Zaamin National Park

Zaamin National Park (Jizzakh Region) is the oldest nature reserve in Uzbekistan. It was created in 1926 as the Guralash Nature Preserve, and is located on the northern side of the Turkestan Range. Due to its green landscape and beauty, the Zaamin National Park is often referred to as the Switzerland of Uzbekistan.

Zaamin National Park
Map showing the location of Zaamin National Park
Map showing the location of Zaamin National Park
Map of Uzbekistan
LocationJizzakh Region, Uzbekistan
Nearest cityZomin
Coordinates39°36′47″N 68°30′04″E / 39.613°N 68.501°E / 39.613; 68.501[1]Coordinates: 39°36′47″N 68°30′04″E / 39.613°N 68.501°E / 39.613; 68.501[1]
Area156 km2 (60 sq mi)
Established1926

Geography

The Zaamin National Park covers 156 km2 (60 sq mi) of protected mountain landscapes in the Zomin District of Jizzakh Region in the east of Uzbekistan. It includes the valleys of the Aldashmansoy, Baikungur, Gurulash, and Kulsoy rivers, which provide ample water for local flora and fauna in what is otherwise a dry continental climate. There is also a large, man-made reservoir close to the park entrance.[2]

The lowest parts of Zaamin National Park are in the Guralash Valley, at around 1,700 m (5,600 ft). The highest point within the park is the top of Guralash Peak 3,571 m (11,716 ft),[3] though several mountains are visible nearby.

Flora and Fauna

Ecosystems within the Zaamin National Park vary from juniper forests to alpine meadows. More than 700 species of plants have been recorded here, including 30 types of medicinal herbs.[4] In springtime the red tulips and white acacias add bright colour to the mountain slopes; and in the autumn months, the leaves on the hazelnut and birch trees turn gold. There are also large numbers of plane trees.

Zaamin National Park

Researchers have recorded 40 species of mammals and 150 species of birds in Zaamin. These include many rare and endangered species listed in the Red Book of Uzbekistan.[5] Snow leopard, Asiatic black bear, and Turkestan lynx have all been seen here, and the park is also an important nesting site for black stork. Ducks, geese, pelicans, and grey herons all migrate to Zaamin in the spring. There are bearded vulture in the Chortangi Gorge.[6]

Zaamin National Park

Activities

A large, futuristic sanatorium was built on the edge of Zaamin National Park in the 1970s and it now houses the park’s visitor centre as well as guest accommodation.[7] There is a local market here selling cheese and herbs, and also several cafes. The sanatorium is used as a base by mountaineers climbing Shaukartau and Tokalichuk.[8]

There has been a beginner's ski slope in Zaamin since 2012, and the area is currently being developed into a modern ski resort with gondola and chair lifts.[9] A golf course is also under construction.

Other popular activities in the park include hiking, picnicking, and bird watching. There are several children’s camps in the area and it is a popular holiday spot for families.

Zaamin National Park during winter

External link

  • Zaamin Park: General information (Russian).

References

  1. ^ "Zaamin National Park". protectedplanet.net.
  2. ^ "Zaamin National Park, Jizzakh, Uzbekistan". uzbek-travel.com. Retrieved 2021-10-22.
  3. ^ "Guralash". PeakVisor. Retrieved 2021-10-22.
  4. ^ "Zaamin National Park, Jizzakh, Uzbekistan". uzbek-travel.com. Retrieved 2021-10-22.
  5. ^ "The Red Book of Uzbekistan Vol 2, 5th Edition". 2019-01-01. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  6. ^ "Zaamin National Park, Jizzakh, Uzbekistan". uzbek-travel.com. Retrieved 2021-10-22.
  7. ^ "Zaamin National Park | Uzbekistan Travel". uzbekistan.travel. Retrieved 2021-10-22.
  8. ^ "Zaamin National Park, Jizzakh, Uzbekistan". uzbek-travel.com. Retrieved 2021-10-22.
  9. ^ "Uzbekistan to open all-season ski resort in its pure and intact Zaamin district". UzReport.news (in Russian). Retrieved 2021-10-22.

Gallery


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