Bone Regency

Bone Regency
Kabupaten Bone
Coat of Arms of Bone Regency
Location within South Sulawesi
Location within South Sulawesi
Bone Regency is located in Indonesia
Bone Regency
Bone Regency
Location in Indonesia
Coordinates (Watampone): 4°32′19″S 120°19′47″E / 4.53861°S 120.32972°E / -4.53861; 120.32972Coordinates: 4°32′19″S 120°19′47″E / 4.53861°S 120.32972°E / -4.53861; 120.32972
CountryIndonesia
ProvinceSouth Sulawesi
CapitalWatampone
Government
 • RegentA. Fahsar M. Padjalangi
Area
 • Total4,559.00 km2 (1,760.24 sq mi)
Population
 (2020 Census)[1]
 • Total801,775
 • Density180/km2 (460/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (WITA)
Websitebone.go.id

Bone Regency is a regency of South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Originally the seat of the Bone state, it joined Indonesia in 1950. The regency covers an area of 4,559.00 km2 and had a population of 717,682 at the 2010 Census, 742,527 at the 2015 Intermediate Census and 801,775 at the2020 Census.[2] Its main products are seaweed, rice, and fish. The principal town is Watampone, which comprises the three districts of Tanete Riattang Barat, Tanete Riattang and Tanete Riattang Timur within the regency.

Geography

Bone is located on the east coast of South Sulawesi. It has 174 kilometres (108 mi) of coastline[3] and covers an area of 4,559 square kilometres (1,760 sq mi).[4] It has a total of 88,499 hectares (884.99 km2) of rice fields.[5]

Bone is surrounded by Wajo to the north, Sinjai to the south, Soppeng, Maros, Pangkkajene, and Barru to the west, and the Gulf of Bone to the east, where it has a sea border with Sulawesi Tenggara.[3]

The climate of Bone is tropical, with the wet season from April to September and the dry season from October to March. The temperature ranges from 26 to 34 °C (79 to 93 °F), with air humidity averaging 95% - 99%. The average annual rainfall varies from less than 1,750 millimetres (69 in) to 3,000 millimetres (120 in).[5]

Demographics

According to a 2010 census, Bone Regency had 717,268 residents, consisting 341,335 males and 375,933 females. This gave a sex ratio of 90.80 for the regency, or 91 males for every 100 females. It displayed a population growth rate of 0.67% per annum for the 2000-2010 period.[6] At the 2010 census, Bone Regency had 801,775 residents, consisting 391,682 males and 410,093 females.

The majority of residents of Bone Regency are Muslim, with numerous mosques and places for studying Islam. There are also some churches in Watampone.[4]

Administrative districts

Bone Regency in 2020 (as in 2010) comprised 27 administrative Districts (Kecamatan), tabulated below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 Census[7] and 2020 Census.[8] The table also includes the location of the district administrative centres, the number of administrative villages (rural desa and urban kelurahan) within each district, and it postal code(s).

Name Area
in km2
Population
Census 2010
Population
Census 2020
Admin
centre
No. of
villages
Post
code(s)
Bontocani 463.35 15,351 17,741 Kahu 11 92767
-92768
Kahu 189.50 37,399 40,663 Palattae 20 92767 (a)
Kajuara 124.13 34,599 36,897 Bojo 18 92777
Salomekko 84.91 14,970 16,638 Manera 8 92775
Tonra 200.32 12,830 15,064 Bulu-bulu 11 92774
Patimpeng 130.47 15,670 18,117 Latobang 10 92768
Libureng 344.25 28,027 31,943 Camming 20 92766
Mare 263.50 25,129 28,817 Kadai 18 92773
Sibulue 155.80 32,664 35,418 Pattiro Bajo 20 92781
Cina 147.50 25,437 28,438 Tanete Harapan 12 92772
Barebbo 114.20 25,383 29,806 Apala 18 92771 (b)
Ponre 293.00 13,198 15,101 Lonrong 9 92765
Lappariaja 138.00 23,183 26,970 Matango 9 92760
Lamuru 208.00 24,293 26,252 Lalebata 12 92764
Tellu Limpoe 318.10 13,771 16,064 Tujue 11 92771
Bengo 164.00 25,247 27,009 Bengo 9 92763
Ulaweng 161.67 24,504 26,937 Taccipi 15 92762
Palakka 115.32 22,084 25,548 Passippo 15 92761
Awangpone 110.70 28,583 33,773 Componge 18 92776
Tellu Siattinge 159.30 39,733 45,711 Tokaseng 17 92752
Amali 119.13 20,546 21,257 Taretta 15 92756
Ajangale 139.00 27,203 28,547 Pompanua 14 92755
Dua Boccoe 144.90 29,941 33,154 Uloe 22 92753
Cenrana 143.60 23,362 26,574 Ujung Tanah 16 92754
Tanete Riattang Barat
(West Tanete Riattang)
53.68 43,512 50,699 Macanang 8 92731
-92735
Tanete Riattang 23.79 48,532 52,335 Salekoe 8 92711
-92714
Tanete Riattang Timur
(East Tanete Riattang)
48.88 40,393 46,302 Lonrae 8 92715
92719

Notes: (a) except the villages of Biru (post code 92714), Cenrana (post code 92754) and Palakka (post code 92761). (b) except the village of Kading (post code 90225).

Coat of arms

The coat of arms of Bone consists of a blue shield with a harrow, anchor, unsheathed kris, rice, cotton plant, and - at the bottom of the shield - the words Kabupaten Bone in red text on a white banner. The harrow and rice stand for the agricultural history of the area. The anchor signifies Bone's nautical prowess, while its symmetry and location in the middle of the shield represents rationality. The kris and red text signify bravery, while the cotton plant represents the Bone people's struggle for independence. The white banner stands for purity and holiness.[9]

History

A black and white picture of a thatched roof building on stilts
Palace of the Sultan of Bone, c. 1900-1920

Bone Regency was home to Bone state, an adat-based Bugis kingdom which was founded by ManurungngE Rimatajang in 1330.[4][3] It later entered an alliance with the Wajo and Soppeng kingdoms for mutual defence. This alliance became known as LaMumpatue Ri Timurung.[4]

In 1605, during the reign of the tenth king of Bone Latenri Tuppu Matinro Ri Sidenreng, Islam entered Bone and caused a change in local culture, including a renaming of various aspects of the regal system.[3] Bone State later enjoyed a period of prosperity in the middle of the 17th century.[4]

In May 1950, the people held demonstrations in Watampone against the royalty and Bone's membership in the State of East Indonesia. This caused the sultan to step down and join Indonesia.[3]

Economy

The majority of Bone residents are farmers, commercial gardeners, and fishermen. In the area near the Gulf of Boni, seaweed, crabs, shrimp, and milkfish are the main source of income. Seaweed production averages 3,821.5 tonnes per annum, while catches of shrimp, crabs, and milkfish average 4,318 tonnes, 2,061 tonnes, and 4.964 tonnes per annum each. Catches of other fish, mainly tuna, average 73,763.5 tonnes per annum.[10]

Transportation

Bone's sea transportation is handled by five harbours, a larger one located in East Taneteriattang named Bajoe and four smaller ones.[10]

References

Footnotes
  1. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  2. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d e Pamelleri, Riwayat.
  4. ^ a b c d e Departemen, Bone.
  5. ^ a b Bone, Geography.
  6. ^ BPS, Hasil.
  7. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  8. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  9. ^ Bone, Lambang.
  10. ^ a b Mitra Bahari 2010-11-19, Kabupaten Bone.
Bibliography
  • "Arti dan Lambang Kab. Bone" [Meaning of the Coat of Arms of Bone Regency] (in Indonesian). Government of Bone Regency. Archived from the original on 12 October 2011. Retrieved 23 August 2011.
  • "Geografi" [Geography] (in Indonesian). Government of Bone Regency. Archived from the original on 12 October 2011. Retrieved 23 August 2011.
  • "Hasil Sensus Penduduk 2010: Kabupaten Bone" [Results of the 2010 Census: Bone Regency] (PDF) (in Indonesian). Badan Pusat Statistik Kabupaten Bone. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 23 August 2011.
  • "Kabupaten Bone" [Bone Regency] (in Indonesian). Departemen Dalam Negeri Republik Indonesia. Archived from the original on 28 October 2010. Retrieved 23 August 2011.
  • "Kabupaten Bone" [Bone Regency] (in Indonesian). Konsorsium Mitra Bahari. 19 November 2010. Archived from the original on 31 March 2012. Retrieved 23 August 2011.
  • Pamelleri, Andi (22 April 2006). "Riwayat Kabupaten Bone" [A Short History of Bone Regency] (PDF) (in Indonesian). Retrieved 23 August 2011.
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