Tkuma, Israel

Tkuma
תקומה
تكوما
Village synagogue
Village synagogue
Tkuma is located in Northwest Negev region of Israel
Tkuma
Tkuma
Coordinates: 31°27′4″N 34°32′42″E / 31.45111°N 34.54500°E / 31.45111; 34.54500Coordinates: 31°27′4″N 34°32′42″E / 31.45111°N 34.54500°E / 31.45111; 34.54500
CountryIsrael
DistrictSouthern
CouncilSdot Negev
AffiliationHapoel HaMizrachi
Founded5–6 October 1946
Founded byEastern European Jews
Population
 (2019)[1]
722

Tkuma (Hebrew: תְּקוּמָה, lit. Resurrection) is a religious moshav in southern Israel. Located north-west of Netivot, it falls under the jurisdiction of Sdot Negev Regional Council. In 2019 it had a population of 722.[1]

History

Tkuma was established as a kibbutz on the night of 5 and 6 October 1946 as one of the 11 points in the Negev at a location around a mile from the present site. The first residents were Jewish immigrants from Eastern Europe, who survived the Holocaust, and the village's name reflects the resurrection of Israel.[citation needed]

In 1949 the village moved to its present location near the site of the depopulated Arab village of al-Muharraqa. Scholar Benny Morris documents that Tkuma is near the al-Muharraqa site, but writer Walid Khalidi says that Tkuma, although only 2 km west of the al-Muharraqa site, is on land which once belonged to the city of Gaza.[2][3]

In the 1950s the moshav was joined by more immigrants from Eastern Europe and Tunisia.[citation needed]

Located 5 kilometers from Gaza, the moshav has suffered damage from rockets launched by Hamas militants during 2000s and 2010s. The moshav is serviced by the Color Red alert system.[4]

Tkuma morning prayers October 1946

Economy

Since the 1990s, fish-farming has been an important economic branch. The sale of fresh fish to banquet halls and restaurants in the northern Negev has provided income for seven families.[5]

References

  1. ^ a b "Population in the Localities 2019" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  2. ^ Morris, Benny (2004). The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. xxi. ISBN 978-0-521-00967-6.
  3. ^ Khalidi, Walid (1992), All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948, Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies, p. 127, ISBN 0-88728-224-5
  4. ^ Kershner, Isabel (December 24, 2008). "Gaza Rocket Fire Intensifies". The New York Times. Retrieved April 17, 2019.
  5. ^ Heruti-Sover, Tali (January 18, 2009). "Gaza War Leads to Creative Marketing and Success". Haaretz. Retrieved April 17, 2019.

External links

  • Tkuma Negev Information Centre
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