Time in Thailand
Thailand follows UTC+07:00, which is 7 hours ahead of UTC. The local mean time in Bangkok was originally UTC+06:42:04. Thailand used this local mean time until 1920, when it changed to Indochina Time, UTC+07:00; ICT is used all year round as Thailand does not observe daylight saving time. Thailand shares the same time zone with Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Christmas Island, and Western Indonesia.
- Prior to 1 January 1901, locations in Siam with an astronomical observatory would adopt local mean time based on the observatory's geographic position. Chiang Mai Province and two other provinces each had an observatory, hence, each province had its own distinct local mean time, with minutes of difference between the three locations.
- On 1 April 1920, the mean time of the 105th meridian east (passing through Ubon Ratchathani Province) was adopted by Siam as the new standard time. The mean time of the 105th meridian is 7 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (i.e., local mean time at the Greenwich Royal Observatory).
- In July 2001, Thailand announced its intention of moving its time forward one hour, to align with both Malaysia and Singapore and more importantly with Western Australia, Philippines, Central Indonesia, and Taiwan, i.e., UTC+08:00. This was met with much criticism and resistance and the plan was withdrawn.
|Period in use||Time offset from GMT||Name of time (unofficial)|
|1 January 1880 - 31 March 1920||UTC+06:42:04||Bangkok Mean Time|
|1 April 1920 – present||UTC+07:00||Indochina Time (ICT)|
Standardisation of time in Thailand
Thailand declared on 16 March 1920 that people would move their clocks ahead by 17 minutes, 56 seconds on 31 March 1920 to match the time in use in Southeast Asia. The time was switched on 1 April 1920 at 00:00 (old time) to 00:17:56 (new time).
On 1 January 1990, the Cabinet of Thailand appointed the Royal Thai Navy as the official timekeeper for Thailand. Thai Standard Time is derived from five atomic clocks maintained by the Royal Thai Navy.
- "Time Zone & Clock Changes in Bangkok, Thailand". www.timeanddate.com. Retrieved 2021-02-20.
- Arnold, Wayne (28 July 2001). "Thailand's Leader Wants to Switch Time Zones". New York Times. Retrieved 2 July 2019.
- Mok Ly Yng. "What time is it really?". Mathematics Department, National University of Singapore. Retrieved 2 July 2019.
- "พระราชกฤษฏีกาให้ใช้เวลาอัตรา" (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette (in Thai). Retrieved 4 June 2020.