Palopo

Palopo
Coat of arms of Palopo
Motto(s): 
IDAMAN (Indah (Beautiful), Damai (Safe), Nyaman (Pleasant))
Location within South Sulawesi
Location within South Sulawesi
OpenStreetMap
Palopo is located in Sulawesi
Palopo
Palopo
Location in Sulawesi and Indonesia
Palopo is located in Indonesia
Palopo
Palopo
Palopo (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 3°0′S 120°12′E / 3.000°S 120.200°E / -3.000; 120.200Coordinates: 3°0′S 120°12′E / 3.000°S 120.200°E / -3.000; 120.200
Country Indonesia
Province South Sulawesi
Foundedc. 1620
City Status14 July 2002
Government
 • MayorJudas Amir
 • Vice MayorRahmat Masri Bandaso
Area
 • Total247.52 km2 (95.57 sq mi)
Population
 (2010 Census)
 • Total184,681
 • Density750/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
 [1]
Time zoneUTC+8 (Indonesia Central Time)
Area code(+62) 471
Websitepalopokota.go.id

Palopo or Kota Palopo is a city located in South Sulawesi, Indonesia, and the second-largest city in the province. Until it acquired its autonomy, Palopo was the capital of Luwu Regency. The area of the city is 247.52 km2, and it had a population of 148,033 at the 2010 Census[2] and 184,681 at the 2020 Census,[3] comprising 92,444 males and 92,237 females.

History

17th-century Palopo Old Mosque is one of the oldest mosques in Indonesia.

Palopo was founded c. 1620, probably under the second Muslim ruler of Luwu Kingdom, Sultan Abdullah Muhiddin, who is buried at Malangke, the former palace centre of Luwu. His momental grave, which was carved with Majapahit-style floral decorations, was destroyed by Kahar Muzakkar rebels in the 1950s: nothing today remains except the location.[4] The advantage of Palopo over the former palace centre was the potential for trade with the Toraja-speaking Seko-Rongkong valleys. The town sits at the foot of a steep, winding pass which leads into the highland regions. In the late 19th century this trade consisted primarily of coffee and slaves.[5] Gold panned from upland rivers may also have been an attraction. Dammar was an important export in the later period.[6]

Little is known of Palopo before the Dutch annexation of South Sulawesi in 1905. The only Western visitor to have left an account of the town was James Brooke (later Rajah of Sarawak), who described it in the 1830s as 'a miserable town, consisting of about 300 houses, scattered and dilapidated'.[7] It is the location of the Palopo Old Mosque, South Sulawesi's oldest mosque. Built from blocks of white coral, with a three-tiered roof representing the ancient Austronesian cosmos, the Mesjid Jami' is said to have been built during the reign of Sultan Abdullah. It has a 19th-century dedicatory inscription behind one of its doors, presumably reflecting a restoration. The royal graveyard lies to the north at Lokkoe and contains pyramidical stone mausolea in which lie the remains of Luwu's 17th to 20th-century rulers.

Administrative districts

Palopo City is divided into nine Districts (Kecamatan), tabulated below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 Census[8] and the 2020 Census.[9] The table also includes the location of the district administrative centres and the number of urban villages (kelurahan) in each district.

Name Area
in km2
Pop'n
Census
2010
Pop'n
Census
2020
Admin
centre
No. of
kelurahan
Wara Selatan
(South Wara)
10.66 10,124 18,679 Songka 4
Sendana 37.09 5,732 7,381 Sendana 4
Wara 11.49 31,024 31,539 Dangerakko 6
Wara Timur
(East Wara)
12.08 30,997 38,344 Malatunrung 7
Mungkajang 53.80 6,981 10,062 Mungkajang 4
Wara Utara
(North Wara)
10.58 19,011 20,645 Salubulo 6
Bara 23.35 22,959 30,660 Temmalebba 5
Telluwanua 34.34 11,701 15,887 Maroangin 7
Wara Barat
(West Wara)
54.13 9,403 11,484 Tomarundung 5
Totals 247.52 148,033 184,681 48

Climate

Palopo has a tropical rainforest climate (Af) with heavy rainfall year-round.

Climate data for Palopo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.4
(86.7)
30.5
(86.9)
30.7
(87.3)
31.0
(87.8)
31.0
(87.8)
30.3
(86.5)
30.0
(86.0)
30.9
(87.6)
31.4
(88.5)
32.3
(90.1)
31.7
(89.1)
30.8
(87.4)
30.9
(87.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.8
(80.2)
26.8
(80.2)
26.9
(80.4)
27.1
(80.8)
27.3
(81.1)
26.5
(79.7)
25.9
(78.6)
26.4
(79.5)
26.8
(80.2)
27.6
(81.7)
27.5
(81.5)
27.0
(80.6)
26.9
(80.4)
Average low °C (°F) 23.2
(73.8)
23.2
(73.8)
23.2
(73.8)
23.3
(73.9)
23.6
(74.5)
22.8
(73.0)
21.9
(71.4)
22.0
(71.6)
22.2
(72.0)
22.9
(73.2)
23.3
(73.9)
23.3
(73.9)
22.9
(73.2)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 177
(7.0)
223
(8.8)
234
(9.2)
294
(11.6)
322
(12.7)
206
(8.1)
172
(6.8)
180
(7.1)
161
(6.3)
158
(6.2)
191
(7.5)
232
(9.1)
2,550
(100.4)
Source: Climate-Data.org[10]

References

  1. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  2. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  3. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  4. ^ Van Lijf, J.M. 1953. 'Korte mededelingen.' Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde 109:379-81.
  5. ^ Braam Morris, D.F. van. 1889. 'Het landschap Loewoe.' Tijdschrift voor Indische Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde 32: 497-555; Zerner, C. 1981. 'Signs of the spirits, signature of the smith: Iron forging in Tana Toraja.' Indonesia 31: 89-112
  6. ^ Caldwell, I. 1994. ‘Report on fieldwork.' Baruga 10:16-18.
  7. ^ Brooke, J. 1848. Narrative of events in Borneo and Celebes down to the occupation of Labuan. From the Journals of James Brooke, Esq. Rajah of Sarawak and Governor of Labuan [. . .] by Captain Rodney Mundy. London: John Murray
  8. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  9. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  10. ^ "Climate: Palopo". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 19 November 2020.
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