Togian Islands

Togian Islands
Native name:
Kepulauan Togean
TogianIslandMap.svg
ID - Togian.png
Map showing the Togian Islands highlighted in red.
Geography
LocationSouth-east Asia
Coordinates0°23′30″S 121°57′28″E / 0.39167°S 121.95778°E / -0.39167; 121.95778Coordinates: 0°23′30″S 121°57′28″E / 0.39167°S 121.95778°E / -0.39167; 121.95778
Total islands56
Major islandsBatudaka, Talatako, Togian
Administration
ProvinceCentral Sulawesi
Demographics
Ethnic groupsBajau
Additional information
Time zone
Togian babirusa
Togian Village
Togian Ferry

The Togian (or Togean) Islands are an archipelago of 56 islands and many offshore islets, situated in the Gulf of Tomini, off the coast of Central Sulawesi, in Indonesia. The largest islands are Batudaka, Togean, Talatako and Una-Una. There are 59 villages on the islands, with one settled by the Bajau people, more commonly known as the sea gypsies.

Administration

The islands are a part of the Tojo Una-Una Regency within Central Sulawesi Province. At the time of the 2010 Census, the Archipelago was divided into four districts (kecamatan). Subsequent to 2010, two additional districts have been created - Batudaka and Talatako. These are tabulated below with their areas and their 2010 and 2020 Census populations,[1] together with the official estimate as at mid 2021. [2] The table also includes the locations of the district administrative centres, the number of villages (rural desa and urban kelurahan) in each district, and its post code.

Name Area in
km2
Population
Census
2010
Population
Census
2020
Population
Estimate
mid 2021
Administrative
centre
No. of
villages
Post
code
Una-Una 146.16 12,455 8,236 8,315 Wakai 11 94690
Batudaka 151.91 (a) 5,796 5,858 Molowagu 9 94690
& 94691
Togean 229.51 9,160 10,734 10,889 Lebitii 16 94686
Walea Kepulauan
(Walea Islands)
67.60 10,065 5,568 5,608 Popoliii 9 94694
Walea Besar
(Great Walea)
84.51 3,851 4,629 4,705 Pasokani 8 94693
Talatako 83.64 (b) 6,471 6,597 Kaliai 6 94692
Total Togean Islands 763.33 35,531 41,434 41,972 59

Notes: (a) The 2010 Census population of Batudaka district is included in the figure for Una-Una district, from which it was cut out.
(b) The 2010 Census population of Talatako district is included in the figure for Walea Kepulauan district, from which it was cut out.

Geology and ecology

Formed by volcanic activity, the islands are covered by rainforest and surrounded by coral reef formations, which provide habitat and breeding areas for hawksbill turtle, green turtle and the dugong. The Tonkean macaque is found in the islands' forests. The animals endemic to the islands include the Togian babirusa and the Togian hawk-owl, which is discovered in 1999. The Togian white-eye, another endemic bird species, was described in 2008. Non-venomous jellyfish are also found in Togian Islands, the unique one is jellyfish with little red spots.[3]

National Park

On 2004, the government established a part of Togean Islands as a National Park consists of 292,000 hectares of sea water (includes 132,000 hectares of coral reef which is the largest in Indonesia), 70,000 hectares of land and 10,659 hectares reservation of forests and mangroves.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  2. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2022.
  3. ^ "Tujuh Danau Ubur-Ubur Unik di Indonesia". Retrieved November 5, 2014.
  4. ^ "Keindahan Bawah Luat Terpendam di Kepulauan Togean". September 25, 2011.

External links

  • Togean Islands website for a general source of informations about the Togean Islands
  • Togian Islands travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • Informative and rare trip report


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