University of Franeker

De academia van Vrieslant (Friesland Academy), 1622

The University of Franeker (1585–1811) was a university in Franeker, Friesland, the Netherlands. It was the second oldest university of the Netherlands, founded shortly after Leiden University.

History

Also known as Academia Franekerensis or the University of Friesland, it consisted of departments of Theology, Law, Medicine, Philosophy, Mathematics and Physics. Among its well-known students was Peter Stuyvesant, last director-general of the Dutch colony of New Netherland.

Initially the university had an excellent reputation, attracting students from far and wide, but from 1700 its fortune changed. The university was disbanded by Napoleon in 1811, along with the Universities of Harderwijk and Utrecht. After the end of the French régime, the university was not restored. Instead, an Athenaeum illustre was founded, which did not have the right to issue doctoral degrees. In 1843, the Athenaeum itself was disbanded because of a lack of students.

Today, Franeker has no institute of higher education, although postgraduate students from the University of Groningen are permitted to defend their thesis in the Franeker Martinikerk [nl], provided they are Frisian or their thesis subject has a connection to Friesland.

Notable professors and alumni

See also

References

  1. ^ A. C. Grayling, Descartes: The Life of Rene Descartes and Its Place in His Times, Simon and Schuster, 2006, pp. 151–152.
  2. ^ Prögler, Daniela (2016). English Students at Leiden University, 1575-1640. London: Taylor & Francis. p. 38. ISBN 978-1-409-43712-3.

External links

  • NRC newspaper article on the University of Franeker by Peter van Rooden (in Dutch)
  • History of the University of Franker maintained by the Euler-Franeker Memorial University.
  • Alumni of the University of Franeker1586-1636. National Library of the Netherlands.
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