Taraclia

Taraclia
Тараклия
City
Flag of Taraclia
Coat of arms of Taraclia
Taraclia is located in Moldova
Taraclia
Taraclia
Location within Moldova
Coordinates: 45°54′0″N 28°40′08″E / 45.90000°N 28.66889°E / 45.90000; 28.66889
CountryMoldova
DistrictTaraclia District
Government
 • MayorVeaceslav Lupov (Independent)
Elevation
76 m (249 ft)
Population
 (2014)[1]
 • Total12,355
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Area code+373 294
Websitehttp://taraclia.md

Taraclia (Romanian pronunciation: [taraˈkli.a]; Bulgarian: Тараклия) is a city located in the south of Moldova. It is the capital of Taraclia District, bordered by the autonomous region of Gagauzia, by the Cahul District and the Odesa Oblast of Ukraine. The great majority of its inhabitants are ethnic Bulgarians.

The Taraclia State University, co-funded by Bulgaria and Moldova, was established in 2004. The languages of education are Bulgarian and Romanian.

History

According to official figures, Taraclia was founded in 1813 by Bulgarian immigrants, although they have been settling there much earlier.[2] The city is one of the oldest Bulgarian settlements of the nineteenth century in what was then the southern Bessarabia.

The first settlers arrived at Taraclia during the Russo-Turkish war of 1806–1812. In 1821 it has settled a large group, which was originally located in the nearby village Aluatu. After the Russo-Turkish war of 1828–1829 a large proportion of Bulgarian immigrants settled in Bessarabia and specially in Taraclia, about 49 families have settled in the city. The last wave of migration happened in 1854, when 241 people settled there. Having the rights of colonists, they built houses and churches and had children, taking advantage of several decades of privileges granted to them by the Tsarist Russian government.[3]

In the middle of the 19th century, the famous explorer Apollon Skalkowski wrote about them: "Residents, good hosts, herds of large cattle, sheep, and a great deal to the success of horticulture and viticulture, and women bred mulberry trees, collect the cocoons and have silk in large quantities"[4]

During the interwar period, the city was the seat of Plasa Traian, in Cahul County, Romania.

Demographics

According to the 2014 census, the population of Taraclia amounted to 12,355 inhabitants, a decrease compared to the previous census in 2004, when 13,756 inhabitants were registered. Of these, 6,126 were men and 6,229 were women.[5]

Ethnic composition of Taraclia (2014)[6]

  Bulgarians (78.16%)
  Moldovans* (6.48%)
  Romanians (0.08%)
  Gagauz (5.94%)
  Russians (5.12%)
  Ukrainians (3.02%)
  Others (1.20%)
Linguistic composition of Taraclia (2014)[7]
  Bulgarian (75.76%)
  Russian (12.00%)
  Moldovan* (5.07%)
  Romanian (0.16%)
  Gagauz (4.87%)
  Ukrainian (1.51%)
  Other (0.63%)

Footnotes:

* There is an ongoing controversy regarding the ethnic identification of Moldovans and Romanians.

* Moldovan language is one of the two local names for the Romanian language in Moldova. In 2013, the Constitutional Court of Moldova interpreted that Article 13 of the constitution is superseded by the Declaration of Independence,[8] thus giving official status to the name Romanian.[9][10]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1930 8,507—    
1959 5,986−29.6%
1970 11,336+89.4%
1979 11,717+3.4%
1989 14,726+25.7%
2004 13,756−6.6%
2014 12,355−10.2%


Media

Notable people

International relations

Twin towns – Sister cities

Taraclia is twinned with:

References

  1. ^ Results of Population and Housing Census in the Republic of Moldova in 2014: "Characteristics – Population (population by communes, religion, citizenship)" (XLS). National Bureau of Statistics of the Republic of Moldova. 2017. Retrieved 1 May 2017.
  2. ^ см.: Кабузан В.М. Народонаселение Бессарабской области и левобережных районов Приднестровья. М., 1974. С.88
  3. ^ "Taraclia.net is for sale".
  4. ^ "Taraclia.net is for sale".
  5. ^ "2014 Moldova Census of Population and Housing". National Bureau of Statistics of the Republic of Moldova. (in Romanian, Russian, and English)
  6. ^ "2014 Moldova Census of Population and Housing". National Bureau of Statistics of the Republic of Moldova. (in Romanian, Russian, and English)
  7. ^ "2014 Moldova Census of Population and Housing". National Bureau of Statistics of the Republic of Moldova. (in Romanian, Russian, and English)
  8. ^ "Hotărâre Nr. 36 din 05.12.2013 privind interpretarea articolului 13 alin. (1) din Constituție în corelație cu Preambulul Constituției și Declarația de Independență a Republicii Moldova (Sesizările nr. 8b/2013 și 41b/2013)" (in Romanian). Constitutional Court of Moldova. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 20 December 2013. 124. ... Prin urmare, Curtea consideră că prevederea conținută în Declarația de Independență referitoare la limba română ca limbă de stat a Republicii Moldova prevalează asupra prevederii referitoare la limba moldovenească conținute în articolul 13 al Constituției. [124. ... Therefore, the Court considers that the provision contained in the Declaration of Independence regarding the Romanian language as the state language of the Republic of Moldova prevails over the provision regarding the Moldovan language contained in Article 13 of the Constitution.]
  9. ^ "Moldovan court rules official language is 'Romanian', replacing Soviet-flavored 'Moldovan'". Fox News. Associated Press. 5 December 2013. Archived from the original on 9 December 2013. Retrieved 7 December 2013.
  10. ^ "Chisinau Recognizes Romanian As Official Language". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 5 December 2013. Archived from the original on 23 September 2016. Retrieved 11 March 2014.

External links

  • Official website
  • Taraklia TV
  • Radio Taraklia
  • Bulgarian in Republic of Moldova website


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