Village (Taiwan)

Villages are the basic level administrative subdivisions of the Republic of China, under townships, county-administered cities or districts. There are two types of villages depending on the divisions it belongs to.[1]

Name Chinese Mandarin
Administered by
Urban village Urban township, County-administered city, District, Mountain indigenous district
Rural village cūn chhun Rural township, Mountain indigenous township

Structuring and Sizing

The history of Village in Taiwan could date back to the Hoko system in the Japanese era, which ho () changed into village after Republic of China ruled Taiwan. The formation of village helps to divide area in considerations for transportation and city planning. The formation of village and its size depends largely on the county it is located or the population nature of the local area. In counties or districts of limited population, 100 households could form a village whereas in dense populated New Taipei, 1,000 households are necessary to form a village. In very densely populated areas, a village could comprise a population of up to 4,000 households. (Fushan Village of Kaohsiung City contains a population of 39,800) Thus the sizes of village varies widely.

The following are the statistics of villages in each administrative division in June 2018.

Region Township-level
Types of Villages
Urban Rural
Fujian Province Kinmen County 6 37 24 13
Lienchiang County 4 22 0 22
Kaohsiung City 38 891 891 0
New Taipei City 29 1032 1032 0
Taichung City 29 625 625 0
Tainan City 37 649 649 0
Taipei City 12 456 456 0
Taiwan Province Changhua County 26 589 264 325
Chiayi City 2 84 84 0
Chiayi County 18 357 89 268
Hsinchu City 3 122 122 0
Hsinchu County 13 192 96 96
Hualien County 13 177 72 105
Keelung City 7 157 157 0
Miaoli County 18 275 169 106
Nantou County 13 262 133 129
Penghu County 6 96 34 62
Pingtung County 33 463 139 324
Taitung County 16 147 61 86
Yilan County 12 233 111 122
Yunlin County 20 391 164 227
Taoyuan City 13 504 504 0
Total 368 7761 5876 1885


The head of a village is elected by the people of the village every four years, the head is subsidized with 45,000 NT per month for local transportation, stationary, postage and bill fees.

The head of a village holds responsibility to accept complaints and suggestions, initiate and hold meetings, handout certificates of various sorts, encourage bill payments and assist filling out of government documents if required.

Example of villages in Taiwan

Caoling Village in Gukeng Township, Yunlin County.
Region District or Township Village
Kaohsiung City Jiaxin District
Cianjhen District
Zuoying District
Guanshan, Siaolin
New Taipei City Ruifang District Houtong
Changhua County Fuxing Township Xishi
Chiayi County Alishan Township Leye
Kinmen County Jincheng Township Zhushan
Nantou County Puli Township Taomi
Yunlin County Gukeng Township Caoling

See also

Overview of administrative divisions of the Republic of China
Republic of China
Free area[i] Mainland area[ii]
Special municipalities[α][iii] Provinces[iv] Not administered[v]
Counties[α] Autonomous municipalities[α][vi]
Districts[β] Mountain
Townships[α][β][vii] Districts[β]
  1. ^ a b c d e f Has an elected executive and an elected legislative council.
  2. ^ a b c Has an appointed district administrator for managing local affairs and carrying out tasks commissioned by superior agency.
  3. ^ Has an elected village administrator for managing local affairs and carrying out tasks commissioned by superior agency.


  1. ^ Also known as the Taiwan area or Tai–Min area (Chinese: 臺閩地區; lit. 'Taiwan–Fujian area')
  2. ^ The mainland area consists of Mainland China, Tibet and (previously) Outer Mongolia
  3. ^ Special municipalities, cities, and county-administered cities are all called shi (Chinese: ; lit. 'city')
  4. ^ Nominal; provincial governments have been abolished
  5. ^ Constitutionally having the same structure as the free area, these are currently under the Chinese Communist Party control with a different structure
  6. ^ Sometimes called cities (Chinese: ) or provincial cities (Chinese: 省轄市) to distinguish them from special municipalities and county-administered cities
  7. ^ There are two types of townships: rural townships or xīang (Chinese: ) and urban townships or zhèn (Chinese: )
  8. ^ Villages in rural townships are known as tsūn (Chinese: ), those in other jurisdictions are known as (Chinese: )


  1. ^
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