Turbo, Colombia

Turbo, Colombia
Turbouraba1.jpg
Flag of Turbo, Colombia
Location of the city of Turbo, in the Antioquia Department of Colombia
Location of the city of Turbo, in the Antioquia Department of Colombia
Turbo, Colombia is located in Colombia
Turbo, Colombia
Turbo, Colombia
Location in Colombia
Coordinates: 8°6′0″N 76°44′0″W / 8.10000°N 76.73333°W / 8.10000; -76.73333Coordinates: 8°6′0″N 76°44′0″W / 8.10000°N 76.73333°W / 8.10000; -76.73333
Country Colombia
Department Antioquia Department
SubregionUrabá
Area
 • Metro
3,055 km2 (1,180 sq mi)
Elevation
2 m (7 ft)
Population
 (2016)
 • City163,525
 • Density41.25/km2 (106.8/sq mi)
 • Urban
65,307
Time zoneUTC−5 (Colombia Standard Time)

Turbo is a port city in Antioquia Department, Colombia. It is located on the coast of Gulf of Urabá, 340 km north of Medellín (the department capital and second largest city). This port city is the capital of the Urabá region of Antioquia. The place where Turbo is today was known as Pisisí, but by 1741 people were already talking about Turbo. By a decree on May 11, 1839, the central government spent one thousand pesos for military service barracks in Turbo. In 1840, the republican president assigned one thousand fanegas of uncultivated lands for the new population. It was established as a municipality in 1847.

Turbo lies near the southeastern tip of the Darién Gap and is the northern terminus of the main route of the Pan-American Highway in South America. There is currently no paved road connecting through the region to Yaviza, Panama, where the highway continues through Central and North America.

Map of the Darién Gap and the break in the Pan-American Highway between Yaviza, Panama and Turbo, Colombia.
The urban area of Turbo is on the Gulf of Urabá eastern coast.

Geography

Climate

Turbo has a monthly mean temperature above 18 °C or 64 °F in every month of the year and a distinct dry season, with the driest month measuring less than 60 millimetres or 2.4 inches of precipitation. The Köppen climate classification subtype for Turbo’s climate is Am (tropical monsoon climate), although it borders on Af (tropical rainforest climate). The average temperature for the year in Turbo is 81.0 °F or 27.2 °C, with extremely small variations through the year.[1] Rainfall in Turbo is heavy due to strong surface westerly winds from the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) located near Turbo’s latitude, although it is much less from January to March when the ITCZ reaches its most southerly latitude, resulting in the town’s classification as a monsoon climate.

Climate data for Turbo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.5
(86.9)
30.4
(86.7)
30.6
(87.1)
30.8
(87.4)
29.5
(85.1)
30.4
(86.7)
30.4
(86.7)
30.6
(87.1)
30.3
(86.5)
30.1
(86.2)
30.0
(86.0)
30.1
(86.2)
30.3
(86.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.5
(79.7)
26.6
(79.9)
26.6
(79.9)
26.7
(80.1)
25.8
(78.4)
26.4
(79.5)
26.4
(79.5)
26.4
(79.5)
26.5
(79.7)
26.5
(79.7)
26.6
(79.9)
26.3
(79.3)
26.4
(79.6)
Average low °C (°F) 22.5
(72.5)
22.8
(73.0)
22.7
(72.9)
22.6
(72.7)
22.2
(72.0)
22.4
(72.3)
22.5
(72.5)
22.3
(72.1)
22.8
(73.0)
22.9
(73.2)
23.2
(73.8)
22.6
(72.7)
22.6
(72.7)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 79.8
(3.14)
50.0
(1.97)
75.6
(2.98)
235.2
(9.26)
290.7
(11.44)
252.5
(9.94)
218.6
(8.61)
265.1
(10.44)
217.6
(8.57)
184.0
(7.24)
230.6
(9.08)
193.9
(7.63)
2,293.6
(90.3)
Average rainy days 5 5 7 13 17 15 16 17 15 14 14 10 148
Average relative humidity (%) 86 85 85 86 88 87 86 87 86 87 87 87 86
Source 1: IDEAM[2]
Source 2: Climate-Data.org[3]

References

  1. ^ http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather.php3?s=26008&cityname=Turbo--United-States-of-America Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Turbo, Colombia (closest city on record to Sapzurro)
  2. ^ "Data". www.ideam.gov.co. Retrieved 2020-08-25.
  3. ^ "Climate: Turbo". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved August 25, 2020.

External links

Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Turbo,_Colombia&oldid=1123339547"