Uthai Thani province

Uthai Thani
Wat Chan Tharam
Flag of Uthai Thani
Official seal of Uthai Thani
อุทัยธานี เมืองพระชนกจักรี ปลาแรดรสดี ประเพณีเทโว ส้มโอบ้านน้ำตก มรดกโลกห้วยขาแข้ง แหล่งต้นน้ำสะแกกรัง ตลาดนัดดังโคกระบือ
("Uthai Thani. City of the father of Chakri (dynasty). Tasty giant gourami fish. (Tak Bat) Devo festival. Ban Namtok's pomelos. Huai Kha Khaeng world heritage. Source of the Sakae Krang river. Famous cattle market.")
Map of Thailand highlighting Uthai Thani province
Map of Thailand highlighting Uthai Thani province
CapitalUthai Thani
 • GovernorKhajonkiat Rakpanichmanee
 • Total6,647 km2 (2,566 sq mi)
 • RankRanked 30th
 • Total328,618
 • RankRanked 67th
 • Density50/km2 (100/sq mi)
  • RankRanked 72nd
Human Achievement Index
 • HAI (2022)0.6369 "average"
Ranked 44th
 • Totalbaht 29 billion
(US$1.0 billion) (2019)
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code
Calling code056
ISO 3166 codeTH-61

Uthai Thani (Thai: อุทัยธานี, pronounced [ʔù.tʰāj tʰāː.nīː]), one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces (changwat) lies in lower northern Thailand. Neighbouring provinces are (from north clockwise) Nakhon Sawan, Chai Nat, Suphan Buri, Kanchanaburi and Tak. It lies somewhat off the route between Bangkok, 200 km distant and Chiang Mai.[5]


The province stretches from the upper plains of the Chao Phraya River valley, to forested mountains in the west. The Sakae Krang River, a tributary of the Chao Phraya River, is the main watercourse of in the province. The total forest area is 3,419 km2 (1,320 sq mi) or 51.4 percent of provincial area.[1]
The Huai Kha Khaeng wildlife sanctuary, at the western boundary bordering Tak province, was declared a World Heritage Site in 1991. It is home to most of the forest animals of Southeast Asia, including tigers and elephants.
Huai Kha Kaeng wildlife sanctuary, along with one other wildlife sanctuary, make up region 12 (Nakhon Sawan) of Thailand's protected areas.


Originally Mon and Lawa settled in the area. The first Thai settlement in the area was Muang U Thai during the Sukhothai Kingdom, but it was later abandoned when the river changed course. The Patabeut people, of Karen ethnicity, revived the settlement at its current site during the Ayutthaya Kingdom. It served as a fort protecting the boundary of the kingdom.

Uthai Thani is the hometown of the father of King Rama I. He later changed the city's old name Uthai to Uthai Thani.

In 1892, King Chulalongkorn (Rama V) added the area of Uthai Thani to the Monthon Nakhon Sawan and in 1898 formed the province.


The provincial seal depicts the pavilion at Wat Khao Sakae Krang. It houses the statue of Thongdee, the father of King Rama I and a Buddha footprint. The mountain in the background symbolizes the location of the pavilion on top of Khao Sakae Krang.[7]

The provincial flower is the yellow cotton tree (Cochlospermum regium). The provincial tree is the neem (Azadirachta indica v. siamensis).

The flag of Uthai Thani depicts the provincial seal of Uthai Thani in the middle. The yellow colour at the top of the flag is the colour of the Chakri dynasty, symbolizing gold. The green colour at the bottom is the colour of King Rama I as he was born on a Wednesday, which is associated with green in the Thai calendar. The text below the seal says Uthai Thani province.

Administrative divisions

Provincial government

Map of eight districts

The province is divided into eight districts (amphoes). These are further divided into 70 subdistricts (tambons) and 642 villages (mubans).

  1. Mueang Uthai Thani
  2. Thap Than
  3. Sawang Arom
  4. Nong Chang
  1. Nong Khayang
  2. Ban Rai
  3. Lan Sak
  4. Huai Khot

Local government

As of 26 November 2019 there are:[8] one Uthai Thani Provincial Administration Organisation (ongkan borihan suan changwat) and 14 municipal (thesaban) areas in the province. Uthai Thani has town (thesaban mueang) status. There are a further 13 subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon). The non-municipal areas are administered by 49 Subdistrict Administrative Organisations (SAO) (ongkan borihan suan tambon).[2]

Human achievement index 2022

Health Education Employment Income
42 46 49 51
Housing Family Transport Participation
12 57 68 18
Uthai Thani province, with an HAI 2022 value of 0.6369 is "average", occupies place 44 in the ranking.

In 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand began tracking progress on human development at the sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Council (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017.[3]

Rank Classification
  1 - 13 "high"
14 - 29 "somewhat high"
30 - 45 "average"
46 - 61 "somewhat low"
62 - 77 "low"


  1. ^ a b "ตารางที่ 2 พี้นที่ป่าไม้ แยกรายจังหวัด พ.ศ.2562" [Table 2 Forest area Separate province year 2019]. Royal Forest Department (in Thai). 2019. Retrieved 6 April 2021, information, Forest statistics Year 2019, Thailand boundary from Department of Provincial Administration in 2013{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  2. ^ a b รายงานสถิติจำนวนประชากรและบ้านประจำปี พ.ส.2562 [Statistics, population and house statistics for the year 2019]. Registration Office Department of the Interior, Ministry of the Interior. stat.bora.dopa.go.th (in Thai). 31 December 2019. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  3. ^ a b "ข้อมูลสถิติดัชนีความก้าวหน้าของคน ปี 2565 (PDF)" [Human Achievement Index Databook year 2022 (PDF)]. Office of the National Economic and Social Development Council (NESDC) (in Thai). Retrieved 12 March 2024, page 89{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  4. ^ "Gross Regional and Provincial Product, 2019 Edition". <>. Office of the National Economic and Social Development Council (NESDC). July 2019. ISSN 1686-0799. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
  5. ^ "Uthai Thani". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 20 Apr 2015.
  6. ^ "ตาราง 5 พื้นที่เขตรักษาพันธุ์สัตว์ป่า พ.ศ. 2562" [Table 5 Wildlife Sanctuary Areas in 2019] (PDF). Department of National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries and Plant Conservation (in Thai). 2019. Retrieved 1 November 2022.
  7. ^ "Khao Sakae Krang". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 20 Apr 2015.
  8. ^ "Number of local government organizations by province". dla.go.th. Department of Local Administration (DLA). 26 November 2019. Retrieved 10 December 2019. 74 Uthai Thani: 1 PAO, 1 Town mun., 13 Subdistrict mun., 49 SAO.

External links

  • Uthai Thani travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • Website of the province (Thai only)

15°22′24″N 100°02′19″E / 15.37333°N 100.03861°E / 15.37333; 100.03861

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