List of twisted buildings

Buildings can appear to be twisted by design, where the twisting (torsion, helix, etc.) is structural rather than merely an ornamental detail. The Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat defines a twisting building as one that progressively rotates its floor plates or its façade as it gains height.[1] There are 15 spiralled skyscrapers, and 13 more are under construction.[2]

Turning Torso, in Malmö, Sweden is regarded as the first twisted tower or building.[3] It was designed by Santiago Calatrava and was completed in 2005.[4] When completed, Diamond Tower will be the only building to twist a full 360 degrees along its height. F&F Tower, in Panama City, holds the record for the tightest twist, that is, the highest average rotation per floor, at 5.943 degrees across each of its 53 floors; and as of 2017, it is the completed building with the highest total rotation, with 315 degrees.[3]

List of tallest twisted buildings

The following list includes completed or topped-out buildings sorted by height.[3] Buildings under construction are shaded in grey.

Rank Image Name City Height in m (ft) Floor count Completion year Average floor rotation Total rotation
1 Shanghai Tower 2015.jpg Shanghai Tower Shanghai, China 632 m (2,073 ft) 128 2015 0.938° 120°
2 Gazprom tower (Lakhta Center) St Petersburg. Russia.jpg Lakhta Center Saint Petersburg, Russia 462 m (1,516 ft) 86 2019 1.047° 90°
3 Diamond Tower, Jeddah 001.jpg Diamond Tower Jeddah, Saudi Arabia 432 m (1,417 ft) 93 2025 3.871° 360°
4 Ocean Heights Dubai Marina.jpg Ocean Heights Dubai, United Arab Emirates 310 m (1,020 ft) 83 2010 0.482° 40°
5 Cayan Tower.jpg Cayan Tower Dubai, United Arab Emirates 306 m (1,004 ft) 73 2013 1.233° 90°
6 Supernova Spira.jpg Supernova Spira Noida, India 300 m (980 ft) 80 2021 1.825° 146°
7 Shimao Qianhai Center Shenzhen, China 294.3 m (966 ft) 63 2020 0.714° 45°
8 Crown Sydney Barangaroo (cropped).jpg Crown Sydney Sydney, Australia 271.3 m (890 ft) 75 2020 0.8° 60°
9 Regent Emirates Pearl Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates 255 m (837 ft) 52 2016 0.481° 25°
10 Ningbo Bank of China Headquarters Ningbo, China 246 m (807 ft) 50 2016 1.2° 60°
11 Moscow International Business Center A 02.jpg Evolution Tower Moscow, Russia 246 m (807 ft) 55 2015 2.836° 156°
12 Panama 08 2013 F&F Tower 7103.JPG F&F Tower Panama City, Panama 243 m (797 ft) 53 2011 5.943° 315°
13 Azriely Sarona6.jpg Azrieli Sarona Tower Tel Aviv, Israel 238.5 m (782 ft) 61 2017
14 Al Majdoul Tower Riyadh, Saudi Arabia 244.55 m (802.3 ft) 54 2019 2.5° 135°
15 Capital Diamond Tower Egypt 204 m (669 ft) 52 2026 4 180
16 United Tower Manama, Bahrain 200 m (660 ft) 47 2016 3.83° 180°
17 Al Bidda Tower Doha, Qatar 197 m (646 ft) 44 2009 1.364° 60°
18 Turning Torso2.jpg Turning Torso Malmö, Sweden 190 m (620 ft) 57 2005 1.579° 90°
19 Trump Tower Vancouver, August 2016.jpg Paradox Hotel Vancouver Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada 188 m (617 ft) 63 2016 0.714° 45°
20 Torre Hadid.png Generali Tower (lo Storto) Milan, Italy 177 m (581 ft) 44 2017 1.127° 49.6°
21 Absolute Towers Mississauga. South-west view.jpg Absolute World (Building D) Mississauga, Ontario, Canada 176 m (577 ft) 56 2012 3.732° 209°
22 Sarajevo Twist Tower.jpg Avaz Twist Tower Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina 172 m (564 ft) 40 2008 2.8° 90°
23 Nagoya Mode Gakuen Spiral Towers.jpg Mode Gakuen Spiral Towers Nagoya, Japan 170 m (560 ft) 38 2008 3° 114°
24 Absolute Towers Mississauga. South-west view.jpg Absolute World (Building E) Mississauga, Canada 158 m (518 ft) 50 2012 4° 200°
25 Cropped image of Baltimore Tower - 30435639090 bf141ef3b1 o.jpg Baltimore Tower London, United Kingdom 149 m (489 ft) 44 2017 2.182° 96°
26 Axis Towers (ka) Tbilisi, Georgia (country) 147 m (482 ft) 37 2020
28 CORE 31 Huixquilucan, México 145 m (476 ft) 38 2020 2.50° 90°
29 The Point.JPG The Point Guayaquil, Ecuador 137 m (449 ft) 36 2014 5.833° 210°
30 Sichuan Radio and Television Centre Chengdu, China 136 m (446 ft) 31 2010 2.903° 90°
31 Ayia Napa Marina Towers Ayia Napa, Cyprus 118 m (388 ft) 28 2020 3.2° 90°
32 PwC Tower Midrand, South Africa 106 m (348 ft) 26 TBA 1.154° 30°
33 Xiamen Suiwa Tower Xiamen, China 100 m (330 ft) 22 TBA 4.091° 90°
34 Grove at Grand Bay 1.jpg Grove at Grand Bay (north tower) Miami, United States 94 m (308 ft) 21 2016 1.843° 38.7°
Grove at Grand Bay (south tower)
35 20180802 陶朱隱園 Agora Garden, Taipei, Taiwan.jpg Tao Zhu Yin Yuan Taipei, Taiwan 93 m (305 ft) 21 2018 4.286° 90°
36 Avian Tower Surabaya, Indonesia 84 m (276 ft) 20 2018 3° 60°

See also

References

  1. ^ Frearson, Amy (22 August 2016). "World's tallest twisted towers revealed". Dezeen. Retrieved 5 February 2017.
  2. ^ McCafferty, Georgia (25 August 2016). "The world's tallest spiraled skyscrapers". CNN. Retrieved 5 February 2017.
  3. ^ a b c "Twisting Tall Buildings". CTBUH. August 2016. Archived from the original on 8 August 2017. Retrieved 5 February 2017.
  4. ^ Varinsky, Dana (13 September 2016). "11 of the most stunning twisted towers around the world". Business Insider. Retrieved 5 February 2017.
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_twisted_buildings&oldid=1124638821"