Corregimiento and town
|• Land||397.1 km2 (153.3 sq mi)|
|• Density||11.2/km2 (29/sq mi)|
|Population density calculated based on land area.|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (EST)|
|Climate||Tropical savanna climate (Aw)|
The town marks the southeastern end of the northern half of the Pan-American Highway, at the north end of the Darién Gap. It lies on the Chucunaque River, a major tributary of the Tuira River, along which travel by boat into the Darién Gap occurs. The nearest town on the river route is El Real de Santa María, which is the capital of Pinogana District.
The population of Yaviza as of 1990 was 8,452, falling to 3,317 as recorded in the year 2000, and rising to 4,441 as of 2010.
The town was founded by Spanish missionaries as San Jerónimo de Yaviza in September 1638. A Spanish fort (Fuerte de San Geronimo de Yaviza) was built in 1760, and heavily damaged by an attack of the Indigenous Guna in 1780. A flood destroyed half of the remaining ruins in the mid-20th century.
As the Pan-American Highway was constructed, it eventually reached Yaviza as a dirt road. But plans to complete the road to Colombia were stopped, leaving Yaviza as the end point of the northern half of the highway. The final sections of the highway to Yaviza have since been improved and are now paved.
- "Cuadro 11 (Superficie, población y densidad de población en la República...)" [Table 11 (Area, population, and population density in the Republic...)] (.xls). In "Resultados Finales Básicos" [Basic Final Results] (in Spanish). National Institute of Statistics and Census of Panama. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
- Leonard, Thomas M. Historical Dictionary of Panama, p. xxxv (2015)
- Rutkow, Eric. The Longest Line on the Map, p. 322 (2019)
- Lonely Planet Panama, p. 427 (2022)
- Jimenez, Raul E. (6 August 2018) Darién, primera y última frontera, La Prensa (in Spanish)
- Johnson, Tim (25 October 1992). Panama revives dream of completing highway that would link the Americas, Monitor (McAllen, Texas; Knight Ridder content) ("Engineers slashed the highway -- really just a dirt track barely passable in the rainy season -- through to Yaviza in 1983.")
- Howe, Ben Ryder (March 2001). The Forgotten Highway, The Atlantic ("The government, under pressure from the peasants, has announced that it will begin paving the road to Yaviza.")