List of hot springs

There are hot springs on all continents and in many countries around the world. Countries that are renowned for their hot springs include Turkey, Honduras, Canada, Chile, Hungary, Iceland, Israel, Bulgaria, Japan, Taiwan, New Zealand, India, Romania, Fiji and the United States, but there are interesting and unique hot springs in many other places as well.

Africa

Algeria

  • Hammam Essalihine (Thermes de Flavius), 35.4403°N 7.0844°E
  • Hammam Chellala (Thermes Chellala)
  • Hammam Guedjima (Thermes Guedjima)
  • N'Gaous (Source de Saïda)
  • Guelma (Source de Guelma)

Democratic Republic of the Congo

  • Uvira, South Kivu province. (275 to 369 °C)[1] 3°22′12″S 29°08′24″E / 3.37000°S 29.14000°E / -3.37000; 29.14000
  • Kambo, North Kivu, in North Kivu province. (150 to 270 °C)[1]

Egypt

  • Oyoun Mossa (Moses Springs)
  • Hammam Pharaon (Pharaoh Bath)
  • Hammam Musa (Moses' Bath)

Eswatini (Swaziland)

There are thirteen developed and undeveloped hot spring pools in Eswatini (Swaziland). All are sulphur springs with temperatures ranging from 26 °C to 52 °C.[2]

  • Mkoba spring
  • Mvuntshini spring
  • Ezulwini spring
  • Lobamba spring
  • Mawelawela spring
  • Ngwempisi spring
  • Mpopoma spring
  • Mbondela spring
  • Madubula spring
  • Fairview spring
  • Siphofaneni spring
  • Mbekelweni spring
  • Mbikwakhe hot spring

Ethiopia

Dallol Hot Spring
Dallol Volcano - lake with hot springs
  • hot springs pool at Sodere, Ethiopia
    Sodere (Oromo: Sodaree) a spa town in central Ethiopia. Located approximately 25 kilometres south of Adama and 120 kilometres southeast of Addis Ababa in the East Shewa Zone of the Oromia Region, this town has a latitude and longitude of 8°24′N 39°23′E with an elevation of 1466 metres above sea level. It is one of five settlements in Nannawa Adama. Sodere
  • Dallol Hot Springs at Dallol volcano, Afar Region, Ethiopia

Morocco

Nigeria

Rwanda

  • Mashyuza Hot Springs
  • Nyakabuye Hot Springs, near Cyangugu
  • Bugarama Hot Springs, near Cyangugu

South Africa

Brandvlei, Worcester area, Western Cape

Goudini Spa, Worcester area, Western Cape Montagu, Western Cape

Tanzania

Chemka Hot Springs
  • Chemka Hot Springs also known as Maji Moto, and as Kikuletwa Hotsprings, in the Kilimanjaro region, 40 km from Moshi.

Tunisia

  • Abdelkader Hot Springs Gabes, near Gabes
  • Abdelkader Hot Springs Ichkeul, near Bizert
  • Abdelkader Hot Springs, near Tozeur

Uganda

  • Ihimba Hot Springs
  • Kitagata Hot Springs
  • Nyamasizi Hot Springs
  • Kibiro Hot Springs
  • Buranga Hot Springs
  • Kagamba Warm Spring
  • Bubaare Hot Spring
  • Karungu Hot Springs
  • Rubaare Hot Springs
  • Birara Hot Springs
  • Kisiizi Hot Springs
  • Minera Hot Springs
  • Kanyineabalongo Hot Springs
  • Kiruruma Hot Springs
  • Kabuga (Muhokya) Hot Springs
  • Kibenge (Kyiriba Kya Kyathumba) Hot Springs
  • Rwagimba Hot Springs
  • Rwimi Warm Springs
  • Panyamulu Hot Springs

A scholarly paper with a map of over twenty geothermal areas in Uganda.

Zambia

Zimbabwe

Americas

Brazil

Canada

Alberta

British Columbia

Northwest Territories

Yukon

Chile

Hot spring geyser vent surrounded by yellow rocks in the El Tatio geothermal field, Chile

There are more than 275 hot springs registered in Chile.

Colombia

  • Termales del Nevado del Ruiz, Manizales
  • Termales del Otoño, Manizales, Caldas.
  • Termales El Escondite, Samaná, Caldas.
  • Termales de Santa Mónica, Choachi, Cundinamarca.
  • Termales del Zipa, Tabio, Cundinamarca.
  • Termales de Tenjo, Cundinamarca.
  • Termales de Machetá, Cundinamarca.
  • Termales Aguas Calientes, vía al Llano, Cundinamarca.
  • Termales de San Vicente, Santa Rosa de Cabal, Risaralda.
  • Termales de Santa Rosa, Santa Rosa de Cabal, Risaralda.
  • Termales Tambujina, La Cruz, Narino.
  • Termales Cascada Zetaquira, Boyaca
  • Termales de Paipa, Boyaca
  • Termales de Iza, Boyaca
  • Termales de Las Juntas, Ibague, Tolima.
  • Termales Agua Hirviendo, Puracé, Cauca.
  • Aguas Termales El Raizón, Norte de Santander.

Costa Rica

Dominican Republic

  • Aguas Calientes Parque De Aguas Termas Naturales Los Montones, San José de las Matas.

Ecuador

Hydrothermal baths in Baños de Agua Santa, Ecuador.

El Salvador

Greenland

There are numerous hot springs in Greenland:

Guatemala

Mexico

Peru

Hot Springs in the region of Ayacucho.
  • Ayacucho Region 13°09′47″S 74°13′28″W / 13.16306°S 74.22444°W / -13.16306; -74.22444 (Ayacucho)
  • Cajamarca 7°9′52″S 78°30′38″W / 7.16444°S 78.51056°W / -7.16444; -78.51056 (Cajamarca)
  • Monterrey Hot Spring, Carhuaz 9°16′0″S 77°38′0″W / 9.26667°S 77.63333°W / -9.26667; -77.63333 (Carhuaz)
  • La Calera Springs, Chivay 15°38′S 71°36′W / 15.633°S 71.600°W / -15.633; -71.600 (Chivay)
  • Colca Canyon Hot Springs,[5] near Coporaque, Peru. 15°38′21.9″S 71°39′23.2″W / 15.639417°S 71.656444°W / -15.639417; -71.656444 (Colca Lodge)
  • Huayhuash, in the Andes 10°30′S 76°45′W / 10.500°S 76.750°W / -10.500; -76.750 (Cordillera Huayhuash)
  • Hot springs, Pachia, Tacna
  • Machu Picchu Pueblo (known colloquially as Aguas Calientes), near Machu Picchu 13°9′17.4″S 72°31′31.2″W / 13.154833°S 72.525333°W / -13.154833; -72.525333 (Machu Picchu pueblo)
  • Moyobamba Region 6°02′S 76°58′W / 6.033°S 76.967°W / -6.033; -76.967 (Moyobamba)
  • Shanay-Timpishka
  • Zorritos, near Bocapán Beach. 3°40′21.6″S 80°39′12.8″W / 3.672667°S 80.653556°W / -3.672667; -80.653556 (Zorritos)

United States

USA geothermal springs

Alaska

Arizona

Arkansas

California

Colorado

Pagosa Hot Spring, Colorado

Florida

Georgia

Idaho

Illinois

Massachusetts

  • Sand Spring (75 °F / 24 °C)

Montana

Nevada

New Mexico

New York

North Carolina

Oregon

Hot Lake Hotel built in 1906 in Hot Lake, Oregon. The resort became a worldwide attraction for its geothermal mineral waters.

South Dakota

Texas

Utah

Virginia

Washington

West Virginia

Wyoming

A list of 1661 hot springs in the United States can be found on the NOAA Thermal Springs List for the United States.[10] The same list with added notes and links can be found on the USA Hotsprings Database.[11]

Uruguay

Venezuela

Antarctica

Asia

Bhutan

  • Punakha
    • Chuboog Tshachu
    • Koma Tshachu
  • Gasa
    • Gasa Tsachu
    • Wachey Tsachu
    • Gayza Tshachu
  • Bumthang
    • Dhur Tshachu
  • Zhemgang
    • Duenmang Tshachu
  • Sarpang
    • Gelephu Tshachu
  • Lhuntse
    • Khambalung gNey Tshachu
    • Yoenten Kuenjung Tshachu
    • Pasalum Tshachu

China

India

A young Hindu priest performing religious rituals at Taptapani hot spring in India

Assam

Bihar

Gujarat

Geological Survey of India has found 17 hot springs in Gujarat:[17]

Haryana

  • Sohna hot spring, Located in Sohna, Gurgaon it is 56 kilometres (35 mi) from Delhi.

Himachal Pradesh

Hot springs at Manikaran,Himachal Pradesh
Hot Springs near Manali. 2020

Jammu & Kashmir

  • Tatapani, Barmandal Kalakot Rajouri Jammu and Kashmir.

Jharkhand

Karnataka

Ladakh

Madhya Pradesh

  • Chavalpani Near Pachmarhi, Madhya Pradesh.
  • Babeha, Mandla-Jabalpur Road, MP (now submerged under catchment water of Bargi Dam on river Narmada)

Maharashtra

Odisha

Sikkim

  • Sikkim has many hot springs including:
    • Phurchachu (Reshi)
    • Yumthang
    • Borang
    • Ralang
    • Taram-chu
    • Yumey Samdong.
  • All these hot springs have high sulfur content and are located near the river banks. The average temperature of the water in these hot springs is 50 °C (122 °F).

West Bengal

Indonesia

Bali

  • Banyuwedang (Gerokgak, Buleleng)
  • Yeh Panes Panetahan (Tabanan Regency)

Java

Lesser Sunda Islands

Maluku Islands

Sumatra

  • Gemuhak, Muara Anip Regency, South Sumatra
  • Semurup, Air Hangat Subdistrict, Kerinci
  • Danau Linting (Hot Spring Lake about 8000 m2 near tiga juhar village), Deli Serdang, North Sumatera.
  • Dolok Tinggi Raja white crater, Simalungun District, North Sumatera. Dubbed mini Pamukkale or mini Yellowstone.
  • Sibayak Hot Spring (at Lau Debuk-Debuk Village), Karo District, North Sumatera.
  • Sei Wampu Hot Spring (White Water Hot Spring at Wampu River near Marike Estate of PTPN II), Langkat, North Sumatera.
  • Sei Batang Serangan Hot Spring (at Ekowisata Tangkahan), Langkat, North Sumatera.
  • Tarutung Hot Spring (many Hot Spring Like Hutabarat, Sipaholon), North Tapanuli, North Sumatera.
  • Ie Seum (Aceh Language: Hot Water), near Port Malayahati Krueng Raya, Aceh Besar, Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam.

Israel

Hamat Gader during the day.

Iran

  • Ferdows Hot Spring
  • Sar-Ein Hot Springs more than 20 traditional and modern thermal springs)
  • Kousar Hot Spring
  • Sardabeh Hot Spring
  • Meshkin Shahr (Ghoutor Soee. Ilanjigh, Gheynarjeh, Shabil)

Japan

Izu Province, The Hot Springs of the Shuzen Temple woodcut by Utagawa Hiroshige

Being located in the "Pacific Ring of Fire", Japan is in a volcanic region, and is home to many hot springs. The onsen (a Japanese word for "hot spring") plays a notable role in Japanese culture.

In March 2003 it was reported that there were 3,102 spa resorts in 2,292 municipalities in Japan. There were also 15,400 lodging facilities with 6,740 public hot spring baths. About 138 million people a year visit these facilities.[21]

Noted hot springs areas in Japan

Disputed territory between Japan and Russia

  • Iturup Baransky volcano Hot Springs

Korea

Kyrgyzstan

Malaysia

Various hot springs, all nonvolcanic. They include –

Johor

  • Grisek, 10 km from Parit Jawa, Muar district
  • Labis

Kedah

  • Air hangat, Langkawi

Malacca

Negeri Sembilan

  • Pedas Hot Spring
  • Chengkau Hot Spring

Pahang

  • Bentong
  • Gunung Tapis, Sungai Lembing

Perak

  • Sg Klah, developed commercially
  • Kampung Ulu Slim
  • Lost World Of Tambun- HotSprings & Spa
  • Mangong, Kuala Kangsar
  • Ayer Panas, Grik
  • Pengkalan Hulu

Sabah

  • Poring hot springs, Kinabalu National Park

Sarawak

  • Annah Rais Hot Springs, Padawan
  • Kampung Panchor Dayak, Padawan
  • Paku Hotspring, Bau

Selangor

  • Selayang, 15 km north of Kuala Lumpur
  • Kalumpang, south of Tanjung Malim, north of Kerling
  • Ulu Tamu, near Tanjung Malim
  • Kerling, near Batang Kali

Terengganu

  • LA hot spring, Besut

Nepal

  • Hotiyana in Sankhuwasabha, Koshi zone, Eastern Nepal.
  • Syabrubesi and Chilime in Rasuwa, North of Kathmandu.
  • Bhurung, Do Khola, Singha, Chhumrung and Dhadkharka in Myagdi district.
  • Jomsom and Dhima in Mustang.
  • Chame and La Ta in Manang district.
  • Bhulbhule Khar in Tanahu district.
  • Tapoban in Bajhang district.
  • Dhanachauri (Luma) and Tila river in Jumla.
  • Srikaar, Sina and Chamlaiya in Darchula.
  • Riar, Saghu Khola, Sarai Khola in Middle development region of Nepal.

Oman

Athawarah Hot Spring
  • Athawarah Hot Spring

Pakistan

  • Chitral-Garam Chashma
  • Chitral - Gobore, Pech uch and Yurjogh
  • Tatta Pani Kotli AJK
  • Mandi Nara Kotli AJK
  • Thandani Abbotabad
  • Nara Matora Kahuta

Philippines

  • Mainit Hot Spring
  • Mambukal Mountain Resort: hot soda and sulfur springs slightly above 30 °C.
  • Puning Hot Spring, in Sitio Puning, Barangay Inararo, Municipality of Porac, Pampanga Province; accessed through Sitio Target, Barangay Sapang Bato, Angeles City

Singapore

Sri Lanka

About 10 thermal springs have been identified in Sri Lanka.[22]

  • Rankihiriya
  • Kanniya Hot water spring
  • Nelumwewa/Galwewa
  • Mutugalwela
  • Kapurella
  • Maha-oya
  • Marangala
  • Embilinne
  • Kivulegama
  • Maha-pelessa

Taiwan

Yangmingshan hot springs in Taiwan

Thailand

  • Thai Prachan Hot Spring
  • Bo Khloung Hot Stream
  • Ban Pong Krathing Hot Spring (Ban Bueng Hot Spring)
  • Pong Krathing Hot Spring
  • Jae Son hot spring
  • Muang Paeng hot spring
  • Pa Bong hot spring
  • Ban Huay Zai Kao Hot Spring
  • Wieng Pa Pao hot spring
  • Rung Arun hot spring
  • Krabi hot spring (Nuae Khlong)
  • Khlong Thom hot stream (hot spring)

Tibet Autonomous Region

Turkey

Vietnam

There are over 280 hot springs in Vietnam.[23]

Europe

Albania

  • Banjat e Bënjës, near Petran

Azores

Hot springs - Azores
  • São Miguel island hot springs[24]
    • Caldeira Velha, near Lagoa do Fogo nature park with two thermal springs
    • Poca da Dona Beija, 82 °F to 102 °F
    • Ponta da Ferraria, hot springs cove with underwater hydrothermal vents at the ocean front
    • Terra Nostra Park, 95 to 113°F, soaking pool built in 1700s
    • Caldeira das Furnas, high sulphur content with characteristic sulphuric scent

Belgium

Bulgaria

Czech Republic

Georgia

  • Tbilisi, Sulphur Baths

Germany

  • Aachen, 74 degrees C, 165 degrees F
  • Bad Oeynhausen, 36 degrees C, 97 degrees F, with a depth of 725 m and 3000 L/min largest carbonated brine water source in the world.[25]
  • Wiesbaden, 66 degrees C, 151 degrees F

Greece

Spring Region Temperature °C
Max(Min)
Type of mineral spring[26] Alleged therapeutic properties[27]
Agiasmata spring Chios 57.5 Endocrine and musculoskeletal system, degenerative arthritis, rheumatisms, spondyloarthritis, lumbago, sciatica, ankylosis, gynecological ailments, vasculopathies, tendonitis etc.
Agios Fokas Kos 46(45) Balneotherapy for ailments of the musculoskeletal and integumentary system
Agistro [1] Serres 39(34) Hydrotherapy for rheumatism
Apollonas Thermon Saline Spring Ikaria 47.8 Radioactive
Asclepius Saline Spring Ikaria 40 Radioactive super warm spring
Eftalou Lesvos 46(43) Hydrotherapy for chronic rheumatisms, arthritis, sciatica, lumbago, neuralgia, lymphatism, kidney grains, cholelithiasis, gynecological ailments, chest ailments, myositis, chronic degenerative arthritis, injuries, post surgery phase for hemorrhoids, paradontopathia, leucorrhea, skin ailments
Edipsos Evia 80(57) Saline water spring Chronic rheumatisms, degenerative arthritis, spondyloarthritis, neuritis, sciatica, lumbago, post trauma ankylosis and deformations, gynecological ailments
Eleftheron thermal spa Kavala Alkaline saline water spring
Genisaia (Potamia) Xanthi 70(55) Chronic rheumatisms, gynecological ailments, neuralgia, neuritis, allergic skin ailments
Kaiafas Ilia 33.5(32) H2S saline water spring Rheumatisms, autoimmune ailments, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis of the hip and knee, fibromyalgia, skin ailments
The spa facility in Kaiafas
Kalymnos Kalymnos 38.1 Arthritis, rheumatisms, sciatica, lumbago
Kamena Vourla Fthiotida 42(30) Radioactive saline water spring Balneotherapy for ailments of the musculoskeletal and integumentary system
Kimolos Kimolos 46
Kolpou Geras Lesvos 39.7 Rheumatisms, arthritis, neurological ailments, chronic injuries
Kyllini Ilia H2S saline water
Kythnos Kyklades 38–52 Chalybeate acid water spring Chronic and subacute rheumatisms, gynecological ailments, arthritis, neuralgia, skin ailments, cervical syndrome, lumbago- sciatica etc. syndromes, chronic gout
Agioi Anargyroi saline spring: 38 °C; Kakavos ferrous spring:52 °C
Lagadas [2] Thessaloniki 39 Akratothermi Balneotherapy for rheumatism, arthritis, gynecological disorders, skin diseases, kidney diseases
Lakkos Adamanta Kyklades (Milos) 38 Chronic rheumatisms, arthritis, gynecological ailments, neuralgia, neuritis
Lefkada's Thermo Saline Spring Ikaria 58
Loutraki Korinthia 30 Slightly warm – saline water, hypotonic Hydrotherapy for chronic rheumatisms, chronic rheumatoid arthritis, spondylarthrite, sciatica, infections of the skin, allergic skin ailments, psoriasis, eczema
Mandraki Nisyros 48 Rheumatisms, arthritis, gynecological ailments, ailments of the circulatory system
Methana Attiki Sulphurous brine water spring, warm
Nea Apollonia Thessaloniki 57(38) Balneotherapy for rheumatism, arthritis, peripheral nerve disorders, gynecological disorders, fractures, sprains[27]
Nigrita's Thermes Serres 56(25) Alkaline carbonated water spring Balneotherapy for arthritis, rheumatisms, skin ailments, gynecological ailments. Mineral water drinking therapy for ailments of the gastrointestinal system
Palia Kameni hot springs Kyklades (Santorini)
Paranesti Thermia Drama 54
Platystomo Fthiotida 32 Alkaline sulphurous spring Hydrotherapy for rheumatisms, arthritis, skin ailments, gynecological ailments
Polichnitos Lesvos 92(67) Rheumatisms, arthritis, sciatica, gynecological ailments, neuritis, skin ailments
Pozar Spa [3] Pella 37 Balneotherapy for rheumatism, arthritis, peripheral nerve disorders, gynecological and skin diseases, sprains, fractures
Psarotherma Samothraki 100 Rheumatoid arthritis, chronic rheumatisms, gynecological ailments, peripheral vasculopathies, secondary skin ailments, obesity
Sedes Thessaloniki 38(32) Rheumatisms, arthritis, ailments of the peripheral nerves, skin ailments, post trauma conditions, gynecological ailments.
Sidirokastro Serres 55(43.7) Rheumatisms, spondylitis, spilled disc, neuralgia, myalgia, sciatica, joint ailments, gynecological ailments
Smokovo Karditsa 42 Alkaline sulphurous spring Chronic rheumatisms, arthritis, ailments of the respiratory system, ailments of the digestive system, skin ailments, endocrine failures, gynecological ailments
Spilaio Ikarias Ikaria 54
Therma Lemnou [4] Lemnos 43(39) Hydrotherapy for rheumatisms, arthropathy, arthritis, osteoporosis, spondyloarthritis, kidney stones, cholelithiasis
Thermopylae spring Fthiotida 40 H2S saline water spring, warm Rheumatisms, gynecological ailments and ailments of the peripheral nerves
Traianoupoli Evros 52(51) Balneotherapy for ailments of the integumentary system and the musculoskeletal system, as well as for rheumatisms and autoimmune diseases
Vouliagmeni Attiki Saline water spring, hypertonic
Ypati Baths Fthiotida 32 H2S saline water spring Ailments and syndromes of the vessels, arterial hypertension, ailments of the heart and the skin, chronic ailments of the nervous system

Hungary

Iceland

Deildartunguhver, Iceland: the highest flow hot spring in Europe
Hot spring at volcano Leirhnjukur, Iceland

Italy

North Macedonia

  • Negorski Banji
  • Banja Banishte
  • Banja Bansko
  • Banja Kežovica
  • Banja Car Samoil
  • Katlanovska Banja
  • Banja Kochani
  • Debarski Banji
  • Kumanovska Banja
  • Banja Strnovec

Norway

Portugal

  • Ponta da Ferraria, Azores, ocean hot springs
  • Monumento Natural da Caldeira Velha, Azores
  • Parque Terra Nostra, Azores
  • Poça Dona Beija, Azores
  • Caldas de Vizela, Braga District

Romania

Russia

Iturup Baransky volcano Hot Springs
  • Malka, Kamchatka Krai, up to 84 °C (183 °F)
  • Yessentuki, 35.5–46 °C (95.9–114.8 °F)
  • Iturup Baransky Volcano Hot Springs (disputed territory between Russia and Japan)

Serbia

  • Vranjska Banja, 96 degrees C (205 degrees F),[30] in the depth up to 111 degrees C (232 degrees F)[31] – the world hottest spring.[citation needed]
  • Jošanička Banja, 78 °C, the second hottest spring in Serbia
  • Sijarinska Banja, 18 different springs with temperatures between 16 and 71 °C and a natural 8 meter tall geyser around an artificial pool.
  • Kuršumlijska banja, 58 °C
  • Lukovska banja, 56 °C, located at an altitude of 700 m
  • Niška banja, 39 °C
  • Mataruška banja, 38–40 °C

Slovakia

123 hot springs with temperature above 25 degrees C (77 degrees F).[32]

Thermal water park in Bešeňová, Slovakia

Spain

United Kingdom

There are many geothermal springs in the UK, but the hot springs found in the town of Bath, Somerset[41][42][43][44] are the only true hot springs (defined as those hotter than 37 degrees C):

  • Bath
    • Cross Bath, 42.8 °C, 109 °F
    • Stall Street Fountain, 45.4 °C, 113.7 °F
    • Hetling Spring, 45.4 °C, 113.7 °F
    • King's Bath, 45.6 °C, 114 °F
    • Hot Bath, 47.2 °C, 117 °F

Other thermal or warm springs in the UK include:[43]

Oceania

Australia

Hot springs can be found in all six states of Australia as well as the Northern Territory; but apparently not Australian Capital Territory.[51]

Fiji

Hot springs are in the town of Savusavu where local people use the hot springs to cook their food. Some of the springs are situated on the beach and steam can be seen rising from the water at low tide.

New Zealand

Excavations on Hot Water Beach, New Zealand
New Zealand Ngāwhā Hot Springs

There are numerous hot springs in New Zealand, predominantly in the Taupō Volcanic Zone, and in particular around Rotorua. Well known springs outside the Taupō Volcanic Zone include:

Hot springs in the Waimangu Volcanic Rift Valley include:

Hot springs parks

It is common to create parks around hot springs:

United States

See also

References

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  2. ^ N S Robins. "THE THERMAL SPRINGS OF SWAZILAND – A REVIEW" (PDF). Nora.nerc.ac.uk. Retrieved 2017-04-25.
  3. ^ a b c al-Ashraf, Hassan (11 October 2015). "Moroccan hot springs attract medical tourists". The New Arab. Retrieved 19 October 2021.
  4. ^ a b "Six locations in central Mexico where you can enjoy natural hot springs". Mexico News Daily. 8 February 2019. Retrieved 22 October 2021.
  5. ^ a b c Bro, Lindsey (2022). Thermal: Healing with Heat - Saunas, Hot Springs & Baths. San Francisco: Chronicle Books. ISBN 978-1-7972-1857-1.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h Berry, George W.; Grim, Paul J.; Ikelman, Joy A. (1980). Thermal Springs List for the United States. Boulder, Colorado: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
  7. ^ Gersh-Young, Marjorie (2011). Hot Springs and Hot Pools of the Southwest. Santa Cruz, California: Aqua Thermal Access.
  8. ^ "IN HOT WATER: FOR THE LOVE OF NEW MEXICO HOT SPRINGS AND MINERAL BATHS". santafe.com. Retrieved 30 November 2019.
  9. ^ "Berkeley Springs State Park". Berkeleyspringssp.com. Retrieved 2017-04-25.
  10. ^ "Themal Springs in the U.S." NOAA. Retrieved 30 November 2019.
  11. ^ "USA Hot Springs". acme.com.
  12. ^ "Centro Termal Las Trincheras – Hotel Spa". Trincheras.net. Retrieved 2017-04-25.
  13. ^ "Rio Aguas Calientes • Eje Turístico Península de Paria • Estado Sucre". Turismosucre.com.ve. 2014-01-20. Retrieved 2017-04-25.
  14. ^ "El Borbollón: Aguas termales a orillas del mar". Turismosucre.com.ve. Retrieved 2017-04-25.
  15. ^ "Sita Kund". Government of Bihar. Retrieved 19 February 2021.
  16. ^ "Rishikund Rishikesh". Tour my India. Retrieved 19 February 2021.
  17. ^ a b Behera, B. K. "Prefeasibility study for 1MW Geothermal Power Generation in Gujarat, India" (PDF). School of Petroleum Technology, Pandit Dindayal Petroleum University.
  18. ^ DeshGujarat (23 May 2015). "Unai hot water spring totally dries up!". DeshGujarat. Retrieved 7 February 2016.
  19. ^ "Kheerganga trek". 31 March 2020.
  20. ^ "गंझुनिया गर्म कुंड में भी पहुंच रहे लोग 9990893". Jagran.com (in Hindi). 2012-12-29. Retrieved 2017-04-25.
  21. ^ "Special". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2006-11-09.
  22. ^ Wijetilake, P.M.S. (2011). "The potential of geothermal energy resources in Sri Lanka". United Nations University, Geothermal Training Programme. Report, 34.
  23. ^ Anh, Tran Tuan; Toan, Dinh Van (2017). "Identification of geothermal reservoir from exploration data in the Bang hot spring area, Central Vietnam". Vietnam Journal of Earth Sciences. 39 (3): 289–302. doi:10.15625/0866-7187/39/3/10590. Retrieved 28 November 2021.
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External links

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML
  • List of "natural" hot springs worldwide for soaking and bathing
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