Warrap (state)

Warrap
Warab
Flag of Warrap
Official seal of Warrap
Location in South Sudan.
Location in South Sudan.
Coordinates: 08°10′N 28°04′E / 8.167°N 28.067°E / 8.167; 28.067
Country South Sudan
RegionBahr el Ghazal
CapitalKuajok
Government
 • GovernorGen. Kuol Muor Muor[1]
Area
 • Total45,567.24 km2 (17,593.61 sq mi)
Population
 (2017 estimate[2])
 • Total1,379,960
 • Density30/km2 (78/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (CAT)
HDI (2021)0.311[3]
low · 9th of 10
Websitewww.warrap.gov.ss

Warrap is one of the ten states in South Sudan, located in the Bahr el Ghazal region. The state became part of South Sudan after a successful secession from Sudan on 9 July 2011. Wanhalel, the place where first Jieng Customary Laws were initiated and hometown to prominent politician, Gen. Nhial Deng Nhial is located in Tonj South County of Warrap State[4] The current governor is Gen. Kuol Muor Muor who replaced Manhiem Bol Malek in November, 2023.[1]

History

In 2015, a presidential decree established a new system of 28 states, replacing the previously established 10. Warrap State was replaced by the states of Twic, Gogrial and Tonj.[5] Warrap State was re-established by a peace agreement signed on 22 February 2020.[6]

List of Governors

  • Gen. Aleu Ayieny Aleu (Jan. 2021 - Nov. 2022)[1]
  • Brig. Manhiem Bol Malek (Nov. 2022 - Nov.2023)[2]
  • Col. Kuol Muor Muor (Nov. 2023 - Present)[1][3]

Overview

Counties in Warrap

Warrap State comprises an area of 31,027 km². Kuajok is the capital of Warrap state. All states in South Sudan are divided into counties, each headed by a County Commissioner appointed by the President of the Republic of South Sudan

County Area (km2) Population
Census 2008
County
Commissioner
Gogrial East 3,890.55 103,283 Maluach Malueth
Gogrial West 4,754.37 243,921 Makuc Aruol Luach
Tonj South 7,449.73 86,592 Nhial Deng Nhial (Acting)
Tonj North 11,012.05 165,222 Kuol Akoon Kuol
Tonj East 3,990.61 116,122 John Deng Kok
Twic 3,922.65 204,905 Deng Tong Goch

Location

Warrap State is located in the Bahr el Ghazal region. To its north lies the disputed region of Abyei, to its east lies Unity State. To the west is Western Bahr el Ghazal and Northern Bahr el Ghazal, and to its south lies the Lakes State.[7]

People

The state is home to the Luanyjang, Twic, Jur-Man Anger, Bongo and Rek subtribes of Nilotic ethnicity. The Twic, Luanyjang, and Rek are of Dinka tribes. Slate Nation, a prominent artist based in Australian is from Tonj South County of Warrap State [8] Warrap State is also home to the late Manute Bol who hailed from Twic county. Upon his death in 2010, NBA basketball star Manute Bol was buried in the Warrap state in his hometown of Turalei.[9]

The president of the Republic of South Sudan, Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit is a native of Warrap State.[10] Alek Wek, a prominent International model of South Sudan descent and British citizenship, also hailed from the state.[11]

Government

The state constitution was adopted in 2008. Lewis Anei Madut-Kuendit was the first governor of the state and Akech Tong Aleu was the last governor of Warrap state. Madot Dut Deng was the last Speaker of the State Assembly.[12]

Religion

The main religions in Warrap State are the African Traditional Religion Christianity (Catholicism, Protestantism). A sizable proportion of the population practices African traditional religions.

References

  1. ^ a b c "President Kiir relieves three ministers, Warrap Governor". Eye Radio. 2023-11-28. Retrieved 2023-12-16.
  2. ^ "South Sudan: States and counties". www.citypopulation.de. Retrieved 2024-02-14.
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2020-04-18.
  4. ^ "From Unwritten to Written: Transformation of Jieeng Customary Law into Qanun Wanh-alel" (PDF). Australasian Review of African Studies. 43 (1). 2022. doi:10.22160/22035184/ARAS-2022-43-1/41-55.
  5. ^ "New decree creates ethnic enclaves for Nuer". Radio Tamazuj. 2 October 2015. Archived from the original on 22 February 2017. Retrieved 21 February 2017.
  6. ^ "After 6 years of war, will peace finally come to South Sudan?".
  7. ^ Map of South Sudan
  8. ^ "Slate Nation". hotinjuba.com. 2018-12-13.
  9. ^ "Basketball star Bol buried in south Sudan". July 5, 2010. Archived from the original on June 1, 2012. Retrieved October 3, 2019 – via af.reuters.com.
  10. ^ President Salva Kiir Comes From Warrap State
  11. ^ Campbell, Roy H. "Refugee from Sudan takes runways by storm Fashion: 19-year-old Alek Wek's regal carriage and exotic face may begin to change the Western concept of beauty". baltimoresun.com. Retrieved October 3, 2019.
  12. ^ Deng, Madot. "Speaker of the State Assembly".
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