Turgay Depression

Turgay Depression
Торғай қолатый
Тургайская ложбина
Sarykopa, one of the main lakes of the basin
Sarykopa, one of the main lakes of the basin
Turgay Depression is located in Kazakhstan
Turgay Depression
Turgay Depression
Location in Kazakhstan
Coordinates: 52°40′N 64°45′E / 52.667°N 64.750°E / 52.667; 64.750Coordinates: 52°40′N 64°45′E / 52.667°N 64.750°E / 52.667; 64.750
LocationKazakhstan
Part ofAktobe Region, Kostanay Region
Dimensions
 • Length800 km (500 mi)
 • Width25 km (16 mi) to 300 km (190 mi)
Elevation
100 m (330 ft) to 125 m (410 ft)

The Turgay Depression,[1] also known as Turgay Basin,[2] Turgay Trough,[3] and Turgay Hollow[4] (Kazakh: Торғай қолатый; Russian: Тургайская ложбина), is a structural basin in Kazakhstan.[5][6]

The depression is named after the Turgay River, which flows southwards along a stretch of the trough.[7][6] The Lakes of the lower Turgay and Irgiz Nature Reserve is a protected area located in the southern sector of the basin.[8]

Geography

The Turgay Depression runs across the Turgay Plateau in north-western Kazakhstan. It stretches from north to south and connects the West Siberian Plain to the north with the Turan Depression. It has a length of 800 km (500 mi) and an average width between 25 km (16 mi) and 75 km (47 mi) with a maximum of 300 km (190 mi). The Ubagan River, a right tributary of the Tobol flows along it in the northern direction. Among the rivers flowing southwards, the main ones are the Turgay with its tributaries Irgiz and Ulkayak, including the Saryozen through the Tauysh channel, as well as the Uly-Zhylanshyk. The lowest parts of the depression are occupied by numerous lakes, with mostly saline or bittern-salty waters, such as Kushmurun, Koybagar, Tyuntyugur, Aksuat, Sarymoin, Sarykopa, Akkol, Barakkol and Shalkarteniz.[9][10][11]

Geologically the entire trough corresponds to the Turgai tectonic subsidence of ancient alluvial and lacustrine deposits. The Turgay Plateau rises between the Urals and Mugodzhar Hills in the west and the Kazakh Steppe in the east.[12] Deposits of iron ore and other minerals occur in the basin, as well as significant oilfields in the southern part.[13]

The northern part of the basin is characterized by steppe and the southern part by semi-desert, with the Barsuki Desert at the southern end near the Aral Sea. In the spring and summer, large swathes of it are used for pasture.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ Origin of Oligocene channel ironstones of Lisakovsk deposit (Turgay depression, northern Kazakhstan)
  2. ^ Outlook for the development of underground gasification of coal in the Turgay Basin
  3. ^ The Geomorphology of the Turgay Trough in Connection with the Problem of Diverting the Water of West Siberian Rivers to Central Asia
  4. ^ Kumkeshu sand dunes
  5. ^ a b Тургайская ложбина; Great Soviet Encyclopedia in 30 vols. — Ch. ed. A.M. Prokhorov. - 3rd ed. - M. Soviet Encyclopedia, 1969-1978. (in Russian)
  6. ^ a b Google Earth
  7. ^ Tectonic units and division of the South Turgay Basin.
  8. ^ "Lakes of the lower Turgay and Irgiz". Ramsar Sites Information Service. Retrieved 21 August 2022.
  9. ^ "M-41 Topographic Chart (in Russian)". Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  10. ^ "N-41 Topographic Chart (in Russian)". Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  11. ^ Geographical position, geological structure and surface topography of the south of Western Siberia (in Russian)
  12. ^ Тургайское плато, Great Soviet Encyclopedia
  13. ^ Geologic structure, oil and gas potential of the Turgai Depression, and goals of regional geological and geophysical exploration

External links

  • Characteristics of strike-slip inversion structures of the Karatau fault and their petroleum geological significances in the south Turgay Basin, Kazakhstan
  • Kushmurun Lake - BirdLife Data Zone
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