Upper Pus Dam

Upper Pus Dam
Upper Pus Dam is located in Maharashtra
Upper Pus Dam
Location of Upper Pus Dam in Maharashtra
Official nameUpper Pus (Pus) Dam D01030
LocationPusad
Coordinates20°00′21″N 77°27′02″E / 20.0057438°N 77.4506092°E / 20.0057438; 77.4506092Coordinates: 20°00′21″N 77°27′02″E / 20.0057438°N 77.4506092°E / 20.0057438; 77.4506092
Opening date1971[1]
Owner(s)Government of Maharashtra, India
Dam and spillways
Type of damEarthfill
ImpoundsPus river
Height42 m (138 ft)
Length744 m (2,441 ft)
Dam volume1,980 km3 (480 cu mi)
Reservoir
Total capacity91,260 km3 (21,890 cu mi)
Surface area8,953 km2 (3,457 sq mi)

Upper Pus Dam, also called Pus Dam is an earthfill dam on Pus river near Pusad, Yavatmal district in the state of Maharashtra in India. There is another downstream dam near Mahagaon called Lower Pus Dam which was built in 1983.[2][3] Other nearby dams are Arunawati Dam in Digras built in 1994 and Isapur Dam built in 1982.[4][5][6]

Water shortage is an issue in Vidarbha region, in June 2019 Pus dam had zero percent water of its live capacity of 91,000 million litres.[7] Though it rose to 20.67% by 11 August 2019 due to arrival of monsoon.[8]

Hydrology

The Pus river flows through Pusad taluka, the Arunavati River and Adan River through Darwha taluka.[9] Murray Leaf explains that the Pus valley lies in a wide but isolated upland valley in the tribal area which has small towns and very few highways as most of area is covered with teak and sal forests which are illegally felled by the poachers.[10] Pus river originates in Ajantha, Maharashtra, near Washim town. It flows through Pusad, confluences with Penganga River[11] near Mahur in Nanded district of Maharashtra, Penganga River in turn flows into Wardha River,[11] which in turn flows into Pranhita River,[11] and Pranhita in turn flows in to Godavari river[11] which finally end in the Bay of Bengal just east of Rajahmundry in the state of Andhra Pradesh. All these rivers drain the Deccan Plateau in the south-easterly and easterly directions along the general slope of the plateau.[12]

Amravati Division of Vidharba has 446 dams.[8] Among those the command area of medium size Pus River irrigation system has 25265 ha. of which 13680 ha is cultivatable and further 8215 ha is irrigable, and the project is designed with 114% "irrigation density" which is the ratio of total irrigated area to total irrigable area.[10] For the irrigation, "Pus river" has Upper Pus Dam 18 km northwest of Pusad town built in 1971,[13][14] and Lower Pus Dam near Mahagaon 40 km east of Pusad built in 1983.[15][16] Main crops are millet, wheat, tur, cotton, groundnut, sunflower, etc.[10] In the hilly parts of Pusad taluka the soil type is coarse gravelly or loose friable texture,[9] of black colour.[10]

In terms of fish farming, the minor carp fishes constitute 75 to 95% of the total catch in the Pus river reservoirs.[17]

Dam details

Specifications

The height of the dam above its lowest foundation is 42 m (138 ft) while the length is 744 m (2,441 ft). The volume content is 1,980 km3 (480 cu mi) and gross storage capacity is 113,920.00 km3 (27,330.86 cu mi).[18]

Purpose

  • Irrigation

See also

References

  1. ^ "Upper Pus (Pus) D01030". Retrieved 1 March 2013.
  2. ^ "Lower Pus D02869". Retrieved 1 March 2013.
  3. ^ Specifications of large dams in India Archived 21 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Specifications of large dams in India Archived 21 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Isapur D02978". Retrieved 1 March 2013.
  6. ^ Specifications of large dams in India Archived 21 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ levels in Maharashtra’s dams down to 6.8% of total capacity , 16 June 2019.
  8. ^ a b With parts of Maharashtra flooded, Marathwada, Vidarbha still wait for rain, The Indian Express, 11 August 2019.
  9. ^ a b 1964, "District Census Handbook, [Maharashtra]: Osmanabad", Superintendent of Census Operations Maharashtra, Government Printing and Stationery, Maharashtra State, India.
  10. ^ a b c d Murray Leaf, 1998, Pragmatism and Development: The Prospect for Pluralist Transformation in The Third World, Bergin and Garvey, Page 60-.
  11. ^ a b c d Penganga river, telangana360.com, accessed 6 November 2019.
  12. ^ Saravanam Karthikeyan and Anand Kumar, 1993, Flora of Yavatmal District, Maharashtra, Page viii.
  13. ^ "Specifications of large dams in India" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
  14. ^ "Upper Pus (Pus) D01030". Retrieved 1 March 2013.
  15. ^ "Lower Pus D02869". Retrieved 1 March 2013.
  16. ^ Specifications of large dams in India Archived 21 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ V. V. Sugunan, 1995, "Reservoir Fisheries of India", Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Page 211.
  18. ^ "Specifications of large dams in India" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
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