K/O/Z/R/Y/I – Code for Minibuses
  • *HX/*IX – Code for Ambulances
  • J/L/C – Code for Jeeps and SUVs
  • Q/U – Code for government staff
  • T/*UA – Code for Taxis
  • V/P/M/G/Y/W/U – Code for Minibuses

For example, "B 9031 BAY" indicates that the vehicle is a pickup, while "B 1032 DFA" indicates that the vehicle is a minibus.

State Servants

A Toyota Innova with special "RF" suffix plates for Government, Military, Police, and Civil officials.

A separate format exists for private vehicles belonging to government, military or police officials. Because most of these agencies are based in Jakarta, vehicles belonging to state officials use the "B" suffix, along with the four numbers that are assigned to the vehicle. The sub-area suffix is replaced with RF suffix code, indicating the vehicle belongs to a state official, followed by another letter that indicates the type of state official who owns the vehicle.[12]

For example, "B 1703 RFS" indicates that the vehicle belongs to a civilian official, whilst "B 1148 RFP" indicates that the vehicle belongs to a police official.

On January 27, 2023, the Traffic Corps of the Indonesian National Police annouced that special "RF" plates will be discontinued on October 2023, due to often being misused by numbers of people.[13]

Color coding

Vehicles in Indonesia are coded based on their classes and uses. These are:[14]

The design of Indonesian registration plates for private vehicles since June 2022.[1][2]
The design of Indonesian registration plates only for private vehicles that uses customized vehicle registration numbers since June 2022.[3]
Format scheme for Commercial vehicle or Public transportation.
Format scheme for Government-owned vehicle.
South Sulawesi dealership plate for new vehicles
  • Black on White: For privately owned vehicles. Trucks that are registered for private use were issued with this plate, so are the ambulances. This new color scheme has been used since June 2022 to detect motoring offenses with traffic enforcement cameras.[2]
    • White on black: The old color scheme for privately owned vehicles. Trucks that are registered for private use were issued with this plate, so are ambulances. Superseded by the black on white color scheme but still valid during 5-year transition period.
  • Red on white: Vehicles that have not been registered yet, or for new cars that have no owners yet or no legal identification.
  • Black on yellow: Commercial vehicle or public transportation such as buses, taxis, angkot, auto rickshaws and commercial trucks.
  • White on red: Used by fire departments, government ambulances, government officials and other governmental vehicles administered under their respective local governments.
  • Black on Red: Vehicles belonging to foreign countries. Commonly used by foreign embassies or vehicles belonging to International organizations.
  • Black on White with Black Trim: Vehicles belonging to diplomatic corps of foreign countries. Commonly used by foreign embassies or vehicles belonging to international organizations.
  • Black on green: Free Zone vehicles i.e. Batam (see Indonesia–Malaysia–Singapore Growth Triangle).
  • Blue on white: Vehicles belonging to foreign countries, mainly used before the vehicle has been registered.

Electric vehicles

Example of a personalized electric vehicle numberplate in latest white-black color. Note the blue trim is on the side rather than horizontal on the bottom.

The Indonesian National Police has set a special license plate for electric vehicles with additional blue trim at the expiry date row in accordance with the regulations in the Decree of the Head of the Traffic Corps of the Indonesian National Police in 2020.[15][16][17]

  • White on Black with Blue Trim: for privately owned electric vehicles and rental electric vehicles
  • Black on Yellow with Blue Trim: for commercial electric vehicle or public transportation.
  • White on Red with Blue Trim: for governmental electric vehicles administered under their respective local governments.
  • Black on White with Blue Trim: for foreign embassies or electric vehicles belonging to International organizations.
  • Black on Green with Blue Trim: for electric vehicles at the Free Trade Zone.

Registration area codes

A map showing where area codes are assigned

The lettering convention denoting the area of registration is a legacy of the Dutch colonial era and does not reflect the current regional divisions of the country into provinces. They follow the old system of Dutch Karesidenan or residencies lettering systems, which were adopted in the 1920s,[18] and the Territorial Police system which was abolished in 2010.

The list of area codes are:[19]

Prefix Letter Division
A Banten, except Tangerang Regency, South Tangerang, and Tangerang City
AA Central Java ex Kedu residency: Magelang Regency, City, Purworejo, Kebumen, Temanggung, Wonosobo
AB Yogyakarta
AD Central Java, ex Surakarta Sunanate: Surakarta, Sukoharjo, Boyolali, Sragen, Karanganyar, Wonogiri, Klaten
AE East Java, ex Madiun residency: Madiun Regency, City, Ngawi, Magetan, Ponorogo, Pacitan
AG East Java, ex Kediri residency: Kediri Regency, City, Blitar Regency, City, Tulungagung, Nganjuk, Trenggalek
B Jakarta, Depok, Tangerang Regency, City, South Tangerang, Bekasi, Bekasi Regency
BA West Sumatra
BB North Sumatra, West coast region: Dairi, Pakpak Bharat, Samosir, Toba Samosir, North Tapanuli, Humbang Hasundutan, Central Tapanuli, Sibolga, South Tapanuli, Padangsidempuan, Padang Lawas, North Padang Lawas, Mandailing Natal, Gunungsitoli, Nias, South Nias, West Nias, North Nias
BD Bengkulu
BE Lampung
BG South Sumatra
BH Jambi
BK North Sumatra, East coast region: Medan, Binjai, Deli Serdang, Langkat, Karo, Serdang Bedagai, Tebing Tinggi, Simalungun, Pematangsiantar, Batubara, Asahan, Tanjungbalai, Labuhan Batu, North Labuhan Batu, South Labuhan Batu
BL Aceh
BM Riau
BN Bangka Belitung
BP Riau Islands
D West Java, ex western Preanger Regencies Residency: Bandung Regency, City, Cimahi, West Bandung
DA South Kalimantan
DB Mainland of North Sulawesi
DC West Sulawesi
DD South Sulawesi, South region: Makassar, Gowa, Maros, Pangkajene Islands, Takalar, Jeneponto, Bulukumba, Bantaeng, Selayar
DE Maluku
DG North Maluku
DH East Nusa Tenggara: Timor
DK Bali
DL North Sulawesi: Sangihe Islands, Talaud Islands, Sitaro Islands
DM Gorontalo
DN Central Sulawesi
DP South Sulawesi, North region: Barru, Parepare, Pinrang, Sidenreng Rappang, Enrekang, Tana Toraja, North Toraja, Luwu, Palopo, North Luwu, East Luwu
DR West Nusa Tenggara: Lombok Island
DT Southeast Sulawesi
DW South Sulawesi, Central Region: Bone, Soppeng, Wajo, Sinjai
E West Java, ex Cirebon residency: Cirebon Regency, City, Indramayu, Majalengka, Kuningan
EA West Nusa Tenggara: Sumbawa island
EB East Nusa Tenggara: Flores Island, Alor, Lembata
ED East Nusa Tenggara: Sumba Island
F West Java, ex Bogor residency: Regency, City, Cianjur, Sukabumi Regency, City
G Central Java, ex Pekalongan residency: Regency, City, Tegal Regency, City, Brebes, Batang, Pemalang
H Central Java, ex Semarang residency: Semarang Regency, City, Salatiga, Kendal, Demak
K Central Java, ex Pati residency: Pati, Kudus, Jepara, Rembang, Blora, Grobogan
KB West Kalimantan
KH Central Kalimantan
KT East Kalimantan
KU North Kalimantan
L East Java: Surabaya
M East Java: Madura Island
N East Java, ex Malang residency: Malang Regency, City, Regency, City, Pasuruan Regency, City, Lumajang, Batu
P East Java, ex Besuki residency: Bondowoso, Situbondo, Jember, Banyuwangi
PA Papua[20]
PB West Papua
R Central Java, ex Banyumas residency: Banyumas, Cilacap, Purbalingga, Banjarnegara
S East Java, ex Bojonegoro residency: Bojonegoro, Mojokerto Regency, City, Tuban, Lamongan, Jombang
SB Surabaya: Rickshaws
T West Java, ex Karawang residency: Purwakarta, Karawang, Subang
W East Java, ex Surabaya residency outside Surabaya City: Sidoarjo, Gresik
Z West Java, ex eastern Preanger Regencies Residency: Garut, Tasikmalaya Regency, City, Sumedang, Ciamis, Pangandaran, Banjar

Several areas provide license plates for non-motorized transport vehicles. In Yogyakarta, YB is used for rickshaws. A white-on-blue license plate with area code SB is issued for rickshaws operating in the city of Surabaya. In Banjarmasin, rickshaws operating in the city are issued with plate using a unique format, XXXX BS.[citation needed]

There were several area codes no longer in use. These include:

  • BR – ex Borneo Residency, western region[18]
  • DFEast Timor[21]
  • DSPapua prior to 2016.[20]

Special plate designs

Military and police vehicles

Military and police vehicles have their own colors and alpha-numeric conventions, including their insignia and/or the rank of the officer owning the vehicle, especially for high-ranking officers.

Army-personnel vehicles are yellow on green background, plus a yellow star on the top. Navy-personnel plate is yellow on light blue, plus a yellow anchor. Air Force personnel plate is yellow on dark blue, plus a red and white air force roundel. Police plate is yellow on black. Personnel in Armed Forces Headquarters uses yellow numbers on red background plates. Slightly similar, Ministry of Defense vehicles also uses yellow on red plates, only replacing Armed Forces' insignia with the Ministry's insignia. This is also being implemented on other military vehicles, such as motorcycles, jeeps, trucks, and tanks.[22]

Military and Ministry of Defense vehicles use the numerical convention NNNNN-SS where "N" is for numbers from "0" to "9" for registration and "S" denotes a special suffix number/letter which denotes the type of office or unit in which the person who owns the vehicle belongs to.[23]

Here are the lists of the suffix codes of the Military and Ministry of Defense:[24]

Special Suffix Codes - Military, Ministry of Defense, and Police
Suffix Insignia of the Indonesian National Armed Forces.svg Armed Forces (TNI) Suffix Insignia of the Indonesian Army.svg Army

(TNI-AD)

Suffix Insignia of the Indonesian Navy.svg Navy

(TNI-AL)

Suffix Insignia of the Indonesian Air Force.svg Air Force

(TNI-AU)

Suffix Ministry Of Defense

(Kemhanri)

Suffix Insignia of the Indonesian National Police.svg National Police (POLRI)
00 Armed Forces Headquarters 00 Army Headquarters 00 Navy Headquarters 00 Air Force Headquarters 00 Ministry of Defense 00 National Police Headquarters
01 Staff and Command School 01 Army Strategic Reserves Command (KOSTRAD) 01 1st Fleet

Command

01 1st Air Operations Command 02 National Defense Institute I Aceh Police Region
02 Military Academy 02 Army Special Forces Command (KOPASSUS) 02 2nd Fleet Command 02 2nd Air Operations Command 05 Directorate General of Materials, Facilities and Services II North Sumatra Police Region
09 Legal Development Agency 03 Military Regional Command (KODAM Jakarta Raya) 03 3rd Fleet Command 03 3rd Air Operations Command III West Sumatra Police Region
10 Military Supply Agency 04 Education & Training Command 04 Military Sealift Command 04 Material Maintenance Command IV Riau Police Region
14 or V Presidential Security Force (PASPAMPRES) 05 Military Regional Command (KODAM Iskandar Muda) 05 Marine Corps 05 Doctrine, Education and Training Command V South Sumatra Police Region
10 Army Academy 08 Command and Staff College 10 Quick Reaction Forces Command (KOPASGAT) VI West Kalimantan Police Region
20 Command and Staff College I - XIV Main Naval Bases from 1-14 VII Metro Jaya Police Region
30 Army Territorial Center VIII West Java Police Region
31 Infantry Armament Center IX Central Java Police Region
32 Cavalry Armament Center X East Java Police Region
33 Artillery Armament Center XI Bali Police Region
34 Military Police Center XII East Kalimantan Police Region
41 Directorate of Engineers XIII South Kalimantan Police Region
42 Directorate of Supplies and Transportation XIV South Sulawesi Police Region
43 Directorate of Equipment XV North Sulawesi Police Region
44 Directorate of Supplies and Transportation XVI Maluku Police Region
45 Directorate of Health XVII Papua Police Region
46 Directorate of the Adjutant General XVIII Central Kalimantan Police Region
47 Directorate of Topography XIX Central Sulawesi Police Region
48 Directorate of Finance XX Southeast Sulawesi Police Region
49 Directorate of Law XXI West Nusa Tenggara Police Region
51 Information Service XXII East Nusa Tenggara Police Region
52 Mental Development Service XXIII Banten Police Region
53 Psychology Service XXIV Yogyakarta Special Region Police Region
54 Research and Development Service XXV Lampung Police Region
55 Information and Data Processing Service XXVI Jambi Police Region
56 Aviation Service XXVII Bengkulu Police Region
I - XVIII Military Area Commands from 1-18 XXVIII Bangka Belitung Islands Police Region
XXIX Gorontalo Police Region
XXX North Maluku Police Region
XXXI Riau Islands Police Region
XXXII West Papua Police Region
XXXIII West Sulawesi Police Region
XXXV North Kalimantan Police Region

Senior government officials

A Mercedes-Benz W126 with the "INDONESIA 1" plate. The car was used by former Presidents Suharto, B. J. Habibie, and Abdurrahman Wahid

Vehicle registration plates belonging to senior government officials like the president or vice president always begin with RI which stands for "Republik Indonesia" and are followed by a number. For example, the president's registration plate is "RI-1", and the vice president's is "RI-2". Other senior officials such as government ministers, the chairman of the House of Representatives, the commander of the National Armed Forces and the chief of the National Police also share the same convention and are assigned the numbers after the President and vice president. These plates are used for everyday activities and have a white on black design.

There are some very special numbers, which are "INDONESIA 1" and "INDONESIA 2" for the president and vice president, respectively. These numbers are used for a ceremonial purposes, such as presidential/vice-presidential inaugurations, national day ceremonies and armed forces day. On inauguration day, at the time the new president and vice president take the oath, the plates are moved from the former presidential/vice-presidential cars to the new car. These numbers are also used for all ceremonial presidential/vice-presidential cars, and have a white-on-red design.

Foreign countries or international organizations

An Indonesian diplomatic plate on a vehicle owned by the Norwegian embassy in Jakarta.

Registration plates for vehicles belonging to the government of foreign countries or international organizations follow a different convention. They have black letters on a white background.

The plates have the letter CD followed by two or three digits denoting the country or organization, followed by up to three digits of the serial number. For example, a car with number CD 66 88 is owned by Vietnam. Generally, the number 01 is reserved for an ambassador's official vehicle.

The order of numbers is based on when they recognized Indonesia as a country. The United States was originally assigned CD 13; due to the stigma associated with the number 13, they asked the Indian delegation to exchange numbers.

The list of countries and organizations follows:

Code Country or Organization
CD 12  United States
CD 13  India
CD 14  France
CD 15  United Kingdom
CD 16  Philippines
CD 17   Vatican City
CD 18  Australia
CD 19  Norway
CD 20  Iraq
CD 21  Pakistan
CD 22  Belgium
CD 23  Myanmar
CD 24  United Arab Emirates
CD 25  China
CD 26  Sweden
CD 27  Saudi Arabia
CD 28  Thailand
CD 29  Egypt
CD 30  Italy
CD 31  Switzerland
CD 32  Germany
CD 33  Sri Lanka
CD 34  Denmark
CD 35  Canada
CD 36  Brazil
CD 37  Russia
CD 38  Afghanistan
CD 39  Serbia
CD 40  Czech Republic
CD 41  Finland
CD 42  Mexico
CD 43  Hungary
CD 44  Poland
CD 45  Iran
CD 47  Malaysia
CD 48  Turkey
CD 49  Japan
CD 50  Bulgaria
CD 51  Cambodia
CD 52  Argentina
CD 53  Romania
CD 54  Greece
CD 55  Jordan
CD 56  Austria
CD 57  Syria
CD 58 UNDP
CD 59  New Zealand
CD 60  Netherlands
CD 61  Yemen
CD 62 Universal Postal Union
CD 63  Portugal
CD 64  Algeria
CD 65  North Korea
CD 66  Vietnam
CD 67  Singapore
CD 68  Spain
CD 69  Bangladesh
CD 70  Panama
CD 71 UNICEF
CD 72 UNESCO
CD 73 Food and Agriculture Organization
CD 74 World Health Organization
CD 75  South Korea
CD 76 Asian Development Bank
CD 77 World Bank
CD 78 International Monetary Fund
CD 79 International Labour Organization
CD 80  Papua New Guinea
CD 81  Nigeria
CD 82  Chile
CD 83 UNHCR
CD 84 WFP
CD 85  Venezuela
CD 86 ESCAP
CD 87  Colombia
CD 88  Brunei Darussalam
CD 89 UNIC
CD 90 International Finance Corporation
CD 91 UNTAET
CD 92 Indonesia Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to ASEAN
CD 94  Belarus
CD 96 UNIDO
CD 97 Red Cross
CD 98  Morocco
CD 99  European Union
CD 100 ASEAN ASEAN Secretariat
CD 101  Tunisia
CD 102  Kuwait
CD 103  Laos
CD 104  Palestine
CD 105  Cuba
CD 106 AIPO
CD 107  Libya
CD 108  Peru
CD 109  Slovakia
CD 110  Sudan
CD 111 ASEAN Foundation
CD 112 UTUSAN
CD 113 CIFOR
CD 114  Bosnia and Herzegovina
CD 115  Lebanon
CD 116  South Africa
CD 117  Croatia
CD 118  Ukraine
CD 120  Uzbekistan
CD 121  Qatar
CD 122 UNFPA
CD 123  Mozambique
CD 125  East Timor
CD 126  Suriname
CD 127  Ecuador
CD 128  Zimbabwe
CD 129 International Organization for Migration
CD 130  Azerbaijan
CD 131  Somalia
CD 132  Georgia
CD 134  Oman
CD 136  Armenia
CD 136  Bahrain
CD 138  San Marino
CD 139  Ireland
CD 140 United Nations United Nations Office for Coordination of Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Indonesia (UNORCID)
CD 141 Islamic Development Bank
CD 142  Guinea Bissau
CD 143  Ethiopia
CD 144  Solomon Islands
CD 145 International Fund for Agricultural Development

Consulates also use the same format but instead of using the letters CD, they use CC.

Some foreign countries and international-organization vehicles in Jakarta use the " B xxxxx yyy " format and a normal white on black plate. Where "xxxxx" stands for five random digits, and "yyy" stands for the country / organization code.

Vanity plates

An example of a vanity plate in Indonesia using the FE-Schrift typeface since 2019.[3]

A few vehicle owners pay an extra amount of money to get a certain plate as their desire. Because the convention is not flexible to include a full word, people try creative uses of numbers and letters. For example, Idris Sardi, a violin player, uses (B 10 LA) for his vehicle. It is a play on the word BIOLA which means "violin" in Indonesian. Leoni, a famous actress and singer, uses L 30 NI for her car. Even the former President Megawati Soekarnoputri chooses "M 3 GA" for her personal vehicle, as the plate resembles her broadly-known nickname. Edhie Bhaskoro Yudhoyono, former President Yudhoyono's younger son, has "B 24 EB", which "EB" is being his name initial. With the new format of three suffix alphabets, many vanity or personal registration plates are possible to be created. For example, a Toyota Fortuner owner may choose the plate B 42 NER which sounds like B four-two-NER. Syahrini, an Indonesian singer, has "B 1 SYR" as her registration plate number, with "SYR" being her initials.

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  20. ^ a b "Papua Ubah Kode Plat Kendaraan.. | Jawapos.com". Archived from the original on 3 July 2016.
  21. ^ "License Plates of Timor Leste (East Timor)". worldlicenseplates.com. Retrieved 10 July 2022.
  22. ^ "Arti Kode Pada Plat Nomor Mobil Dinas TNI-AD". Yonkav 4/KC. Retrieved 3 December 2022.
  23. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber (14 September 2021). "Mengenal Kode Pelat Nomor Kendaraan Dinas TNI". KOMPAS.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 3 December 2022.
  24. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber (17 October 2022). "Mengenal Arti Kode pada Pelat Nomor Kendaraan Dinas TNI". KOMPAS.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 3 December 2022.

External links

  • Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 22 Tahun 2009 Tentang Lalu Lintas Dan Angkutan Jalan – law regulating registration plates, among other things (in Indonesian)
  • Indonesian license plates – Operation of Indonesian license plates (in Spanish)
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