Ueda, Nagano

Ueda
上田市
Ueda City Hall
Ueda City Hall
Flag of Ueda
Official logo of Ueda
Location of Ueda in Nagano Prefecture
Location of Ueda in Nagano Prefecture
Ueda is located in Japan
Ueda
Ueda
 
Coordinates: 36°24′6.8″N 138°14′56.7″E / 36.401889°N 138.249083°E / 36.401889; 138.249083Coordinates: 36°24′6.8″N 138°14′56.7″E / 36.401889°N 138.249083°E / 36.401889; 138.249083
CountryJapan
RegionChūbu (Kōshin'etsu)
PrefectureNagano
Government
 • MayorYouichi Tsuchiya
Area
 • Total552.04 km2 (213.14 sq mi)
Population
 (April 2019)
 • Total157,480
 • Density290/km2 (740/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Phone number0268-22-4100
Address1-11-16 Ote, Ueda-shi, Nagano-ken 386-8601
ClimateCfa/Dfa
WebsiteOfficial website
Symbols
FlowerAzalea
TreeTaxus cuspidata
The city as viewed from the West Turret of Ueda Castle (foreground)

Ueda (上田市, Ueda-shi) is a city located in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 April 2019, the city had an estimated population of 157,480 in 67,783 households,[1] and a population density of 290 persons per km2.[2] The total area of the city is 552.04 square kilometres (213.14 sq mi), which makes it the fifth largest city in Nagano Prefecture in terms of area.

Geography

Ueda is located in central Nagano Prefecture, some 40 kilometers from the prefectural capital of Nagano City and 190 kilometers from Tokyo. The Chikuma River divides the city into two parts.

Surrounding municipalities

Climate

The city has a climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and relatively mild winters (Köppen climate classification Cwa). The average annual temperature in Ueda is 12.0 °C (53.6 °F). The average annual rainfall is 906.2 mm (35.68 in) with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 24.9 °C (76.8 °F), and lowest in January, at around −0.5 °C (31.1 °F).[3]

Climate data for Ueda (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1976−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.2
(59.4)
22.1
(71.8)
26.3
(79.3)
32.0
(89.6)
33.7
(92.7)
36.6
(97.9)
37.9
(100.2)
38.3
(100.9)
35.3
(95.5)
31.3
(88.3)
26.4
(79.5)
24.0
(75.2)
38.3
(100.9)
Average high °C (°F) 5.2
(41.4)
6.9
(44.4)
11.5
(52.7)
18.2
(64.8)
23.5
(74.3)
26.3
(79.3)
30.0
(86.0)
31.3
(88.3)
26.2
(79.2)
20.0
(68.0)
14.2
(57.6)
8.2
(46.8)
18.5
(65.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.5
(31.1)
0.5
(32.9)
4.4
(39.9)
10.6
(51.1)
16.2
(61.2)
20.1
(68.2)
23.9
(75.0)
24.9
(76.8)
20.5
(68.9)
13.9
(57.0)
7.6
(45.7)
2.1
(35.8)
12.0
(53.6)
Average low °C (°F) −5.0
(23.0)
−4.4
(24.1)
−1.1
(30.0)
4.3
(39.7)
10.1
(50.2)
15.4
(59.7)
19.7
(67.5)
20.5
(68.9)
16.3
(61.3)
9.5
(49.1)
2.5
(36.5)
−2.4
(27.7)
7.1
(44.8)
Record low °C (°F) −13.1
(8.4)
−13.4
(7.9)
−10.7
(12.7)
−6.0
(21.2)
0.3
(32.5)
5.2
(41.4)
11.3
(52.3)
11.6
(52.9)
5.3
(41.5)
−1.4
(29.5)
−5.5
(22.1)
−12.0
(10.4)
−13.4
(7.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 29.3
(1.15)
28.7
(1.13)
54.0
(2.13)
58.6
(2.31)
77.0
(3.03)
102.2
(4.02)
135.6
(5.34)
103.5
(4.07)
134.1
(5.28)
110.8
(4.36)
44.0
(1.73)
23.9
(0.94)
906.2
(35.68)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 4.7 5.3 7.7 7.7 8.5 10.5 13.0 9.7 9.6 8.0 5.5 5.0 95.2
Mean monthly sunshine hours 184.3 186.7 203.7 211.3 218.8 165.4 174.2 204.3 156.6 164.2 172.4 180.0 2,221.9
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[4][3]
Climate data for Sugadaira Highlands, Ueda (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1978−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 10.7
(51.3)
13.9
(57.0)
18.1
(64.6)
23.8
(74.8)
27.9
(82.2)
28.3
(82.9)
30.3
(86.5)
30.4
(86.7)
28.2
(82.8)
24.2
(75.6)
18.8
(65.8)
15.7
(60.3)
30.4
(86.7)
Average high °C (°F) −1.5
(29.3)
−0.5
(31.1)
3.5
(38.3)
10.7
(51.3)
16.8
(62.2)
19.9
(67.8)
23.7
(74.7)
24.7
(76.5)
20.0
(68.0)
14.0
(57.2)
8.3
(46.9)
1.8
(35.2)
11.8
(53.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −6.2
(20.8)
−5.6
(21.9)
−1.8
(28.8)
4.8
(40.6)
10.7
(51.3)
14.7
(58.5)
18.8
(65.8)
19.5
(67.1)
15.3
(59.5)
8.9
(48.0)
3.0
(37.4)
−3.0
(26.6)
6.6
(43.9)
Average low °C (°F) −13.0
(8.6)
−12.6
(9.3)
−7.9
(17.8)
−1.3
(29.7)
4.4
(39.9)
9.8
(49.6)
14.8
(58.6)
15.3
(59.5)
11.2
(52.2)
4.1
(39.4)
−2.4
(27.7)
−8.7
(16.3)
1.1
(34.1)
Record low °C (°F) −29.0
(−20.2)
−29.2
(−20.6)
−22.8
(−9.0)
−17.8
(0.0)
−5.3
(22.5)
−1.9
(28.6)
6.1
(43.0)
5.8
(42.4)
−1.0
(30.2)
−8.6
(16.5)
−18.3
(−0.9)
−26.4
(−15.5)
−29.2
(−20.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 78.0
(3.07)
68.7
(2.70)
80.8
(3.18)
79.7
(3.14)
93.9
(3.70)
117.7
(4.63)
161.9
(6.37)
119.4
(4.70)
151.6
(5.97)
129.8
(5.11)
64.9
(2.56)
72.0
(2.83)
1,220.5
(48.05)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 192
(76)
153
(60)
136
(54)
35
(14)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
12
(4.7)
121
(48)
648
(255)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 14.5 12.1 12.7 10.7 10.3 12.1 14.0 10.8 11.1 10.5 9.6 12.9 141.3
Average snowy days (≥ 3 cm) 21.4 17.5 17.7 5.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.8 14.7 78.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 135.5 135.9 161.1 189.8 214.5 165.4 166.6 189.4 143.4 156.4 155.6 139.1 1,955.2
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[5][6]

History

Ueda is located in former Shinano Province and during the Nara period was the provincial capital. The ruins of the Shinano Kokubunji (provincial temple) are also located within Ueda. However, the provincial capital was shifted to Matsumoto during the early Heian period. During the Sengoku period, the area was the centre of the powerful Sanada clan. During the Edo period, Ueda was a castle town and headquarters of Ueda Domain under the Tokugawa shogunate. During the post-Meiji restoration cadastral reform of April 1, 1889, the modern town of Ueda was established. Ueda was elevated to city status on May 1, 1919. On March 6, 2006, Ueda absorbed the neighbouring towns of Maruko and Sanada, and the village of Takeshi (all from Chiisagata District).

Demographics

Per Japanese census data,[7] the population of Ueda peaked around the year 2000 and has declined since.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1960 138,170—    
1970 139,770+1.2%
1980 151,804+8.6%
1990 160,259+5.6%
2000 166,568+3.9%
2010 159,597−4.2%
2020 154,055−3.5%

Government

Ueda has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 30 members. The city contributes four members to the Nagano Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, Ueda is grouped with Komoro, Chikuma, Saku, Tōmi, Minamisaku District, Nagano, Kitasaku District, Nagano, Chiisagata District, Nagano and Hanishina District, Nagano to form Nagano 3rd District in the lower house of the National Diet.

Economy

Ueda is a regional commercial centre with a mixed agricultural and light industrial economy. The main crops include rice, apples, grapes, cabbage and walnuts. The traditional industry of Ueda was sericulture and cotton-weaving. The city now hosts automobile components and electronics manufacturing.[8]

Education

University and colleges

Primary and secondary education

Ueda has 25 public elementary schools and 12 public middle schools operated by the city government and one public middle school shared with the town of Nagawa. The city has five public high schools operated by the Nagano prefectural Board of Education, and four private high schools.

  • Ueda High School
  • Ueda Someyaoka High School
  • Ueda Higashi High School
  • Ueda Chikuma High School
  • Maruko Syugakkan High School
  • Ueda Nishi High school (private)
  • Sakura International High School (private)
  • KLARK Memorial International High School (private)
  • Tsukuba Kaisei High School (private)

Transportation

Railway

Highway

External relations

Ueda maintains friendship and sister cities relationships with the following cities.[9][10]

Friendship cities

Sister cities

Cities with emergency collaboration pacts

Ueda has entered into pacts with all the Japanese cities listed above and two more cities listed below for mutual collaboration in case of emergency.

Local attractions

  • Ueda Castle
  • Sanada-shi Yakata - A fortified residence of the Sanada clan, main bastion of the Sanada clan until Sanada Masayuki moved their base to Ueda Castle in 1585.
  • Anraku-ji in Bessho Onsen, Ueda has the only extant octagonal pagoda in Japan. The pagoda has been designated as National Treasure.
  • Utsukushigahara Open-Air Museum – An open-air museum with sculptures on the Utsukushigahara plateau, which opened in June 1981
  • Bessho Onsen

Notable residents

References

  1. ^ Ueda city official statistics(in Japanese)
  2. ^ 上田市の統計 (in Japanese). Retrieved November 3, 2016.
  3. ^ a b 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved April 19, 2022.
  4. ^ 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA. Retrieved April 19, 2022.
  5. ^ 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA. Retrieved April 19, 2022.
  6. ^ 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved April 19, 2022.
  7. ^ Ueda population statistics
  8. ^ Campbell, Allen; Nobel, David S (1993). Japan: An Illustrated Encyclopedia. Kodansha. p. 1641. ISBN 406205938X.
  9. ^ 姉妹都市・友好都市提携及び災害時応援協定提携調印式 (in Japanese). Archived from the original on October 25, 2007. Retrieved November 3, 2007.
  10. ^ 姉妹都市・友好都市 (in Japanese). Archived from the original on October 25, 2007. Retrieved November 3, 2007.
  11. ^ "山極 勝三郎" [Katsusaburō Yamagiwa]. Nihon Jinmei Daijiten (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. Archived from the original on August 25, 2007. Retrieved November 8, 2012.

External links

  • Media related to Ueda, Nagano at Wikimedia Commons
  • Official Website (in Japanese)
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