Portal:Spain

The Spain Portal (Bienvenido al portal español)

Spain (Spanish: España, [esˈpaɲa] (listen)), or the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a country primarily located in southwestern Europe with parts of territory in the Atlantic Ocean and across the Mediterranean Sea. The largest part of Spain is situated on the Iberian Peninsula; its territory also includes the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean, the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea, and the autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla in Africa. The country's mainland is bordered to the south by Gibraltar; to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea; to the north by France, Andorra and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean. With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the second-largest country in the European Union (EU) and, with a population exceeding 47.4 million, the fourth-most populous EU member state. Spain's capital and largest city is Madrid; other major urban areas include Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Zaragoza, Málaga, Murcia, Palma de Mallorca, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Bilbao.

Anatomically modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula around 42,000 years ago. Pre-Roman peoples dwelled in the territory, in addition to the development of coastal trading colonies by Phoenicians and Ancient Greeks and the brief Carthaginian rule over the Mediterranean coastline. The Roman conquest and colonization of the peninsula (Hispania) ensued, bringing a Roman acculturation of the population. Hispania remained under Roman rule until the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the fourth century, which ushered in the migration of Germanic peoples and the Alans into the peninsula. Eventually, the Visigoths emerged as the dominant power in the peninsula by the fifth century. In the early eighth century, most of the peninsula was conquered by the Umayyad Caliphate and during early Islamic rule, Al-Andalus became the dominant peninsular power, centered in Córdoba. Several Christian kingdoms emerged in Northern Iberia, chief among them León, Castile, Aragón, Portugal, and Navarre and over the next seven centuries, an intermittent southward expansion of these kingdoms, known as Reconquista, culminated with the Christian seizure of the Emirate of Granada in 1492. Jews and Muslims were forced to choose between conversion to Catholicism or expulsion and the Morisco converts were eventually expelled. The dynastic union of the Crown of Castile and the Crown of Aragon was followed by the annexation of Navarre and the 1580 incorporation of Portugal (which ended in 1640). In the wake of the Spanish colonization of the Americas after 1492, the Crown came to hold a large overseas empire, which underpinned the emergence of a global trading system primarily fuelled by the precious metals extracted in the New World. Centralisation of the administration and further state-building in mainland Spain ensued in the 18th and 19th centuries, during which the Crown saw the loss of the bulk of its American colonies a few years after the Peninsular War. The country veered between different political regimes; monarchy and republic, and following a 1936–39 devastating civil war, the Francoist dictatorship that lasted until 1975. With the restoration of democracy under the Constitution of Spain and the entry into the European Union in 1986, the country experienced profound social and political change as well as an important economic growth. (Full article...)

Refresh with new selections below (purge)

Cscr-featured.png Featured article – show another

This is a Featured article, which represents some of the best content on English Wikipedia..

Selected biography

Pedro Almodóvar with Penélope Cruz

Pedro Almodóvar Caballero (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈpeð̞ɾo almoˈð̞oβ̞aɾ kaβ̞aˈʝeɾo]) (born September 24, 1949 in Calzada de Calatrava, Spain) is a Spanish film director, screenwriter and producer. Almodóvar is the most successful and internationally known Spanish filmmaker of his generation. His films, marked by complex narratives, employ the codes of melodrama and use elements of pop culture, popular songs, irreverent humor, strong colors and glossy décor. He never judges his character's actions, whatever they do, but he presents them as they are in all their complexity. Desire, passion, family and identity are the director's favorite themes. Almodóvar’s films enjoy a worldwide following and he has become a major figure on the stage of world cinema.

Pedro Almodóvar Caballero was born on September 24, 1949 in Calzada de Calatrava, a rural small town of Ciudad Real, a province of Castile-La Mancha in the administrative district of Almagro. La Mancha is the windswept region of flat lands made famous by Don Quijote. He was born as one of four children (two boys, two girls) in a large and impoverished family of peasant stock. His father, Antonio Almodóvar, who could barely read or write worked most of his life hauling barrels of wine by mule. Almodóvar's mother, Francisca Caballero, turned her son into a part time teacher of literacy in the village and also a letter reader and transcriber for the neighbors. When Pedro was eight years old, the family sent him to study at a religious boarding school in the city of Cáceres, Extremadura, in the west of the country, with the hope that he might someday become a priest.

Selected picture

Did you know...

Symbol support vote.svg Good article – show another

This is a Good article, an article that meets a core set of high editorial standards.

General images

The following are images from various Spain-related articles on Wikipedia.

In the news

1 December 2022 – 2022 Spain letter bomb attacks
The Spanish Ministry of the Interior reports that several letter bombs have been sent to Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez, the Ministry of Defence and the Torrejón Air Base. A sixth letter bomb is intercepted at the U.S. Embassy in Madrid. (El Plural) (Reuters) (La Sexta)
30 November 2022 – 2022 Spain letter bomb attacks
A staff member at the Ukrainian embassy in Madrid, Spain, suffers minor injuries when opening a letter bomb that was addressed to ambassador Serhii Pohoreltsev. (Reuters)
18 November 2022 – International Basketball Federation
The United States loses its top rank at the FIBA Men's World Ranking for the first time since 2010 after being surpassed by Spain in the latest update. (AP via The Boston Globe)
15 November 2022 – 2022 ATP Tour
At 19 years old, Spanish tennis player Carlos Alcaraz becomes the youngest year-end world No. 1-ranked singles player by the Association of Tennis Professionals after his closest rival, fellow Spaniard Rafael Nadal, failed to advance to the semifinals of the 2022 ATP Finals. Alcaraz breaks Australian player Lleyton Hewitt's record that he achieved in 2001. (The Courier-Mail)

1 December 2022 – 2022 Spain letter bomb attacks
The Spanish Ministry of the Interior reports that several letter bombs have been sent to Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez, the Ministry of Defence and the Torrejón Air Base. A sixth letter bomb is intercepted at the U.S. Embassy in Madrid. (El Plural) (Reuters) (La Sexta)
30 November 2022 – 2022 Spain letter bomb attacks
A staff member at the Ukrainian embassy in Madrid, Spain, suffers minor injuries when opening a letter bomb that was addressed to ambassador Serhii Pohoreltsev. (Reuters)

More current events...

Spain topics

Categories

Category puzzle
Select [►] to view subcategories

WikiProjects

Things you can do

Things you can do

Related portals

Associated Wikimedia

The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:

  • Commons
    Free media repository
  • Wikibooks
    Free textbooks and manuals
  • Wikidata
    Free knowledge base
  • Wikinews
    Free-content news
  • Wikiquote
    Collection of quotations
  • Wikisource
    Free-content library
  • Wikiversity
    Free learning tools
  • Wikivoyage
    Free travel guide
  • Wiktionary
    Dictionary and thesaurus
Discover Wikipedia using portals
  1. ^ "Atlantic hurricane best track (HURDAT version 2)" (Database). United States National Hurricane Center. 23 November 2020.
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Portal:Spain&oldid=1101087168"