Whitewater, Kansas

Whitewater, Kansas
Location within Butler County and Kansas
Location within Butler County and Kansas
KDOT map of Butler County (legend)
Coordinates: 37°57′47″N 97°8′51″W / 37.96306°N 97.14750°W / 37.96306; -97.14750Coordinates: 37°57′47″N 97°8′51″W / 37.96306°N 97.14750°W / 37.96306; -97.14750[1]
CountryUnited States
StateKansas
CountyButler
Founded1870s
Platted1885
Incorporated1890
Government
 • TypeMayor–Council
 • MayorPat Ryan [2][3]
Area
[4]
 • Total0.41 sq mi (1.06 km2)
 • Land0.41 sq mi (1.06 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
[1]
1,368 ft (417 m)
Population
 (2020)[5]
 • Total661
 • Density1,600/sq mi (620/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
67154
Area code316
FIPS code20-78050 [1]
GNIS ID473708 [1]

Whitewater is a city in Butler County, Kansas, United States.[1] As of the 2020 census, the population of the city was 661.[5]

History

Early history

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1855, Butler County was established within the Kansas Territory, which included the land for modern day Whitewater.

The city originally formed several miles to the east. A post office was established as White Water (as two words) on August 7, 1871. The post office was renamed to Ovo on July 7, 1882.

In 1887, the Chicago, Kansas and Nebraska Railway built a branch line north–south from Herington through Whitewater to Caldwell.[6] It foreclosed in 1891 and was taken over by Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railway, which shut down in 1980 and reorganized as Oklahoma, Kansas and Texas Railroad, merged in 1988 with Missouri Pacific Railroad, merged in 1997 with Union Pacific Railroad. Most locals still refer to this railroad as the "Rock Island".

Between 1885 and 1888, several buildings were moved to the present location on the Whitewater River after the Missouri Pacific railroad came through the area. The city was established where the Missouri Pacific and Rock Island railroads intersected.[7] The post office was renamed to White Water on May 15, 1888.[8]

20th century

The historic Oak Lawn Farm Dairy Barn was built near Whitewater in 1926.

On November 1, 1950, the post office name was changed to Whitewater (one word).

In 1961, Frederic Remington High School was built immediately north of Brainerd. Leading up to this new school, Whitewater, Potwin, Brainerd, Elbing, Furley, Countryside, and Golden Gate schools merged to form a joint rural high school. Heated opposition between Whitewater and Potwin occurred during the discussion for the location of the new high school. Rural voters pushed for a centralized location in neither town. A public vote was passed to build the new school near Brainerd.[9]

Geography

Whitewater is located at 37°57′47″N 97°8′51″W / 37.96306°N 97.14750°W / 37.96306; -97.14750 (37.963178, -97.147435),[10] along the West Branch of the Whitewater River. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.40 square miles (1.04 km2), all of it land.[11]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890184
190026745.1%
191051894.0%
19205567.3%
19305560.0%
1940515−7.4%
1950453−12.0%
196049910.2%
19705204.2%
198075144.4%
1990683−9.1%
2000653−4.4%
201071810.0%
2020661−7.9%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census[12] of 2010, there were 718 people, 254 households, and 189 families living in the city. The population density was 1,795.0 inhabitants per square mile (693.1/km2). There were 267 housing units at an average density of 667.5 per square mile (257.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.3% White, 1.8% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.8% Pacific Islander, 0.4% from other races, and 3.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.6% of the population.

There were 254 households, of which 37.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.2% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 25.6% were non-families. 23.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.05.

The median age in the city was 42.7 years. 25.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.4% were from 25 to 44; 27% were from 45 to 64; and 19.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.8% male and 52.2% female.

2000 census

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 653 people, 232 households, and 171 families living in the city. The population density was 1,976.0 people per square mile (764.0/km2). There were 255 housing units at an average density of 771.6 per square mile (298.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.78% White, 0.31% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.15% from other races, and 2.60% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.46% of the population.

There were 232 households, out of which 36.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.5% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.9% were non-families. 23.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 24.3% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 23.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $42,813, and the median income for a family was $43,984. Males had a median income of $33,958 versus $21,417 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,078. About 3.3% of families and 5.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.0% of those under age 18 and 4.2% of those age 65 or over.

Government

The Whitewater government consists of a mayor and five council members. The council meets the 4th Monday of each month at 7PM.[2][3]

  • City Hall, 201 S Elm St.
  • US Post Office, 117 S Main St.

Education

Public

The community is served by Remington USD 206 public school district. The Remington High School mascot is a Bronco.

Library

  • Whitewater Memorial Library[14]

Media

Print

Radio

Whitewater is served by numerous radio stations of the Wichita-Hutchinson listening market area,[15] and satellite radio. See Media in Wichita, Kansas.

Television

Whitewater is served by over-the-air ATSC digital TV of the Wichita-Hutchinson viewing market area,[16] cable TV, and satellite TV. See Media in Wichita, Kansas.

Infrastructure

1914 railroad map

Transportation

K-196 highway runs along the south side of the city. The Oklahoma Kansas Texas (OKT)[17] line of the Union Pacific Railroad runs through the north-west side of the city.

Notable person

  • Hattie Louthan (1865–1950), writer, author of five books and contributed to newspapers and magazines.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Whitewater, Kansas", Geographic Names Information System, United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior
  2. ^ a b Whitewater - Directory of Public Officials
  3. ^ a b Whitewater - Government
  4. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2020.
  5. ^ a b "Profile of Whitewater, Kansas in 2020". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on November 12, 2021. Retrieved November 12, 2021.
  6. ^ Rock Island Rail History
  7. ^ http://skyways.lib.ks.us/genweb/archives/butler/history/1916/11.html History of Butler County, pp. 175-176
  8. ^ "Kansas Post Offices, 1828-1961, page 2 (archived)". Kansas Historical Society. Archived from the original on October 9, 2013. Retrieved 5 June 2014.
  9. ^ USD 206 History
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  14. ^ Whitewater Memorial Library
  15. ^ Wichita-Hutchinson Radio market.
  16. ^ Wichita-Hutchinson TV market.
  17. ^ "UP Railroad Common Line Names" (PDF). Union Pacific Railroad. Retrieved 2010-08-02.

Further reading

  • Whitewater, Kansas, 1890-1990; Marge Wohlgemuth; Kes-Print; 192 pages; 1990.
  • Plum Grove, Brainerd, Whitewater, and Potwin from 1870 to 1900; Roland H. Ensz; Emporia State University; 134 pages; 1970.
  • A Picture Of A Small Town; Darryl Claassen & Kim Fields; 145 pages; 2015; A pictorial history of Whitewater.
  • A Picture Of A Volunteer Fire Department; Darryl Claassen; 119 pages; 2015; A pictorial history of the Whitewater Fire Department from 1890–2015.
  • A Picture Of A Rural School; Darryl Claassen & Kim Fields; 307 pages; 2019; A history with photos of the 44 schools from 1868 to date which existed within the current Remington USD 206.

External links

  • City of Whitewater
  • Whitewater - Directory of Public Officials
  • The history of Whitewater, Frederic Remington Area Historical Society
  • Whitewater city map, KDOT
  • Topo Map of Whitewater / Furley area, USGS
  • Topo Map of Whitewater / Potwin / Brainerd area, USGS
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