Weil am Rhein

Weil am Rhein
Townhall and market place of Weil am Rhein
Townhall and market place of Weil am Rhein
Coat of arms of Weil am Rhein
Location of Weil am Rhein within Lörrach district
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About this image
Weil am Rhein is located in Germany
Weil am Rhein
Weil am Rhein
Weil am Rhein is located in Baden-Württemberg
Weil am Rhein
Weil am Rhein
Coordinates: 47°35′41″N 7°36′39″E / 47.59472°N 7.61083°E / 47.59472; 7.61083Coordinates: 47°35′41″N 7°36′39″E / 47.59472°N 7.61083°E / 47.59472; 7.61083
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Admin. regionFreiburg
DistrictLörrach
Subdivisions7
Government
 • Lord mayor (2016–24) Wolfgang Dietz[1] (CDU)
Area
 • Total19.47 km2 (7.52 sq mi)
Elevation
281 m (922 ft)
Population
 (2021-12-31)[2]
 • Total30,251
 • Density1,600/km2 (4,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
79546–79576
Dialling codes07621
Vehicle registration
Websitewww.weil-am-rhein.de

Weil am Rhein (High Alemannic: Wiil am Rhii) is a German town and commune. It is on the east bank of the River Rhine, and extends to the point at which the Swiss, French and German borders meet. It is the most southwesterly town in Germany and a suburb of the Swiss city Basel. Weil am Rhein is part of the "trinationale Agglomeration Basel" with about 830,000 inhabitants.

Geography

Weil am Rhein
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
55
 
 
5
−1
 
 
51
 
 
7
−1
 
 
49
 
 
11
2
 
 
66
 
 
15
4
 
 
85
 
 
20
8
 
 
88
 
 
23
12
 
 
79
 
 
25
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25
14
 
 
74
 
 
21
11
 
 
66
 
 
16
7
 
 
56
 
 
9
2
 
 
71
 
 
6
0
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: The National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)
Imperial conversion
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
2.2
 
 
40
30
 
 
2
 
 
44
30
 
 
1.9
 
 
53
36
 
 
2.6
 
 
59
40
 
 
3.3
 
 
67
47
 
 
3.5
 
 
73
53
 
 
3.1
 
 
78
57
 
 
3.1
 
 
77
56
 
 
2.9
 
 
70
51
 
 
2.6
 
 
60
45
 
 
2.2
 
 
48
36
 
 
2.8
 
 
42
32
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches

Weil am Rhein is located at 47°35′42″N 7°36′39.6″E / 47.59500°N 7.611000°E / 47.59500; 7.611000 in the district of Lörrach in the Federal State of Baden-Württemberg. The city limits border France to the west and Switzerland to the south including the triple border of the three countries. Locally, Weil is situated in the region referred to as Markgräflerland.

The city's location on the Rhine and proximity to the Black Forest give it a continental climate, particularly suited to viticulture.

History

The town is first documented in the year 786 as Willa, a name which is thought to be of Roman origin. The duc de Villars crossed the Rhine here in October 1702 to fight the Battle of Friedlingen during the War of the Spanish Succession. Weil was severely damaged as a result of the conflict.

Agriculture dominated local industry until the 19th century, when the city began to grow, aided by its favourable transport connections. A railway marshalling yard linking Weil am Rhein to Basel was built in 1913. Swiss textile factories were established in the Friedlingen quarter. 1934 saw the construction of a harbour on the Rhine.

After the Second World War the population again grew rapidly due to the influx of refugees and stateless persons. Between 1971 and 1975 the communities of Ötlingen, Haltingen and Märkt were incorporated and Weil am Rhein became a substantial town.

Since 2014, line 8 of the Basel tram system has extended across the border from Switzerland to terminate in Weil am Rhein.

Mergers

The former municipalities were merged into Weil am Rhein:

  • 1 December 1971: Ötlingen[3]
  • 1 January 1975: Haltingen[4] and Märkt[5]
Coat of arms of the former municipalities

Twin towns – sister cities

Weil am Rhein is twinned with:[6]

Tourism and leisure

Vitra Design Museum
  • The premises of the furniture maker Vitra, featuring buildings by architects such as Frank Gehry, Zaha Hadid and Tadao Ando, are an attraction for architecture fans. The premises also include the Vitra Design Museum.
  • The Laguna water park
  • Landesgartenschau Baden-Württemberg 1999, "Grün 99"[7]

Notable people

Associated with Weil am Rhein

  • Erwin Bowien (1899–1972), painter and writer[8]
  • Hubert Schardin (1902–1965), physicist, lived in Weil am Rhein
  • Artimus Pyle (born 1948), Lynyrd Skynyrd drummer, traces his ancestry to Weil am Rhein through Claus Koger (1572–1630)
  • Martin Beneke (born 1966), physicist, completed his schooling at the Kant-Gymnasium in Weil am Rhein

References

  1. ^ Aktuelle Wahlergebnisse, Staatsanzeiger, accessed 13 September 2021.
  2. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2021" [Population by nationality and sex as of December 31, 2021] (CSV) (in German). Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg. June 2022.
  3. ^ Portrait of Ötlingen (in German). Retrieved 30 June 2014.
  4. ^ Portrait of Haltingen (in German). Retrieved 30 June 2014.
  5. ^ Portrait of Märkt (in German). Retrieved 30 June 2014.
  6. ^ "Partnerstädte". weil-am-rhein.de (in German). Weil am Rhein. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  7. ^ 1999 Landesgartenschau Weil am Rhein Archived 8 April 2015 at the Wayback Machine (in German). Retrieved 30 June 2014.
  8. ^ Erwin Bowien: Das Schöne Spiel zwischen Geist und Welt, mein Malerleben. U-Form Verlag, Solingen, 1995; ISBN 3-88234-101-7

External links

  • Official site (in German)
  • Vitra Design Museum (in German and English)
  • Laguna water park (in German)
  • Weil am Rhein: pictures (in German)
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