Ulug Depe

Ulug Depe
Ulug depe (in Turkmen)
Location in Turkmenistan
Location in Turkmenistan
Location in Turkmenistan
Location in Turkmenistan
Location in Turkmenistan
Ulug Depe (West and Central Asia)
Coordinates37°9′20.23″N 60°1′46.02″E / 37.1556194°N 60.0294500°E / 37.1556194; 60.0294500Coordinates: 37°9′20.23″N 60°1′46.02″E / 37.1556194°N 60.0294500°E / 37.1556194; 60.0294500
PeriodsBronze Age

Ulug Depe is an ancient Bronze Age site in the foothills of the Kopet Dag Mountains in the Karakum Desert of Kaka District (Kaahka) in the Ahal Province of south-eastern Turkmenistan. It covers around 13 hectares and lies on a mound at a height of about 30 meters, displaying the longest stratigraphic sequence of Central Asia, from the Late Neolithic, represented by Jeitun culture, until the pre-Achaemenid period.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10]


Excavations in the Late Bronze layers also found a "pressure set" for making soma drink. This set, similar to those found in Gonur Depe,

"... consisted of a huge stone mortar and a pestle, a pressing stone with a half-spheric projection in its centre, and next to it a similar one with a half-spheric deepening."[11]

See also


  1. ^ Lhuillier, J., (2016)."Ulug-depe and the transition period from Bronze Age to Iron Age in Central Asia: A Tribute to V. I. Sarianidi" Archived 2020-12-23 at the Wayback Machine in Transactions of Margiana Archaeological Expedition Vol. 6, p. 509. (Academia.edu Archived 2020-12-23 at the Wayback Machine)
  2. ^ Lecomte, Olivier, (2011)."Ulug-depe: 4000 Years of Evolution between Plain and Desert" Archived 2020-06-23 at the Wayback Machine, in Historical and Cultural Sites of Turkmenistan, p. 223.
  3. ^ Lhuillier, Johanna; Bendezu-Sarmiento, Julio; Lecomte, Olivier (2013). "Ulug-Depe in the frame of Turkmenistan Iron Age: an overview". Iranian Archaeology. Wahesht Mina International Institute. IV.
  4. ^ Lhuillier, Johanna; Dupont-Delaleuf, Armance; Lecomte, Olivier; Bendezu-Sarmiento, Julio (2013). "The Middle Iron Age in Ulug depe: a preliminary typo-chronological and technological study of the Yaz II ceramic complex". In Wagner, Mercin (ed.). Pottery and chronology of the Early Iron Age in Central Asia. Warszawa: Institute of Archaeology, University of Warsaw. pp. 9–28. ISBN 9788361376651.
  5. ^ Xin, Wu; Lecomte, Olivier (2012). "Clay sealings from the Iron Age citadel at Ulug Depe". Archäologische Mitteilungen aus Iran und Turan. Vol. 44. Dietrich Reimer Verlag GmbH for Deutsches Archäologisches Institut & Eurasien-Abteilung Außenstelle Teheran. pp. 313–328.
  6. ^ Lhuillier, Johanna; Bendezu-Sarmiento, Julio (2016). "Some more exceptional discoveries at Ulug-depe". Transactions of Margiana Archaeological Expedition. Vol. VI. Moscow: Institute of Anthropology and Ethnography. pp. 522–528. ISBN 978-5-89930-150-6.
  7. ^ Lhuillier, Johanna; Bendezu-Sarmiento, J. (2021). "Recent discoveries on the Hellenistic and Parthian Occupation of Ulug-depe". Archaeological News. St. Petersburg. 32: 212–227. doi:10.31600/1817-6976-2021-32-212-227.
  8. ^ Bendezu-Sarmiento, Julio; Lhuillier, Johanna; Caroline, Hamon; Luneau, Elise; Caubet, Annie F. (2015). Ulug depe: a forgotten city in Central Asia. Paris: Ginkgo éditeur for MAFTur (Mission Archeologique Franco-Turkmene).
  9. ^ Bendezu-Sarmiento, Julio (2019). A Unique Discovery: Alabaster Vases. Ashgabat: Fine Arts National Museum of Turkmenistan for MAFtur (Mission Archéologique Franco-Turkmène).
  10. ^ Bendezu-Sarmiento, Julio (2010). "New Archaeological Researches in Ulug-Depe: Some Burials of the Second Millennium B.C.". On the Track of Uncovering a Civilization: A Volume in Honor of the 80th-Anniversary of Victor Sarianidi. Transactions of the Margiana Archaeological Expedition (in Russian). St-Petersburg: Aletheia. pp. 513–535.
  11. ^ Sarianidi, Victor I. (2003). "Margiana and Soma-Haoma". Electronic Journal of Vedic Studies. 9 (1): 53–73. doi:10.11588/ejvs.2003.1.787. ISSN 1084-7561.

Further reading

  • La mission archéologique Franco-Turkmène (in French)
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