Torsa River

Torsa River
Machu, Amo Chhu
Torsa in coochbehar.JPG
Torsa River near Cooch Behar
BD Map Rivers of North Bengal2.jpg
Location
CountryChina, Bhutan, India, Bangladesh
CitiesPhuntsholing, Jaigaon, Hasimara, Cooch Behar
Physical characteristics
MouthBrahmaputra River
Length358 km (222 mi)
Basin features
Tributaries 
 • leftKaljani

Torsa River (also spelt Torsha and also known as Kambu Maqu, Machu and Amo Chhu) rises from the Chumbi Valley in Tibet, China, where it is known as Machu. Its course continues into Bhutan, India, and Bangladesh before joining Brahmaputra River into the Bay of Bengal.

Course

From Tibet, Torsa flows into Bhutan, where it is known as the Amo Chu. It has a length of 358 kilometres (222 mi) before entering India, of which 113 kilometres (70 mi) are in Tibet and 145 kilometres (90 mi) in Bhutan. After entering West Bengal in India, it is known as Torsa. In Bangladesh too, it is known by the same name.[1] It is also known as: Chumbi, Am-Chu, Jaldhaka.[2]

Afterwards, the river flows past the border towns of Phuntsholing (in Bhutan) and Jaigaon, and Hasimara (in India) and past the tea estate of Dalsingpara and the Jaldapara National Park. Ghargharia river meets with Torsa in the Tufanganj subdivision, near Deocharai and Balarampur. Torsa meets with Kaljani and then flows into Bangladesh by the name of Kaljani and meets with Brahmaputra in BD. A distributary known as Buri Torsa meets Jaldhaka.

Ghargharia river meets with Torsa in the Tufanganj subdivision, near Deocharai and Balarampur Torsa meets with Kaljani and it then flows into Bangladesh by the name of Kaljani and meets with the Jamuna there.[clarification needed]

Major towns

Major towns on its banks are:

Hydro projects

  • Amo chu Hydro Power Project, By NTPC Limited

Floods

River Torsha along with River Jaldhaka, and River Teesta have created major flooding multiple times in Bangladesh during monsoon season between June to September.[3]

References

  1. ^ Bandopadhyay, Dilip Kumar, Bharater Nadi (Rivers of India), 2002, (in Bengali), p. 78, Bharati Book Stall, 6B Ramanath Mazumdar Street, Kolkata.
  2. ^ "Torsa River". banglapedia.org. Retrieved May 11, 2022.
  3. ^ "Several thousand houses inundated in Kurigram". 28 August 2021.

Further reading

  • Roy, Suprakash (2011), "Chapter 2. Section 2.1.3 The Torsa basin", Flood hazards in Jalpaiguri district and its management, University of North Bengal, p. 44

Coordinates: 26°16′44″N 89°34′48″E / 26.279°N 89.580°E / 26.279; 89.580

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