Portal:El Salvador

The El Salvador portal

Republic of El Salvador
República de El Salvador (Spanish)
Motto: "Dios, Unión, Libertad" (Spanish)
English: "God, Union, Liberty"
Anthem: Himno Nacional de El Salvador
(English: "National Anthem of El Salvador")
ISO 3166 codeSV

El Salvador (/ɛl ˈsælvədɔːr/ (listen); Spanish: [el salβaˈðoɾ] (listen), meaning "The Saviour"), officially the Republic of El Salvador (Spanish: República de El Salvador), is a country in Central America. It is bordered on the northeast by Honduras, on the northwest by Guatemala, and on the south by the Pacific Ocean. El Salvador's capital and largest city is San Salvador. The country's population in 2022 was estimated to be 6.5 million.

Among the Mesoamerican nations that historically controlled the region are the Lenca (after 600 AD), the Mayans, and then the Cuzcatlecs. Archaeological monuments also suggest an early Olmec presence around the first millennium BC. In the beginning of the 16th century, the Spanish Empire conquered the Central American territory, incorporating it into the Viceroyalty of New Spain ruled from Mexico City. However the Viceroyalty of Mexico had little to no influence in the daily affairs of the isthmus, which was colonized in 1524. In 1609, the area was declared the Captaincy General of Guatemala by the Spanish, which included the territory that would become El Salvador until its independence from Spain in 1821. It was forcibly incorporated into the First Mexican Empire, then seceded, joining the Federal Republic of Central America in 1823. When the federation dissolved in 1841, El Salvador became a sovereign state, then formed a short-lived union with Honduras and Nicaragua called the Greater Republic of Central America, which lasted from 1895 to 1898. (Full article...)

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Logo de La Prensa Gráfica.png
The September 6, 2006, front page
La Prensa Gráfica commonly known as La Prensa is a daily newspaper published in El Salvador by Grupo Dutriz. La Prensa is a mainstream metropolitan newspaper, and became one of the first newspapers to print in color in Central America. (Full article...)

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October 11, 2022 – Hurricane Julia
Fourteen people in Guatemala and ten in El Salvador are killed as Hurricane Julia causes torrential rain in both countries. (Associated Press via CBS News)
September 22, 2022 –
Seven people are killed by landslides in El Salvador. (Reuters)
September 16, 2022 – 2024 Salvadoran general election
Incumbent President Nayib Bukele announces that he will run for re-election in 2024, one year after the Supreme Court ruled that he was eligible to do so despite a constitutional ban on presidential re-election. (Al Jazeera) (Reuters)

Did you know...

  • ...that El Salvador is one of the most densely populated countries in Latin America, and also one of the most industrialized?
  • ...that El Salvador uses the U.S. Dollar as its currency?
  • ...that the department of Sonsonate is known for its coconuts?
  • ...that Roque Dalton, one of El Salvador's most beloved writers, was imprisoned and persecuted by the Salvadoran Communist Guerrilla?
  • ...that El Salvador and Honduras fought a war in 1969?

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