List of political parties in Bhutan
In Bhutan, political parties need to be registered with Election Commission to contest National Assembly elections. Political parties can only contest National Assembly elections, since being an independent is a requirement for contesting National Council and local government elections.
Besides the official registered parties that came into existence after the democratisation of Bhutan, many Bhutanese parties have been operating in exile since the 1990s. Most of these parties are run by exiled people from the Lhotshampa community from the refugee camps in Nepal.
|People's Democratic Party
0 / 47
|Druk Phuensum Tshogpa
14 / 47
|Druk Nyamrup Tshogpa
33 / 47
|Druk Thuendrel Tshogpa
0 / 47
|Bhutan Tendrel Party
0 / 47
In 2018, Druk Chirwang Tshogpa was deregistered by the Election Commission on its own request.
Other political parties
The following parties are all based in exile.
- Bhutan Democratic Socialist Party
- Bhutan Gorkha National Liberation Front
- Bhutan National Congress
- Bhutan National Democratic Party
- Bhutan National Party
- Bhutan Peoples' Party
- Bhutanese Movement Steering Committee
- Communist Party of Bhutan (Marxist–Leninist–Maoist)
- Druk National Congress
On August 26, 2010, Bhutanese political parties in exile formed an umbrella group to pursue a "unified democratic movement led by Rongthong Kunley Dorji, President of the Druk National Congress. The group's offices opened in Kathmandu in November 2010, and it seems to receive some measure of support from the Nepalese government.
- Rizal, Dhurba P (2015). The royal semi-authoritarian democracy of Bhutan. Lexington Books. ISBN 9781498507479. OCLC 906010256.
- "Election Act of the Kingdom of Bhutan 2008" (PDF). Government of Bhutan. 2008-07-28. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2018-09-21. Retrieved 2019-05-22.
- Subba, MB (2018-02-27). "Druk Chirwang Tshogpa deregistered". Kuensel. Archived from the original on 2019-04-10. Retrieved 2019-05-22.
- "Bhutan Kuen-Nyam Party (BKP) stands deregistered as a Political Party". ECB. Retrieved 24 January 2023.
- Chandrasekharan, S. (2010-12-08). "BHUTAN: Political Parties in Exile Form an Umbrella Organisation: Update No. 88". South Asia Analysis Group (SAAG). Archived from the original on 2011-07-28. Retrieved 2011-05-20.
- Penjore, Ugyen (2007-04-11). "Candidates not yet identified". Kuensel online. Archived from the original on 2012-07-22. Retrieved 2011-05-22.