Tanah Datar Regency

Tanah Datar Regency
Kabupaten Tanah Datar
Rice fields in Tanah Datar
Rice fields in Tanah Datar
Coat of arms of Tanah Datar Regency
Location within West Sumatra
Location within West Sumatra
Tanah Datar Regency is located in Sumatra
Tanah Datar Regency
Tanah Datar Regency
Location in Sumatra and Indonesia
Tanah Datar Regency is located in Indonesia
Tanah Datar Regency
Tanah Datar Regency
Tanah Datar Regency (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 0°27′00″S 100°34′59″E / 0.45°S 100.583°E / -0.45; 100.583
ProvinceWest Sumatra
Regency seatBatusangkar
 • RegentEka Putra[1]
 • Vice RegentRichi Aprian
 • Total1,336.60 km2 (516.06 sq mi)
 (2020 Census)[2]
 • Total371,704
 • Density280/km2 (720/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (IWST)
Area code(+62) 752
Pacu jawi, a traditional bull race from Tanah Datar.
Group of people at a tiger trap with a tiger in Soepajang, Bovenlanden Padang, on Sumatra's west coast. (Circa 1895)

Tanah Datar Regency is a landlocked regency (kabupaten) in West Sumatra province, Indonesia. The regency has an area of 1,336 km2, and had a population of 338,484 at the 2010 Census,[3] which rose to 371,704 at the 2020 Census.[4] The regency seat is the town of Batusangkar. The city of Padang Panjang is also geographically located within the regency but constitutes a municipality (kota otonom) of its own.

Tanah Datar has several tourist attractions including the Pagaruyung Palace (Istano Pagaruyuang) with its museum, Sanskrit and Malay language stone inscriptions from the 14th century, several sites with megaliths (batu tagak), and the village Pandai Sikat (Pandai Sikek), where the traditional songket (kain balapak) is still woven. The northern part of Lake Singkarak is situated in Tanah Datar. The traditional bull race pacu jawi take place in the regency too.[5]

Administrative districts

Tanah Datar is divided into fourteen districts (kecamatan), listed below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 Census[6] and 2020 Census.[7] The table also includes the locations of the district administrative centres, the number of administrative villages (rural desa and urban kelurahan) in each district, and its postal code.

District Area
in km2
2010 Census
2020 Census
No. of
Sepuluk Koto
(X Koto)
152.02 42,133 46,229 Pasa Rabaa 9 27151
Batipuh 144.26 29,896 31,883 Kubu Karambia 8 27265
Batipuh Selatan
(South Batipuh)
82.73 10,430 11,217 Sumpur 4 27266
Pariangan 76.43 19,519 20,744 Simabur 6 27264
Rambatan 129.15 33,287 37,180 Rambatan 5 27271
Lima Kaum 50.00 35,784 38,061 Lima Kaum 5 27211 - 27216
Tanjung Emas 112.05 21,689 25,047 Saruaso 4 27280
Padang Ganting 83.05 13,641 14,599 Padang Ganting 2 27282
Lintau Buo 60.22 17,564 19,771 Buo 4 27292
Lintau Buo Utara
(North Lintau Buo)
204.31 34,810 37,652 Balai Tangah 5 27293
Sungayang 65.45 16,903 18,671 Sungayang 5 27294
Sungai Tarab 71.85 29,282 32,694 Sungai Tarab 10 27261
Salimpaung 60.88 20,768 23,551 Tabek Patah 6 27262 - 27263
Tanjuang Baru 43.14 12,788 14,405 Tanjuang Alam 2 27281
Totals 1,336.00 338,494 371,704 Batusangkar 75


Geographically, Tanah Datar Regency is located in the middle of West Sumatra Province, at 00º17" South Latitude - 00º39" South Latitude and 100º19" East Longitude – 100º51" East Longitude.[8] Average altitude 400 to 1000 meters above sea level.

Tanah Datar Regency is located between two mountains, namely Mount Marapi and Mount Singgalang. This topography is dominated by hilly areas, and has two-thirds of the Singkarak lake.[9]

In general, the climate in Tanah Datar Regency is moderate with temperatures between 12 °C–25 °C with an average rainfall of more than 3,000 mm per year. Most of the rain falls from September to February. This high rainfall causes sufficient water availability, thus enabling extensive agricultural business to be developed.


Tanah Datar Regency is an agricultural area, more than 70% of the population works in the agricultural sector, both food crop agriculture, plantations, fisheries, and animal husbandry. Likewise, community businesses in other sectors are also based on agriculture such as tourism and small industry or agro-industry. The people of Tanah Datar are also known to like to save with a total public savings of IDR 223 billion in 2004.

The economic potential of Tanah Datar Regency can be categorized into three categories, namely: Very Potential, Potential, and Not Potential. The agricultural sectors that have the potential to be developed are cassava, cabbage, rubber, sugar cane, beef cattle breeding, horse breeding, beef goat farming, broiler farming, non-breed chicken, duck farming, and freshwater fish farming. Other sectors that have great potential to be developed are the civil building construction industry, retail traders of processed food products, telecommunication stall businesses, souvenir traders, and historical tourism. Tanah Datar Regency has the potential of almost all agricultural sectors except cloves, tobacco, spinach, and pepper. While the mining sector that has the potential to be developed is the excavation of limestone and gravel.


In Tanah Datar Regency today, there are still many Minangkabau traditional historical relics, both in the form of objects and Minangkabau traditional cultural arrangements. The pledge Adat Basandi Syarak, Syarak Basandi Kitabullah also known as the Satie Oath came from Tanah Datar, namely in Bukit Marapalam, Puncak Pato, North Lintau Buo District.

Historical tourist attractions in Tanah Datar Regency include the Pagaruyung Palace (Istano Basa Pagaruyuang), Balai Ruang Sari [id], Puncak Pato, Adityawarman Inscription (Prasasti Adityawarman), Angkek-angkek Stone [id] (Batu Angkek-angkek), Balimbing Tower House [id; min] (Rumah Gadang Balimbing), Waterwheel, Basurek Stone [min] (Batu Basurek), Pariangan Old Village (Nagari Tuo Pariangan), Fort van der Capellen, Batikam Stone (Batu Batikam), and King Palace (Istano Rajo). Meanwhile, for natural and cultural tourism in Tanah Datar Regency, there are Anai Valley, Tabek Pateh Panorama, Pariangan Village, Singkarak Lake, Batu Patah Hill, and Ngalau Pangian.[5]


  1. ^ "Eka Putra dan Richi Aprian resmi dilantik sebagai Bupati dan Wakil Bupati Tanah Datar". Tanah Datar website. 2021-02-26.
  2. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  3. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  4. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  5. ^ a b "8 Tourist Attractions in Tanah Datar, Sumatra". Tempo.co.
  6. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 20211.
  7. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  8. ^ Natsir, M., (2009), Ekstraksi Informasi Penutup Lahan Daerah Kabupaten Tanah Datar, Seminar Nasional Aplikasi Teknologi Informasi 2009 (SNATI 2009), 20 Juni 2009, Yogyakarta, ISSN 1907-5022.
  9. ^ "Geografi Tanah Datar". Tanah Datar Regency website.

External links

  • (in Indonesian) Official website

Coordinates: 0°27′00″S 100°34′59″E / 0.45°S 100.583°E / -0.45; 100.583

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