Vaassen

Vaassen
Drawbridge across Apeldoorns Kanaal
Drawbridge across Apeldoorns Kanaal
Flag of Vaassen
Vaassen is located in Gelderland
Vaassen
Vaassen
Location in the province of Gelderland
Vaassen is located in Netherlands
Vaassen
Vaassen
Vaassen (Netherlands)
Coordinates: 52°17′17″N 5°58′10″E / 52.28806°N 5.96944°E / 52.28806; 5.96944Coordinates: 52°17′17″N 5°58′10″E / 52.28806°N 5.96944°E / 52.28806; 5.96944
CountryNetherlands
ProvinceGelderland
MunicipalityEpe
Area
[1]
 • Total46.94 km2 (18.12 sq mi)
Elevation
[2]
12 m (39 ft)
Population
 (2021)[1]
 • Total12,655
 • Density270/km2 (700/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
8171 & 8172[1]
Dialing code0578
Windmill: Daams' molen

Vaassen (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈvaːsə(n)]; Low German: Vaossen) is one of four villages in the Dutch municipality of Epe. Vaassen is situated between Apeldoorn and Zwolle, on the eastern edge of the Veluwe in the province of Gelderland. Vaassen was an independent municipality up to 1 January 1818, when it merged with Epe.[3]

History

The earliest signs of residents in this area are the burial mounds and "Celtic Fields" (square fields surrounded by small earthen walls, dating from the Iron Age) northwest of Vaassen in the Veluwe, between the Elburgerweg and Gortelseweg. There is a large complex (about 76 acres) of these fields in Vaassen, around Gortelseweg. The German inhabitants were farmers and lived there during the Roman era. They inhabited wooden huts and lived from agriculture, livestock, cultivation of herbs, and hunting deer and boar.

The town was mentioned for the first time in a certificate from the Codex Laureshamnensis of the monastery of Lorschin in the year 891 or 892, when someone called Brunhilde gave a farmhouse and the church to Lorsch.[4] The name Vaassen derives from "Fasna", an old word for a specific rough type of grass.[5]

From 2 September 1887 up to 8 October 1950 there was a railway station in Vaassen. The station was part of the so-called Baron line between Apeldoorn and Zwolle. In 1950 the station was closed because the line was discontinued. The former railway station is still in existence, but is now used as a dwelling.

Vaassen is characterized by a centuries-long coexistence of Protestant and Roman Catholic populations.

In the 1950s, groups of Moluccans were housed in Vaassen. Berkenoord Camp was used for housing. On 14 October 1976, friction with the government regarding housing led to the evacuation of the Moluccans from this dwelling place. Today there is still a considerable Moluccan community in Vaassen.

Architecture

Vaassen's most remarkable historical building is the 16th century Cannenburgh Castle, once home to the knight Maarten van Rossum.

Cannenburgh Castle in Vaassen

Neighborhoods in Vaassen

Berkenoord, Berkenoord II, The Oosterhof, Heggerenk, Oranjebuurt, Transvaalbuurt, Vogelbuurt, Industriewijk, Vulcanusbuurt and Vossenhoek.

Townships of Vaassen

De Hegge, De Jonas, Geerstraat, Hafkamp, Kortenbroek, 't Laar, Niersen, Vaassense Broek and De Uulenberg.

Sightseeing

  • Daams' Mill. An 8-sail wind mill with a corn mill function, restored in 1989. To ensure adequate wind for the mill, and also the development of the center of Vaassen, the mill was raised by 4.9 meters by mid-2012. The raising had to be done because of the so-called wind rights.
  • Cannenburgh Castle.
  • Cannenburger Mill, a water mill.

References

  1. ^ a b c "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2021". Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 19 March 2022.
  2. ^ "Postcodetool for 8171AA". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 19 March 2022.
  3. ^ Ad van der Meer and Onno Boonstra, Repertorium van Nederlandse gemeenten, KNAW, 2011.
  4. ^ "PURL-Resolver". Literature.at. Retrieved 4 January 2015.
  5. ^ Groenedijk, T. (2000). Nederlandse plaatsnamen. Hoogeveen: Slingenberg Boekproducties. p. 162. ISBN 90-76113-81-5.

External links

Cannenburgh Castle in Winter
  • Media related to Vaassen at Wikimedia Commons
  • Site of the town of Vaassen
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