Yuai

Yuai
Town
Yuai is located in South Sudan
Yuai
Yuai
Location of Yuai in South Sudan
Coordinates: 7°54′N 31°53′E / 7.900°N 31.883°E / 7.900; 31.883
CountrySouth Sudan
StateBieh State
CountyUror County

Yuai is the capital of Uror County, Bieh State in the Greater Upper Nile region of South Sudan. It is the most populous place in Uror County.[1] It has historically been associated with the Nuer White Army.

History

Yuai was a garrison of the SPLA-Nasir during the Second Sudanese Civil War. It was attacked by the SPLA in 1993.[2]

Yuai was one of the Lou Nuer areas where fighting occurred during the forced disarmament of the Lou Nuer in 2006. A conference was held in Yuai from February 27 to March 7 to convince the Lou Nuer to disarm, but it was unsuccessful.[3]

After the outbreak of the South Sudanese Civil War, Yuai quickly came under the control of the SPLA-IO. On December 20, 2013, two UNMISS helicopters were fired on by anti-government forces when evacuating military personnel and internally displaced persons in Yuai.[4] One of the helicopters was damaged.[5] The deteriorating security caused the United Nations to relocate its personnel from Yuai. By August 2014, there were 14,000 internally displaced persons in the Yuai area.[6] In August 2016, SPLM-IO officials detained a charted Kenyan chartered plane when it landed in Yuai.[7] In February 2017, Yuai, which had been peaceful throughout the South Sudanese Civil War, began experiencing clashes.[8] The SPLA took Yuai without heavy fighting on February 15, 2017, but the SPLA-IO launched unsuccessful an attack to retake the town the next morning.[9] The SPLA-IO attacked Yuai on March 12, 2017 but was repulsed. The SPLA-IO claimed to have killed 93 and destroyed a tank and two other military vehicles while losing 5 killed and 9 wounded in the attack, while the SPLA claimed they killed 23 and injured 50 without any losses.[10] There was fighting between the SPLA and SPLA-IO around Yuai from April 12–13, 2017.[11] Médecins Sans Frontières reported in June 2017 that 27,000 people had fled Yuai and Waat since February of that year.[12]

Yuai was part of Jonglei State until the reorganization of states in 2015, in which Yuai became part of Eastern Bieh State. Eastern Bieh State was later renamed Bieh State.

Demographics

Yuai is inhabited by the Lou Nuer and has been a stronghold of the Nuer White Army.[13]

References

  1. ^ "South Sudanese rival factions clash in Bieh state - Sudan Tribune: Plural news and views on Sudan".
  2. ^ "Dilemmas of development: Conflicts of interest and their resolutions in modernizing Africa" (PDF). 2008. p. 178.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. ^ ISSAfrica.org (2007-04-06). "Sudan People's Liberation Army: Disarmament in Jonglei and its implications". ISS Africa. Retrieved 2019-12-31.
  4. ^ Malan, Mark; Hunt, Charles T. (2014-11-01). "Between a Rock and a Hard Place The UN and the Protection of Civilians in South Sudan". Africa Portal. Retrieved 2019-12-31.
  5. ^ "UN helicopter shot down near Yuai". Radio Tamazuj. Retrieved 2019-12-31.
  6. ^ "Displaced people in Uror, Jonglei fear food shortages". Radio Tamazuj. Retrieved 2019-12-31.
  7. ^ "SPLA-IO detains Kenyan plane and crew in Yuai town". Radio Tamazuj. Retrieved 2019-12-31.
  8. ^ "MSF: Civilians fleeing fighting cut off from healthcare in Yuai". Radio Tamazuj. Retrieved 2019-12-31.
  9. ^ "Government troops take over Yuai town from rebels". Radio Tamazuj. Retrieved 2019-12-31.
  10. ^ "Fresh clashes between government and opposition in Yuai". Radio Tamazuj. Retrieved 2019-12-31.
  11. ^ "Government and opposition fighting continues around Yuai town". Radio Tamazuj. Retrieved 2019-12-31.
  12. ^ "MSF: Civilians fleeing attacks at risk of cholera in Bieh state". Radio Tamazuj. Retrieved 2019-12-31.
  13. ^ "South Sudanese rival factions clash in Bieh state - Sudan Tribune: Plural news and views on Sudan". www.sudantribune.com. Retrieved 2019-12-31.

Coordinates: 7°54′N 31°53′E / 7.900°N 31.883°E / 7.900; 31.883

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